Xeriscaping is a philosophy of gardening-not a style-which aims to create outdoor spaces as beautiful as environmentally friendly. The term “xeriscape” was coined in 1981 by the Denver Water Company to define a new approach to water conservation in its broadest sense. This system is based on seven principles inseparable from each other that create an integrated habitat, efficient and successful. If you live in an area that suffers from drought or want simply to garden without damaging your property, xeriscaping is for you.
The seven principles of xeriscape
1. Develop a detailed plan
The easiest way is to leave a thoughtful design that incorporates both the realities of your site and your lifestyle. You must determine and list: soil type, areas exposed to the sun and in the shade, the ground (including drainage), the view and the plants in place. It is also very important to define what you want from your garden and your tastes in the matter. If you want a place to eat or socialize, play areas, a kitchen, a place out of sight, etc., remember to integrate at the planning phase.
- Create viable turf areas
Use lawn wherever it is needed, whether for a playground or a cool area for children and pets.Remember to select resistant weeds to drought or native grasses that require less water and fertilizer and will need to be mowed less often.The dwarf fescue, Poa arachnifera and compressed bluegrass lawns that are resistant to drought and harsh winter and are ideal in traffic areas (often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass). To withstand summer drought, lawns as buffalo grass and blue grama are slow-growing grasses are particularly suitable for gardens in Franciscogardening.com.
- Use plants adapted to the climate and group them according to their water needs
Prefer native plants and drought-resistant, well suited to your climate.Gather those who need more water, such as vegetables and those in pots, to make more efficient irrigation.Observe the characteristics of your garden to determine the best watering zones (hydrozones).For example, a southeast facing slope is ideal for plants that do not require much water but good drainage. A flat area that remains humid all year round can be used to separate plant species that have moderate to high water requirements.
- Enrich the soil if necessary
Make your soil tested before you start planting or install your irrigation system.A complete analysis conducted by professionals will help you find the most suitable fertilizer to the nature of your soil – please contact anagricultural cooperative or a landscape to achieve it. Enriching the soil depends on the type of plants you want to install: native plants require little or no fertilizer, while vegetable absolutely need.Enriching your soil, you’ll improve natural drainage, water retention capacity and soil-air exchange your field. An additional supply of nutrients will also allow you to have very healthy plants.
- Install an efficient irrigation system
installed and used correctly, an irrigation system can save water.Some innovations, such as timers, humidity sensors soil and rainwater collectors, saves water, but also time and money.Also, do not water your plants on a fixed schedule, but only when they need it.
- Use organic mulch
A layer of 7 centimeters of mulch will reduce natural evaporation of water, stabilize soil temperature, slow down erosion and compaction and prevent weeds settle.Moreover, mulch adds color and texture to the landscape. Also, remember to include it in your project from the design phase.
- Maintain your garden carefully
Adequate watering, weeding and careful optimal fertilization of plants, like the maintenance and monitoring of your irrigation system, allow you to enjoy all year round a beautiful garden all saving water.