Andorra: Political System
Andorra is a parliamentary principality. The heads of state are the Bishop of
La Seu d'Urgell and the President of the French Republic, who rule as co-princes
(Coprínceps). The parliament is a unicameral system with 28 members (4
representatives per valley) and is elected every 4 years. Since 1990 the
government (Govern) has been formed from seven ministers who are not allowed to
belong to parliament. Andorra's head of government (Cap de Govern) is elected by
parliament. He is only allowed to exercise his office for two consecutive terms.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Principality of Andorra
The song El Gran Carlemany (Charlemagne) was declared the
national anthem of Andorra in 1914. The text is by Joan Benloch i Vivo
(1864-1926), the music by Enric Marfany Bons (1871-1942).
||In the English translation
|El gran Carlemany, mon Pare dels alarbs em deslliurà,
I del cel vida em donà de Meritxell, la gran Mare,
Princesa nasquí i Pubilla entre dues nacions neutral
Sols resto lúnica filla de l'imperi Carlemany.
Creient i lluire onze sails, creient i lliure vull ser.
Siguin els furs mos tutors i mos Prínceps defensors!
I mos Princeps defensors!
|Charlemagne, my father, freed me from the Saracens,
And from heaven he gave me the life of Meritxel, the great mother.I was
born a princess, a virgin, neutral between two nations.
I am the only remaining daughter of the Carolingian Empire.
Believing and free for eleven centuries, believing and free I will
remain.The laws of the land are my companions, and my defenders are
And my defenders are princes!
The national flag (national flag) of Andorra was officially introduced on
June 20, 1996.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the colors blue and red come from the French tricolor, while red and yellow are
Spanish colors. In the coat of arms in the upper left quarter is the miter and
shepherd's crook of the Bishop of Urgell, the three red stakes in the upper
right stand for the Counts of Foix, the four stakes in the lower left for
Catalonia and the cows in the fourth quarter symbolize the Counts of Béarn.
Antoni Bernadó (born 1966)
The later long-distance runner, who was born in the Andorran capital in 1966,
still holds the national records over 3,000, 5,000 and 10,000 m as well as the
half marathon and the marathon.
Albert Celades López (born 1975)
López is a Spanish soccer player who has played for Real Madrid and FC
Barcelona, among others. In addition, the native Andorran played several times
in the Spanish national team and took part in the 1998 World Cup in France.
Antoni Fiter i Rossell (1706 - 1748)
This lawyer, born in 1706 in the Ordino in Andorran, wrote the extensive
commissioned work “Manual Digest” in 1748, which, with its history and the
manners and customs of Andorra, is considered an important early work in
Andorran literature. A street was named after Rossell in Andorra la Vella and in
Marta Roure Besolí (born 1981)
The Andorran singer, who comes from his very musical family, began her career as
a guitarist, pianist and singer and previously played in several orchestras and
bands. She represented her country, which had participated in this event for the
first time, in 2004 at the Eurovision Song Contest in Istanbul, where she could
only achieve 12 points.
Albert Salvadó (born 1951)
The Andorran industrial engineer and Catalan author is known for his historical
novels, essays and short stories. Salvadó is one of the Catalan authors with
most publications in Spanish.
Boris Michailowitsch Skossyrew (1896 - 1944)
This Russian nobleman was able to gain power in Andorra for a short time in the
20th century. There he ruled from July 7 to 21, 1934 as King Boris I.