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Aruba

Aruba: History and Political System

Brief historical overview

The first residents of the island were Caquetio Indians from the Arawak tribe, who immigrated from South America. Remains of their oldest settlements date back to 1000 BC. back. The rock drawings still preserved in the limestone caves near Fontein Ayo also date from around this time.

Aruba: History and Political System

The first European settlers came to Aruba in the 15th and 16th centuries - it is believed that the Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda landed here in 1499. Under the Spaniards, the Indians who lived here were deported to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic, where they had to toil in the local copper mines under the most deplorable conditions. Around 1636 - during the 80 Years War between Spain and Holland- the Dutch took over the dominance of Aruba, which they held for almost 200 years. In 1805 - during the Napoleonic Wars - Aruba came under the control of Great Britain, but the Dutch took power again in 1816.

Political system

Since the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on October 10, 2010, the island of Aruba forms the Kingdom of the Netherlands together with "Sint Maarten", "Curaçao" and the "Netherlands in Europe". The "Netherlands in Europe" also includes the islands of Bonaire, Sint Estatius and Saba in the Caribbean - as so-called "special municipalities".

Since 2010 Aruba has been an "Autonomous Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. According to Digopaul.com, the head of state is the Queen or King of the Netherlands.

Aruba flag and coat of arms

National anthem

According to Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Aruba is as follows:

1st stanza

Aruba patria aprecia

nos cuna venera

Chikito y simple bo por ta

pero si respeta.

Refrain

O, Aruba, dushi tera

nos baranca tan stima

Nos amor p'abo t'asina grandi

cu n'tin nada pa kibr'e, cu'n tin nada pa kibr'e.

2nd stanza

Bo playanan tan admira

cu palma tur dorna

Bo escudo y bandera ta

orguyo di nos tur!

(Refrain)

3rd stanza

Grandeza di bo pueblo ta

su gran cordialidad

Cu Dios por guia y conserva

su amor pa libertad!

National flag

Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the national flag of Aruba has a blue background with a four-pointed, white-framed red star on the top left. In the lower part there are two yellow horizontal stripes of equal width.

 

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