Azerbaijan: Political System
Azerbaijan is a presidential republic. The National Assembly is a unicameral
parliament. It consists of 125 members who are elected every five years. The
head of state is also directly elected every five years. The territory of the
country includes the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous region and the Nakhichevan
autonomous republic, each with its own legislative and executive branches.
Azerbaijan has been an independent state of the CIS since 1991. According to Digopaul.com,
name of the country is:
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a
text, which is intended to express the state, life or national feeling of a
country. It is usually played on particularly festive occasions, such as state
visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders, etc.But also
at the award ceremony on the occasion of international sporting events, such as
the Olympic Games, the Tour de France or World and European Championships, the
National anthem of the respective winning country played.
The introduction of the national anthems in most European countries goes back to
the late 18th and early 19th centuries. As a rule, the numerous former colonies
that had become independent introduced their national anthems and also their
national flags after independence, i.e. in the second half of the 20th century.
"Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan! ” Has been the country's national
anthem since 1991. It was composed in 1918 by Üzeyir Hacıbəyov for the
Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan and the English translation reads as follows:
Honorable Fatherland of Heroic Sons
We are ready to give our hearts and lives for you.
All of us can give our blood for you.
Live happily with the tricolor banner.
Live happily with the tricolor banner.
Thousands of souls have been sacrificed for you.
Your chest became a battlefield for war.
Soldiers gave their lives for you.
Each of them became a hero.
May you become a blooming garden.
At all times our life is a sacrifice A
thousand and one caresses are in my heart.
And protect your honor
to raise your banner.
And protect your honor
The entire youth is enthusiastic.
Honorable fatherland, honorable fatherland.
Azerbaijan: Known People
Aziza Mustafah Zadeh (born 1969)
pianist, singer and composer
The singer, who lives in Mainz, developed her own musical style
from jazz, scat singing, elements of classical piano music and mugam
(traditional Azerbaijani improvisation music).
Writer and poet
Mirzä Şäfi Vazeh (1794 to 1852)
poet; The poet, known in Germany as Mirza-Schaffy, is believed to have produced
the "Songs of Mirza-Schaffy", which Friedrich von Bodenstedt published in
Germany in 1851 and which later also gained great popularity in other European
Mirzä Fätäli Axundov (1812 to 1878)
Writer, philosopher and literary critic; The author he exercised an important
influence on the development of philosophy in the Islamic Orient. Through his
novel "Deceived Stars" (1857) he became the founder of modern Azerbaijani prose.
Axundov's theatrical comedies, with which he achieved great fame, pioneered the
dramaturgy in Azerbaijan and in the entire Islamic Orient. He also came from him
the first draft of a Latin alphabet for the Turkic languages, he presented it to
the Ottoman Science Society in 1863.
Yusif Väzir Çämänzäminli (1887 to 1943)
Writer and statesman; The former (1919) Azerbaijani Foreign Minister was
deported to the Sukhobesvodnaya gulag under Stalin and died there. His literary
works probably include the novel "Ali und Nino", published under the pseudonym
Kurban Said and published in 1937 in German.
Rustam Mamed Ibrahimbekov (born 1939)
Writer, screenwriter and film producer; He wrote the script for the former
Soviet cult film "White Sun of the Desert" (1970) and the film "The Sun That
Deceives Us" (1994), which won an award in Cannes and received an Oscar for best
foreign film. Ibrahimbekov was chairman of the Association of Filmmakers and is
a member of the European Film Academy.
Anar Rəsul oğlu Rzayev (born 1938), modern writer
Teymur Räcäbov (born 1987)
world class chess master; The exceptional talent learned to play chess at the
age of four and achieved the title of grandmaster at the age of 13, as the
second youngest in the history of chess.
Theologians and philosophers
Faslullah Naimi Täbrisi (also: Fazlallah Astarabadi, died
poet, philosopher and founder of the doctrine of Hurufism; The medieval
philosopher wrote the works "Jawidannamä" (book about eternity), "Wasiyyätnamä"
(testament) and "Mähäbbätnamä" (book about love). The Hurufism he developed is a
variant of Sufism which, similar to the Kabbalah, is supposed to enable
religious knowledge by deciphering the alphabet and the numerical value of the
letters of sacred texts. Faslullah's teaching spread throughout the Orient. In
1394, the then ruler Timur Lenk had him executed near Naxçıvan. Elements of his
teaching can still be found among the Anatolian Alevis; it is also still taught
in some Albanian villages today.
Lotfi Asker Zadeh (born 1921)
Systems theorist and inventor of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic; Born in Baku,
the son of an Azerbaijani journalist grew up mainly in Iran and moved to the USA
during World War II. There he taught from 1959 until his retirement as a doctor
of electrical engineering at Berkeley University. In 1965 Zadeh founded the
concept of fuzzy logic (logic of uncertainty) - a method of mathematical
description of systems. In addition, he conducted research in the fields of
neural networks, expert systems, control theory and artificial intelligence and
coined the term soft computing, in which the exact analysis of a system is
dispensed with in favor of its qualitative and interpretable description. For
his scientific achievements he received 20 honorary doctorates.
Äbüfäz Elcibäy (1938 to 2000)
politician and cultural scientist; As a result of his attitude critical of
communism, he went into exile in Poland temporarily during the Soviet era, but
was imprisoned there for two years. Elcibäy led the Azerbaijani liberation
movement in the 1990s and was elected president in 1991. This was the country's
only democratic presidential election to date. In the following year, in the
course of the military defeat in Nagorno-Karabakh, he was overthrown by a
Heydär (also Gejdar) Äliyev (1923 to 2003)
3rd President; The former KGB general and CPSU politician left the Politburo and
the Council of Ministers in 1987 as an opponent of Gorbachev's reform policy. In
1993 he took over the office of president, which he held until his death. He
strengthened clan rule in Azerbaijan, which means a concentration of power and
the accumulation of enormous wealth in certain families. Its foreign policy was
a balancing act of good relations with Iran, Turkey, the USA and Russia.
Ilham Äliyev (born 1961)
current President of Azerbaijan; Heydär Äliyev's son was brought to power by his
father and continues his policy.