Bangladesh: Political System
Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy with pure majority voting. At the
head of the state is a president who is directly elected by the people every
five years. The five-year legislative period began on October 1st, 2001 with the
first session of the national parliament with 330 members, 300 of whom were
directly elected; 30 seats are reserved for women, elected by the 300 MPs. The
constitution dates from 1972 and was last amended in 1996.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|People's Republic of Bangladesh
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Bangladesh was written and set to music by the poet,
philosopher, educator and social reformer Rabindranath Tagore (in
German: Thákur) (1861-1941). Tagore received the Nobel Prize in Literature in
1913. In 1972 it became the country's official anthem. It's called "Amar Sonar
Bangla" (My Golden Bengal).
In Bengali it reads:
|Amar Sonar Bangla
Ami tomay bhalobashi,
Ciradin tomar akas, tomar batas, amar prane
grandma amar prane, bajay basi.
Sonar Bamla, Ami tomay bhalobasi.
O ma, Fagune gate amer bane ghrane pagal kare, mari hay, hay re
O ma, Fagune gate amer bane ghrane pagal kare,
O ma, aghrane gate bhara ksete ki dekhechi ami ki dekhechi madhur hasi
Sonar Bamla ami tomay bhalo basi, ki sobha, ki chaya go ki sneha,
ki maya go ki acal bichayecha
bater mule, nadir kule kule.
Ma, tor mukher bani amar kane location suhar mato,
mari hay hay re ma,
tor nadankhani malin hale, o ma, ami nayanjale bhasi.
Bangladesh: People you know
- Zainul Abedin (1914-1976)
- Hassan Quamrul (1921-1988)
- Rafiqun Nabi (born 1943)
Politicians and rulers
- Iajuddin Ahmed (born 1931) has been the head of state
of Bangladesh since 2002.
- Begum Khaleda Zia (born 1945) is the Prime Minister of
- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920-1975) is
considered to be the founder of Bangladesh.
- Sheikh Hasina is the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
Writer and poet
- Rabíndranáth Tagore (formerly in German: Thákur) (1861-1941) was
a Bengali poet, painter, philosopher, educator and social reformer. For the
English translation of his work Gitanjali, which he himself made, he
received the first Asian Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
- Nasrul Islam (1899-1976), Bengali
- Taslima Nasreen (born 1962) has sparked worldwide
interest because of her open criticism of the oppression of women by Islam.
- Michael Madhusudan Dutt, (1824-1873)
- Shamsur Rahman, (born 1929)
- Begum Sufia (1911-1999), writer and
- Humayun Ahmed (born 1948)
- Mohammed Junus (born 1940)
On October 13, 2006, the economist and the Grameen Bank he founded received
the Nobel Peace Prize as a complete surprise. Junus was chosen by the
five-member jury because he had initiated innovative economic programs in
his home country, such as microcredit for the poor, and thus helped to
support "economic and social development from below". This is of particular
importance, since "there cannot be lasting peace as long as large sections
of the population cannot find a way out of poverty," said the committee in
Oslo. The loans were used, for example, to buy cows, chickens or cell phones
to enable small business startups. In a statement, the 66-year-old said: "I
am delighted. I cannot believe this really happened. Everyone told me I
would get the award, but it was an absolute surprise. This is fantastic news
for everyone who has supported us. "In Bangladesh alone, over two million
people have benefited from interest-free microcredit loans, which were given
without collateral and mostly to women.