Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia Herzegovina: Political System
Bosnia and Herzegovina has been a republic since 1992 and has had a new
constitution since April 2002. It has a two-chamber parliament, which is
composed of the House of Representatives (42 seats, election every 4 years) and
the Chamber of Nations (15 seats; election every 4 years).
It consists of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republi
Srpska. Every two years a three-member state presidency is elected by direct
election, which consists of a Bosnian, a Serb and a Croat. The chair changes
every eight months.
The two parts each have their own government and parliament, as well as the
above-mentioned joint government and parliament for the entire state. For this,
the Serbs choose their candidates from the Republic of Srpska and the Bosniaks
and Croats their candidates from the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The
federation is in turn an amalgamation of the following ten cantons:
- Sarajevo (Bosnian)
- Tuzla Prodrinje (Bosnian)
- Gorazde (Bosnian)
- Una Sana (Bosnian)
- Zenica Doboj (Bosnian)
- Herzegovina-Neretva (Croatian/Bosnian)
- Central Bosnia (Croatian/Bosnian)
- Livno (Croatian)
- Posavina (Croatian)
- Western Herzegovina (Croatian).
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The new national anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina is called Intermeco and
was composed by Dušan Šestic. It was introduced on February 10th along with the
new national flag
|In Latin letters
||In the English translation
|Ti si svjetlost duše
Vječne vatre plam
Majko naša zemljo, Bosno
Tebi pripadamU srcu su tvoje
Bosne i HercegovinePonosna i slavna
Živjet ćeš u srcu našem
Mi idemo u budućnost
|Ти си свјетлост душе
Вјечне ватре плам
Мајко наша земљо, Босно
Теби припадамУ срцу су твоје
Босне и ХерцеговинеПоносна и славна
Живјећеш у срцу нашем
Ми идемо у будућност
|You are the light of our soul.
The flame of the eternal fire of
our mother, the land of Bosnia
. I belong to youIn the heart are your
From Bosnia and HerzegovinaProud and glorious
land of our ancestors
You live in our hearts
We go into the future
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national flag (country flag) of Bosnia and Herzegovina was introduced on
February 10, 1998 along with the national anthem.
The new flag was introduced on May 20th, 1998. It consists of a blue field
with a yellow triangle and a line with white stars on the diagonal side of the
triangle. This state coat of arms was chosen because it symbolically does not
favor any of the nationalities of the republic. Originally, the dark blue was
supposed to represent the UN blue, the triangle the three equal population
groups, the yellow the color of the sun and peace and the stars to remind us of
the flag of Europe.
Bosnia-Herzegovina: Known People
Politicians and the military
Fikret Abdić (born 1939)
This is a Bosnian politician, warlord and businessman.
Alija Izetbegović (1925 - 2003)
The Bosnian politician was President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
from 1990 to 1992. Between 1992 and 2000 he was the leading member of the
collective state presidium. In 1992 he declared his country's independence from
Ratko Mladić (born 1943)
This general in the Bosnian War served as the General of the Army of the Serbian
Republic between 1992 and 1995. Among other things, he is responsible for the
murder of approx. 8,000 men and boys aged 12 and over in Srebrenica in July 1995
as well as for atrocities during the nearly four-year siege of Sarajevo. He was
caught on May 26, 2011 in Serbia after a search lasting around 16 years. On May
31, 2011, he was transferred by plane to the War Crimes Tribunal in The
Hague. At the time of his arrest, he was suffering from complications from a
stroke and heart attack. There was nothing left of the robust general who had
risen to rule over life and death. On 22.
Goran Bregović (born 1950)
This Bosnian musician is one of the most important contemporary composers in the
Zdravko Čolić (born 1951)
The successful Bosnian singer currently lives in Belgrade.
Mirza Delibašić (1954-2001)
This Bosnian basketball player was born in Tuzla.
Edin Dervišhalidović (born 1962)
The Bosnian songwriter and musician is one of the most important musicians in
Edo Maajka (born 1978)
This is a famous Bosnian rapper.
Tomislav "Tomo" Milicevic (born 1979)
currently works as lead guitarist for the band “30 Seconds to Mars”.
Marija Šestić (born 1987)
This Bosnian-Serbian musician and singer represented her country at the
Eurovision Song Contest 2007 in Helsinki, Finland.
Vedran Smailović (born 1956)
The musician from Bosnia and Herzegovina, who became known as the "Cellist of
Sarajevo", played for 22 days during the siege of Sarajevo in honor of 22
civilians who had been shot by Serbian soldiers. Smailović Sarajevo works today
as a composer and conductor in Northern Ireland.
Branimir "Johnny" Štulić (born 1953)
The singer, songwriter and poet used to belong to the Yugoslav rock group
“Azra”. He is known for his charismatic stage shows and his soulful, socially
Sasha Toperich (born 1972)
The Bosnian-Israeli concert pianist also works as a diplomat and human rights
Actors and directors
Jasmin Dizdar (born 1961)
This Bosnian filmmaker has already celebrated many successes.
Ademir Kenović (born 1950 in Sarajevo)
Kenovićis is a Bosnian director and filmmaker. He studied in Sarajevo and Ohio/
USA. His films "Kuduz" (1989) and "Hard to be Nice" (2007) are well known. The
film he produced "The Perfect Circle", directed by Srđan Vuletić, won the
François Chalais Prize in Cannes in 1997, which has been awarded at the Cannes
Film Festival since this year.
Emir Kusturica (born 1955)
Director, winner of the "Golden Lion" award for debut films at the Venice Film
Festival, two-time winner of the "Golden Palm" for directing in Cannes. Famous
Movies: "Arizona Dream", "Underground", "Black Cat, White Cat"
Danis Tanović (born 1969)
Director and screenwriter, winner of the "Palme d'Or" award for the screenplay
at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival for his film "No Man's Land", the "Felix" award
for screenplay at the Berlin Film Festival and Oscar winner as best foreign
language film in 2001.
Srđan Vuletić (born 1971)
Vuletić is a Bosnian director and filmmaker.
The award-winning film "Hop, Skip, and Jump" (= triple jump) was made in 1999
under the direction of Vuletić. In addition, the film he directed "The Perfect
Circle" won the 1997 François Chalais Prize in Cannes.
Pjer Žalica (born 1964)
The Bosnian director was born in Sarajevo in 1964 and is also well known for his
Writer and poet
Ivo Andric (1892-1975)
This Bosnian writer won the 1961 Nobel Prize for Literature. It is assigned to
Branko Ćopić (1915 - 1984)
The works of this Yugoslav author of Bosnian origin have been translated into
many languages and also served as models for TV series and films. Ćopić
committed suicide in Belgrade in 1984.
Mehmedalija "Mak" Dizdar (1917 - 1971)
This Bosnian poet is one of the most important Yugoslav writers of the second
half of the 20th century.
Jovan Dučić (1871-1943)
This famous Bosnian-Serbian poet also worked as a diplomat.
Miljenko Jergović (born 1966)
The writer currently lives in Zagreb, Croatia.
Dževad Karahasan (born 1953)
This Bosnian writer and dramaturge was awarded the "Charles Veillon" and the
"Herder Prize" for his work.
Petar Kočić (1877-1916)
The Bosnian-Serbian author treated the Bosnian mountains in literary terms.
Aleksa Šantić (1868-1924)
Aleksa Šantić was a Bosnian-Serbian writer.
Mehmedalija "Meša" Selimović (1910 - 1982)
This writer is considered one of the most important Serbian authors of the 20th
century. His written dialect still dominates the contemporary Bosnian language.
Antun Branko Šimić (1898 - 1925)
This expressionist poet from Bosnia and Herzegovina was born in 1898. With his
works he is considered one of the most important Croatian authors.
Sergej Barbarez (born 1971)
Bosnian national soccer player. He has played in the Bundesliga since
1996; first for Hansa Rostock, from 1998 for Borussia Dortmund and since 2000
for Hamburger SV.
Marijan Beneš (born 1951)
This former Yugoslav boxer was born in Bosnia and Herzegovina and is still
considered to be one of the best of his sport in Yugoslavia.
Dražen Dalipagić (born 1951)
The native of Mostar, Bosnian basketball player was one of the dominant players
of the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Hasan Salihamidžic (born 1977)
Bosnian national soccer player. He has played in the Bundesliga with Hamburger
SV since 1992 and with Bayern Munich since 1998.
Mersad Berber (19402012)
Mersad Berber was a Bosnian painter and a founding member of the Academy of
Arts in Sarajevo. He celebrated great successes especially since 1965.
Gabrijel Jurkić (1886 - 1974)
The Croatian artist, born in Livno in 1886, has a gallery dedicated to him in
his hometown and in the Museum of Contemporary Art in Zagreb. In 1993 his
likeness appeared on a special stamp.
Gavrilo (Gavre) Princip (1894-1914)
A Bosnian Serb who carried out an assassination attempt on the Austro-Hungarian
heir to the throne Franz-Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on June 28, 1914 in
Sarajevo. This triggered the Austrian retaliation and led to the beginning of
the First World War.
Ivan Straus (1928-2018)
Ivan Štraus was a Bosnian architect. He was one of the most important architects
of Yugoslavia in the period after the Second World War. Since the 1980s he was a
member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the
author of "Architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1945-1995". The Aviation
Museum in Belgrade came from him, among others.