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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia Herzegovina: Political System

Bosnia and Herzegovina has been a republic since 1992 and has had a new constitution since April 2002. It has a two-chamber parliament, which is composed of the House of Representatives (42 seats, election every 4 years) and the Chamber of Nations (15 seats; election every 4 years).

Bosnia Herzegovina: Political System

It consists of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republi Srpska. Every two years a three-member state presidency is elected by direct election, which consists of a Bosnian, a Serb and a Croat. The chair changes every eight months.

The two parts each have their own government and parliament, as well as the above-mentioned joint government and parliament for the entire state. For this, the Serbs choose their candidates from the Republic of Srpska and the Bosniaks and Croats their candidates from the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The federation is in turn an amalgamation of the following ten cantons:

  • Sarajevo (Bosnian)
  • Tuzla Prodrinje (Bosnian)
  • Gorazde (Bosnian)
  • Una Sana (Bosnian)
  • Zenica Doboj (Bosnian)
  • Herzegovina-Neretva (Croatian/Bosnian)
  • Central Bosnia (Croatian/Bosnian)
  • Livno (Croatian)
  • Posavina (Croatian)
  • Western Herzegovina (Croatian).

According to, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

National anthem

The new national anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina is called Intermeco and was composed by Dušan Šestic. It was introduced on February 10th along with the new national flag

In Latin letters In Cyrillic In the English translation
Ti si svjetlost duše

Vječne vatre plam

Majko naša zemljo, Bosno

Tebi pripadamU srcu su tvoje

Rijeke, planine

Plavo more

Bosne i HercegovinePonosna i slavna

Zemljo predaka

Živjet ćeš u srcu našem

Dov'jekaPokoljenja tvoja

Kazuju jedno:

Mi idemo u budućnost


Ти си свјетлост душе

Вјечне ватре плам

Мајко наша земљо, Босно

Теби припадамУ срцу су твоје

Ријеке, планине

Плаво море

Босне и ХерцеговинеПоносна и славна

Земљо предака

Живјећеш у срцу нашем

ДовјекаПокољења твоја

Казују једно:

Ми идемо у будућност


You are the light of our soul.

The flame of the eternal fire of

our mother, the land of Bosnia

. I belong to youIn the heart are your

rivers, mountains

blue sea

From Bosnia and HerzegovinaProud and glorious

land of our ancestors

You live in our hearts

foreverYour generations

say united

We go into the future


National flag

Based on flag descriptions by, the national flag (country flag) of Bosnia and Herzegovina was introduced on February 10, 1998 along with the national anthem.

The new flag was introduced on May 20th, 1998. It consists of a blue field with a yellow triangle and a line with white stars on the diagonal side of the triangle. This state coat of arms was chosen because it symbolically does not favor any of the nationalities of the republic. Originally, the dark blue was supposed to represent the UN blue, the triangle the three equal population groups, the yellow the color of the sun and peace and the stars to remind us of the flag of Europe.

Bosnia and Herzegovina flag and coat of arms

Bosnia-Herzegovina: Known People

Politicians and the military

Fikret Abdić (born 1939)

This is a Bosnian politician, warlord and businessman.

Alija Izetbegović (1925 - 2003)

The Bosnian politician was President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1990 to 1992. Between 1992 and 2000 he was the leading member of the collective state presidium. In 1992 he declared his country's independence from Yugoslavia.

Ratko Mladić (born 1943)

This general in the Bosnian War served as the General of the Army of the Serbian Republic between 1992 and 1995. Among other things, he is responsible for the murder of approx. 8,000 men and boys aged 12 and over in Srebrenica in July 1995 as well as for atrocities during the nearly four-year siege of Sarajevo. He was caught on May 26, 2011 in Serbia after a search lasting around 16 years. On May 31, 2011, he was transferred by plane to the War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. At the time of his arrest, he was suffering from complications from a stroke and heart attack. There was nothing left of the robust general who had risen to rule over life and death. On 22.


Goran Bregović (born 1950)

This Bosnian musician is one of the most important contemporary composers in the Balkans.

Zdravko Čolić (born 1951)

The successful Bosnian singer currently lives in Belgrade.

Mirza Delibašić (1954-2001)

This Bosnian basketball player was born in Tuzla.

Edin Dervišhalidović (born 1962)

The Bosnian songwriter and musician is one of the most important musicians in his country.

Edo Maajka (born 1978)

This is a famous Bosnian rapper.

Tomislav "Tomo" Milicevic (born 1979)

currently works as lead guitarist for the band “30 Seconds to Mars”.

Marija Šestić (born 1987)

This Bosnian-Serbian musician and singer represented her country at the Eurovision Song Contest 2007 in Helsinki, Finland.

Vedran Smailović (born 1956)

The musician from Bosnia and Herzegovina, who became known as the "Cellist of Sarajevo", played for 22 days during the siege of Sarajevo in honor of 22 civilians who had been shot by Serbian soldiers. Smailović Sarajevo works today as a composer and conductor in Northern Ireland.

Branimir "Johnny" Štulić (born 1953)

The singer, songwriter and poet used to belong to the Yugoslav rock group “Azra”. He is known for his charismatic stage shows and his soulful, socially critical texts.

Sasha Toperich (born 1972)

The Bosnian-Israeli concert pianist also works as a diplomat and human rights lawyer.

Actors and directors

Jasmin Dizdar (born 1961)

This Bosnian filmmaker has already celebrated many successes.

Ademir Kenović (born 1950 in Sarajevo)

Kenovićis is a Bosnian director and filmmaker. He studied in Sarajevo and Ohio/ USA. His films "Kuduz" (1989) and "Hard to be Nice" (2007) are well known. The film he produced "The Perfect Circle", directed by Srđan Vuletić, won the François Chalais Prize in Cannes in 1997, which has been awarded at the Cannes Film Festival since this year.

Emir Kusturica (born 1955)

Director, winner of the "Golden Lion" award for debut films at the Venice Film Festival, two-time winner of the "Golden Palm" for directing in Cannes. Famous Movies: "Arizona Dream", "Underground", "Black Cat, White Cat"

Danis Tanović (born 1969)

Director and screenwriter, winner of the "Palme d'Or" award for the screenplay at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival for his film "No Man's Land", the "Felix" award for screenplay at the Berlin Film Festival and Oscar winner as best foreign language film in 2001.

Srđan Vuletić (born 1971)

Vuletić is a Bosnian director and filmmaker.

The award-winning film "Hop, Skip, and Jump" (= triple jump) was made in 1999 under the direction of Vuletić. In addition, the film he directed "The Perfect Circle" won the 1997 François Chalais Prize in Cannes.

Pjer Žalica (born 1964)

The Bosnian director was born in Sarajevo in 1964 and is also well known for his short films.

Writer and poet

Ivo Andric (1892-1975)

This Bosnian writer won the 1961 Nobel Prize for Literature. It is assigned to classical realism.

Branko Ćopić (1915 - 1984)

The works of this Yugoslav author of Bosnian origin have been translated into many languages and also served as models for TV series and films. Ćopić committed suicide in Belgrade in 1984.

Mehmedalija "Mak" Dizdar (1917 - 1971)

This Bosnian poet is one of the most important Yugoslav writers of the second half of the 20th century.

Jovan Dučić (1871-1943)

This famous Bosnian-Serbian poet also worked as a diplomat.

Miljenko Jergović (born 1966)

The writer currently lives in Zagreb, Croatia.

Dževad Karahasan (born 1953)

This Bosnian writer and dramaturge was awarded the "Charles Veillon" and the "Herder Prize" for his work.

Petar Kočić (1877-1916)

The Bosnian-Serbian author treated the Bosnian mountains in literary terms.

Aleksa Šantić (1868-1924)

Aleksa Šantić was a Bosnian-Serbian writer.

Mehmedalija "Meša" Selimović (1910 - 1982)

This writer is considered one of the most important Serbian authors of the 20th century. His written dialect still dominates the contemporary Bosnian language.

Antun Branko Šimić (1898 - 1925)

This expressionist poet from Bosnia and Herzegovina was born in 1898. With his works he is considered one of the most important Croatian authors.


Sergej Barbarez (born 1971)

Bosnian national soccer player. He has played in the Bundesliga since 1996; first for Hansa Rostock, from 1998 for Borussia Dortmund and since 2000 for Hamburger SV.

Marijan Beneš (born 1951)

This former Yugoslav boxer was born in Bosnia and Herzegovina and is still considered to be one of the best of his sport in Yugoslavia.

Dražen Dalipagić (born 1951)

The native of Mostar, Bosnian basketball player was one of the dominant players of the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Hasan Salihamidžic (born 1977)

Bosnian national soccer player. He has played in the Bundesliga with Hamburger SV since 1992 and with Bayern Munich since 1998.

More people

Mersad Berber (19402012)

Mersad Berber was a Bosnian painter and a founding member of the Academy of Arts in Sarajevo. He celebrated great successes especially since 1965.

Gabrijel Jurkić (1886 - 1974)

The Croatian artist, born in Livno in 1886, has a gallery dedicated to him in his hometown and in the Museum of Contemporary Art in Zagreb. In 1993 his likeness appeared on a special stamp.

Gavrilo (Gavre) Princip (1894-1914)

A Bosnian Serb who carried out an assassination attempt on the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne Franz-Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo. This triggered the Austrian retaliation and led to the beginning of the First World War.

Ivan Straus (1928-2018)

Ivan Štraus was a Bosnian architect. He was one of the most important architects of Yugoslavia in the period after the Second World War. Since the 1980s he was a member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the author of "Architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1945-1995". The Aviation Museum in Belgrade came from him, among others.






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