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Bulgaria: Political System

Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic. At the head of the state is a president who is directly elected by the people every five years. The parliament consists of 240 members who are elected every four years. The head of government is a prime minister elected by parliament.

Bulgaria: Political System

According to, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Bulgaria

National anthem

The national anthem of Bulgaria was written and set to music by Tsvetan Tsvetkov Radoslavov in 1885. It became the country's official anthem in 1964.

In the English translation it reads:

Proud Balkans,

the Danube shines blue,

the sun shines on Thrace,

glows over the Pirin.Refrain:

Dear home,

you are paradise on earth,

your beauty, your grace,

oh, they are infinite.

National flag

The national flag (national flag) of Blgarien was introduced in its present form for the first time on April 16, 1879 and lasted until 1944. In 1947 the national coat of arms was inserted in the upper left corner. It was returned to its old form from 1879 on November 27, 1990. The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of the same size: white above, green in the middle and red below.

Based on flag descriptions by, these colors are interpreted as follows:

- White stands for freedom and peace

- Green symbolizes the fertility and nature of Bulgaria

- Red for the blood that was shed in the struggle for freedom.

Bulgaria flag and coat of arms

Bulgaria: Known People

Architects and builders

  • Christo Vasilev Anastasov (born 1913), architect
  • Ivan Avramov (born 1918), architect

Visual artist

  • Christo (born 1935), packaging artist. Among other things, Christo packed the Reichstag in Berlin in 1995.
  • Jules Pascin (1885-1930), expressionist painter
  • Svetlin Valchev Russev (born 1933), painter
  • Thomir Manolow (born 1959), painter.

    Manolow had exhibited his works in numerous galleries, for example in 2007 at Galerie 188 in Berlin

Musician (singer)

  • Wassil Boschinow (born 1888), composer
  • Yuri Boukoff (1923-2006), pianist
  • Vasil Atanas Bozinov (1888-1966), Czechoslovak composer of Bulgarian origin.
  • Boris Christow (1914-1993), bass
  • Nikolai Ghiaurov (1929-2004), singer and bassist
  • Nicola Ghiuselev (Nikola Gjusselew) (1936-2014), bass
  • Dragomir Josifow (born 1966), composer, conductor and pianist
  • Aleksandar Jossifow (born 1940), composer
  • Peter Zwetkoff (born 1925), composer. Zwetkoff has lived and worked in Germany since 1954.
  • Ludmilla Lucy Diakovska (born 1976), singer. She was the singer of the group No Angels.
  • Gena Dimitrova (1941-2005), opera singer
  • Atanas Kareev (born 1945), pianist
  • Wesselina Kassarowa (born 1965), soprano singer
  • Asparuch "Ari" Leschnikoff (1897-1978), tenor singer of the Berlin Comedian Harmonists
  • Alexandrina Milcheva-Nonova (born 1936), mezzo-soprano
  • Iwo Ibrjama Papasow (born 1952), clarinetist
  • Spas Wenkoff (1928-2013), Bulgarian-Austrian tenor
  • Anna Tomowa-Sintow (born 1941), soprano singer

Politicians and rulers

  • Simeon I (864-927), Tsar of the Danube Bulgarians from 893 to 927.
  • Boris I (died 907), first Christian Khan of Bulgaria from 852 to 889.
  • Alexander I (1857-1893), Prince of Bulgaria.
  • Ferdinand I (1861-1948), Prince and Tsar of Bulgaria.
  • Boris III (1894-1943), King of Bulgaria.
  • Simeon II (born 1937), last Bulgarian tsar and Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.
  • Todor Christow Schiwkow (1911-1998) He was head of state of Bulgaria and first secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party from 1954 until his forced resignation in 1989.
  • Georgi Parvanov (born 1957), Bulgarian President since 2002.
  • Sergei Stanishev (born 1966), Bulgarian Prime Minister since 2005.
  • Schelju Mitew Schelew (born 1935), philosopher and from 1990 to 1997 President of Bulgaria.

Writer and poet

  • Ivan Vasov (1850-1921), poet. Vosov is revered as the most important poet in Bulgaria. His best-known work is the novel "Under the Yoke".
  • Dimitré Dinev (born 1968), writer.
  • Cristo Radewski (1903-1988), writer and translator.

Actors, directors

  • Dimiter Gotscheff (born 1943), theater director. He was engaged at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin for the 2005/2006 season.
  • Stanislaw Janewski (born 1985), actor. He played the role of Viktor Krum in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire.
  • Hristo Jivkov (born 1975), actor. He played, among others, the favorite disciple of Christ, John in Mel Gibson's "The Passion of Christ".


  • Jordanka Donkowa (born 1961), track and field athlete. In 1988 she set the world record in the 100-meter hurdles.
  • Stefka Kostadinowa (born 1965), athlete. She became the 1996 Olympic champion in high jump.
  • Ginka Sagortschewa (born 1958), athlete.
  • Antoaneta Stefanowa (born 1979), chess master. She became world champion in 2004.
  • Wesselin Topalow (born 1975), chess master. He won the FIDE World Cup in 2005.
  • Jekaterina Dafowska (born 1975), biathlete. She won gold over 15 km at the 1998 Winter Olympics and bronze at the 1995 and 1997 World Championships.
  • Albena Denkowa (born 1974), figure skater.
  • Maria Grosdewa (born 1972), marksman. She won the gold medal at the 2000 Olympic Games and at the 2004 Summer Olympic Games with the sport pistol at the 25 m distance.
  • Daisy Lang (born 1972), boxer. She is the world bantamweight boxing champion.
  • Maxim Stawiski (born 1977), figure skater.
  • Christo Stoitschkov (born 1966), football player.
  • Dimitar Berbatov (born 1981), football player.
  • Krassimir Balakov (born 1966), football player.

Theologians, clergymen and philosophers

  • Paisij Chilendarski (1722-1773), monk and historian. He wrote a famous work on Slavic-Bulgarian history.
  • Peter Konstantinow Danow (1864-1944), mystic and founder of the "Universal White Brotherhood" religious community.
  • Julia Kristeva (born 1941), philosopher, psychoanalyst and writer.

More people

  • Christo Botev (1848-1876), revolutionary and poet. Botev significantly influenced the discussion about the liberation of Bulgaria.
  • Vassil Levski (1837-1873), freedom fighter. He organized the freedom movement against the Ottoman Empire.
  • Georgi Rakovski (1821-1867), revolutionary and poet. He fought for the independence of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire.
  • Georgi Ivanov (born 1940), first Bulgarian cosmonaut.






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