Bulgaria: Political System
Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic. At the head of the state is a president
who is directly elected by the people every five years. The parliament consists
of 240 members who are elected every four years. The head of government is a
prime minister elected by parliament.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
The national anthem of Bulgaria was written and set to music by Tsvetan
Tsvetkov Radoslavov in 1885. It became the country's official anthem in 1964.
In the English translation it reads:
the Danube shines blue,
the sun shines on Thrace,
glows over the Pirin.Refrain:
you are paradise on earth,
your beauty, your grace,
oh, they are infinite.
The national flag (national flag) of Blgarien was introduced in its present
form for the first time on April 16, 1879 and lasted until 1944. In 1947 the
national coat of arms was inserted in the upper left corner. It was returned to
its old form from 1879 on November 27, 1990. The flag consists of three
horizontal stripes of the same size: white above, green in the middle and red
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, these colors are interpreted as follows:
- White stands for freedom and peace
- Green symbolizes the fertility and nature of Bulgaria
- Red for the blood that was shed in the struggle for freedom.
Bulgaria: Known People
Architects and builders
- Christo Vasilev Anastasov (born 1913), architect
- Ivan Avramov (born 1918), architect
- Wassil Boschinow (born 1888), composer
- Yuri Boukoff (1923-2006), pianist
- Vasil Atanas Bozinov (1888-1966), Czechoslovak composer
of Bulgarian origin.
- Boris Christow (1914-1993), bass
- Nikolai Ghiaurov (1929-2004), singer
- Nicola Ghiuselev (Nikola Gjusselew) (1936-2014), bass
- Dragomir Josifow (born 1966), composer, conductor and
- Aleksandar Jossifow (born 1940), composer
- Peter Zwetkoff (born 1925), composer. Zwetkoff has
lived and worked in Germany since 1954.
- Ludmilla Lucy Diakovska (born 1976), singer. She was
the singer of the group No Angels.
- Gena Dimitrova (1941-2005), opera singer
- Atanas Kareev (born 1945), pianist
- Wesselina Kassarowa (born 1965), soprano singer
- Asparuch "Ari" Leschnikoff (1897-1978),
tenor singer of the Berlin Comedian Harmonists
- Alexandrina Milcheva-Nonova (born 1936), mezzo-soprano
- Iwo Ibrjama Papasow (born 1952), clarinetist
- Spas Wenkoff (1928-2013), Bulgarian-Austrian tenor
- Anna Tomowa-Sintow (born 1941), soprano singer
Politicians and rulers
- Simeon I (864-927), Tsar of the Danube Bulgarians from
893 to 927.
- Boris I (died 907), first Christian Khan of Bulgaria
from 852 to 889.
- Alexander I (1857-1893), Prince of Bulgaria.
- Ferdinand I (1861-1948), Prince and Tsar of Bulgaria.
- Boris III (1894-1943), King of Bulgaria.
- Simeon II (born 1937), last Bulgarian tsar and Prime
Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.
- Todor Christow Schiwkow (1911-1998)
He was head of state of Bulgaria and first secretary of the Bulgarian
Communist Party from 1954 until his forced resignation in 1989.
- Georgi Parvanov (born 1957), Bulgarian President since
- Sergei Stanishev (born 1966), Bulgarian Prime Minister
- Schelju Mitew Schelew (born 1935), philosopher and from
1990 to 1997 President of Bulgaria.
Writer and poet
- Ivan Vasov (1850-1921), poet. Vosov is revered as the
most important poet in Bulgaria. His best-known work is the novel "Under the
- Dimitré Dinev (born 1968), writer.
- Cristo Radewski (1903-1988), writer and translator.
- Dimiter Gotscheff (born 1943), theater director. He was
engaged at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin for the 2005/2006 season.
- Stanislaw Janewski (born 1985), actor. He played the
role of Viktor Krum in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire.
- Hristo Jivkov (born 1975), actor. He played, among
others, the favorite disciple of Christ, John in Mel Gibson's "The Passion
- Jordanka Donkowa (born 1961), track and field
athlete. In 1988 she set the world record in the 100-meter hurdles.
- Stefka Kostadinowa (born 1965), athlete. She became the
1996 Olympic champion in high jump.
- Ginka Sagortschewa (born 1958), athlete.
- Antoaneta Stefanowa (born 1979), chess master. She
became world champion in 2004.
- Wesselin Topalow (born 1975), chess master. He won the
FIDE World Cup in 2005.
- Jekaterina Dafowska (born 1975), biathlete. She won
gold over 15 km at the 1998 Winter Olympics and bronze at the 1995 and 1997
- Albena Denkowa (born 1974), figure skater.
- Maria Grosdewa (born 1972), marksman. She won the gold
medal at the 2000 Olympic Games and at the 2004 Summer Olympic Games with
the sport pistol at the 25 m distance.
- Daisy Lang (born 1972), boxer. She is the world
bantamweight boxing champion.
- Maxim Stawiski (born 1977), figure skater.
- Christo Stoitschkov (born 1966), football player.
- Dimitar Berbatov (born 1981), football player.
- Krassimir Balakov (born 1966), football player.
Theologians, clergymen and philosophers
- Paisij Chilendarski (1722-1773), monk and historian. He
wrote a famous work on Slavic-Bulgarian history.
- Peter Konstantinow Danow (1864-1944), mystic and
founder of the "Universal White Brotherhood" religious community.
- Julia Kristeva (born 1941), philosopher, psychoanalyst
- Christo Botev (1848-1876), revolutionary and
poet. Botev significantly influenced the discussion about the liberation of
- Vassil Levski (1837-1873), freedom fighter. He
organized the freedom movement against the Ottoman Empire.
- Georgi Rakovski (1821-1867), revolutionary and poet. He
fought for the independence of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire.
- Georgi Ivanov (born 1940), first Bulgarian cosmonaut.