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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso: Political System

Burkina Faso is a parliamentary democracy. The unicameral parliament consists of 111 members who are elected every five years. The head of state is directly elected every seven years.

Burkina Faso: Political System

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

République Démocratique du Burkina Faso

Democratic Republic of Burkina Faso

National anthem

Une Seule Nuit (One Single Night) has been the national anthem of Burkina Faso since 1984. The text was written by the then President of the country, Thomas Sankara. The composer of the hymn is unknown.

In French In the English translation
Contre la férule humiliante il ya déjà mille ans,

La rapacité venue de loin les asservir il ya cent ans.

Contre la cynique malice métamorphosée

En néocolonialisme et ses petits servants locaux

Beaucoup flanchèrent et certains résistèrent.

Mais les échecs, les succès,

la sueur, le sang

Ont fortifié notre peuple courageux

et fertilisé sa lutte héroïque.refrainEt une seule nuit a rassemblée en elle

L'histoire de tout un peuple.

Et une seule nuit a déclenché sa marche triomphale

verse l'horizon du bonheur.

Une seule nuit a réconcilié notre peuple

Avec tous les peuples du monde,

A la conquête de la liberté et du progrès

La patrie ou la mort, nous vaincrons.Nourris à la source vive de la révolution,

Les engagés volontaires de la liberté et de la paix

Dans l'énergie nocturne et salutaire du 4 août

N'avaient pas que les armes à la main mais aussi et surtout

La flamme au coeur pour légitimement libérer

Le Faso à jamais des fers de tous ceux qui,

Cà et là en polluaient l'âme sucrée

De l'indépendance de la souveraineté

refrain

Et séant désormais en sa dignité recouvrée

L'amour et l'honneur en partage avec l'humanité

Le peuple de Burkina chante un hymne à la victoire

A la gloire du travail libérateur, émancipateur

A bas l'exploitation de l'homme par l ' homme,

hé! en avant pour le bonheur de tout homme

Par tous les hommes aujourd'hui et demain

Par tous les hommes ici et pour toujours.

refrain

Révolution populaire nôtre, sève nourricière

Maternité immortelle de progrès à visage d'homme

Foyer éternel de démocratie consensuelle

Où enfin l'identité nationale a droit de cité

Où pour toujours l'injustice perd ses quartiers

Et où des mains des bâtisseurs

Mûrissent partout les moissons des vœux patriotiques

Brillent les soleils infinis de joie.

refrain

Against the humiliating fetter for a thousand years,

And the predatory greed that has come from afar, in

order to enslave them for a hundred years.

Against the cynical malice in the form of

neocolonialism and its little accomplices.

Many backed off, and certain others resisted.

But the disappointments, the successes, the sweat, the blood

have strengthened our courageous people

and strengthened them in their heroic struggle.refrainAnd a single night has united

the history of an entire people.

And one night has set in motion its triumphant march

Towards the horizon of happiness.

Our people united in a single night

With all the peoples of the earth

In search of freedom and progress,

fatherland or death, we will win.Nourished by the vividly flowing spring of the revolution,

the volunteer fighters for freedom

and peace and with the healing willpower of August 4th

only had their weapons in hand, but above all fire in their hearts to

rightly defeat the Faso to free

and forever free

from their chains all those whose souls strived for independence and sovereignty.

refrain

And from now on, living in their regained dignity,

charity and honor, united with humanity,

the people of Burkina sing a hymn to victory,

to the glory of the struggle for freedom and emancipation.

Down with the exploitation of man by man

and forward to happiness for all people,

all people today and tomorrow, all people here and forever.

refrain

Our revolution of the people, eternal source of strength

and mother of progress in the face of man,

eternal and undisputed refuge of democracy,

where national identity finally has its seat,

where injustice forever loses its place

and where everywhere from the hands of the builders of a shining one World

ripen the harvests of all the people's wishes

and the sun shines forever with joy.

refrain

National flag

The national flag (country flag) of Burkina Faso was officially introduced on August 4, 1984. Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the colors of the flag are interpreted as follows:

- Red stands for the blood that was shed on the fighters of the revolution

- Green stands for the agricultural wealth of the country

- The yellow star leads the democratic people's revolution into a bright future

Burkina Faso flag and coat of arms

Burkina Faso: Known People

Politicians and rulers

Joseph Ki-Zerbo (born 1922), historian and politician

He was honored with the Alternative Nobel Prize in 1997 for his work as a historian and his analysis of the problems of the African continent.

Bernard Lédéa Ouédraogo (born 1930), activist and politician

To support the rural population, he founded the Naam movement (agricultural development support on the basis of self-help) in Burkina Faso honored with the "Africa Prize for Leadership for the Sustainable End of Hunger" and in 1990 with the Alternative Nobel Prize.

Thomas Sankara (1949 to 1987), fifth President of Burkina Faso

The socialist-oriented politician, who was murdered in a military coup, was known as the "Che Guevara of Africa". He gave the country the name Burkina Faso ("Land of the Righteous"), from him the new national flag and the text of the national anthem come. During his reign he tried, among other things, to improve the status of women in the country, for example banning the circumcision of girls, opposing polygamy and advocating contraception.

Actors, directors

Idrissa Ouédraogo (born 1954), director

Pierre Yaméogo (born 1955), director

Gaston Kaboré (born 1951), director

Dani Kouyaté (born 1961), filmmaker

Fanta Régina Nacro (born 1962), filmmaker

Burkina Faso: animals

Mammals

Especially in the east and south-east of Burkina Faso, with luck, you can meet large animals such as elephants, hippos, buffalo and various antelope species in the wild.

Lions, leopards and hyenas still live in the wildlife parks. The smaller mammals include aardvarks and the kaphase, which belongs to the rabbit family and prefers dry and open habitats such as grasslands and semi-deserts.

Reptiles

At rivers you should definitely keep an eye on your surroundings, as crocodiles make the banks and waters unsafe here.

Snakes (not poisonous)

Widely used is the python, which mainly by notice that he curls up in case of danger into a ball and hence the name "Ball Python" has received.

This python is relatively small and measures around 1.5 m on average - in rare cases 2 m.

The animal is not considered aggressive. It is also only active at night and often looks for its prey "underground" in the burrows of rodents and other mammals. But in contrast to most snakes, he does not flee in case of danger, but rolls up to a kind of ball so that his head and bulwark come to rest within this ball. This behavior has earned him the name "ball python", especially in English. For reproduction, the animal only lays 5 to 10 eggs, which, well hidden, incubate for about 90 days. The then hatched young have a size of approx. 40 cm.

Birds

Frequently represented bird species are the bee-eater, racket, bunting, starling, golden sparrow and the bluebird. Ouagadougou Park in central Burkina Faso is definitely worth a visit if you are interested in birds.

Here you can see the spore cuckoo, the Senegal racket, the scarlet shrike and the Lanner falcon.

insects

The most dangerous insect, the tsetse - and Simuliumfliegen in river areas, as the first carrier of sleeping sickness and the other responsible for river blindness. Locusts also appear in swarms at irregular intervals, which is a major nuisance for agriculture.

Burkina Faso: plants

One of the biggest environmental problems in Burkina Faso is the encroachment of the desert, which is favored not least by the droughts of recent years as well as by the deforestation of trees, slash and burn and overgrazing.

Trees

Much of the landscape consists of a semi-desert and the thorn savannah with only a very sparse tree population, which is mainly represented by baobabs, which are also known as baobabs. This tree with its strikingly shaped trunk and silver-gray bark belongs to the wool tree family and can live up to 1000 years. Furthermore, it is characterized by its cucumber-shaped and wood-skinned fruits as well as fatty seeds.

The baobab can store up to 5000 liters of water in the dry season, but then it loses all of its leaves in order to protect itself from excessive evaporation and thus from dying of thirst. To the south, the savannah merges into the forest, but most of it has already been cut down. Here the wet savannah with acacias predominates and on the coast mangrove swamps dominate the landscape.

Crops

The most important crops include cotton and peanuts, but sugar cane, sweet potatoes and cassavas are also increasingly grown. The latter is also known as manioc or bread root. The plant belongs to the milkweed family, grows up to 3 m high, has a bushy habit and greenish-yellow flowers. The starchy, up to 8 cm thick and up to 90 cm long tubers are used. All parts of the plant contain a toxin that is destroyed by washing out and exposure to heat. This makes the cassava palatable. A tree of particular importance is the shea tree, also known as the shea tree.

It occurs exclusively in the sub-Sahel zone, a strip of vegetation that extends from Mali via Burkina Faso to Ghana, Togo and Benin. The kernels of the nuts of the 10-15 m high tree, the so-called shea nuts, are traditionally used. They are used for the production of edible fat and especially for the production of skin care products such as shea butter. The harvest of the precious nuts is a woman's business and an important event that is celebrated. Another source of income is rice and grain cultivation and tobacco cultivation.

More plants

The north of the country is known as the Sahelian area, which is dominated by grasses, thorn bushes, shrubs and thorn trees. Further south, the savannah dominates the landscape with thorns and succulents. The latter are plants that have adapted to the dry climate by regressing organs such as leaves to counteract excessive evaporation and storing water in other organs such as the trunk.

 

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