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Djibouti

Djibouti: Political System

Djibouti is a presidential republic. The unicameral parliament, the National Assembly, has 65 members (of which 33 are Issa and 32 Afar), who are elected every five years. The direct election of the head of state takes place every six years.

Djibouti: Political System

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Djibouti

Gumhuriyya Gibuti

République de Djibouti

National anthem

The Djibouti national anthem was officially introduced in 1977.

The text is by Aden Elmi (born 1950), the music was composed by Abdi Robleh (born 1945).

In the English translation

In the original text In the English translation
Hinjinne u sara kaca

Calankaan harraad iyo

Haydaar u mudateen.Hir cagaarku qariyayiyo

Habkay samadu tahayoo

Xiddig dhi igleh hoorshoo

Caddaan lagu hadheeyaay.

Maxaa haybad kugu yaal!

Stand up with power because we have hoisted our flag

The flag that has cost us a lot of thirst and pain. Our flag, the color of which is the eternal green of the earth,

the blue of the sky,

the white, the color of peace

and in the middle the red star of blood.

Oh our flag, what a glorious sight!

National flag

The flag of Djibouti was first hoisted on June 27, 1977, when Djibouti gained independence from metropolitan France. The flag consists of two horizontal stripes of equal size, the top blue and the bottom green. The stripes are interrupted on the left edge by a white isosceles triangle with a red five-pointed star.

Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the colors of the flag are interpreted as follows, although there are other interpretations:

- Blue is the traditional color of the Issa

- Green is the traditional color of the Afar

- The white triangle stands for peace and the red star symbolizes the unity of the five districts of the Country.

Djibouti flag and coat of arms

Djibouti: animals

As in other dry regions in Africa, gazelles, antelopes, zebras, hyenas, warthogs and jackals live in Djibouti. You can also see ostriches, Nile varans and kudu here.

A special feature are the peaceful and herbivorous whale sharks that also occur close to the coast and are always a great experience for divers. Domesticated animals include goats, camels and sheep.

The Abbe Lake in the southwest is known for the numerous ibises, pelicans and especially flamingos that occur here.

The Abbe Lake (Lac Abbé) is a salt lake that lies on the border of Ethiopia and Djibouti. Of the area of 340 km², 110 km² are in Djibouti.

It is part of a chain of six interconnected lakes. The other lakes are listed from north to south: Gargori, Laitali, Gummare, Bario and Afambo. The river Awash flows into the outflowless Abbe Lake. Lake Abbe is the center of the Afar Depression, where three tectonic plates meet.

Djibouti: plants

Due to the low rainfall, most of the country is covered by thorn bush savannahs, semi and full deserts, where the grasses and shrubs typical of the desert are at home. Some succulent species are adapted to the rain-free area and can store water in their parts of the plant, such as cacti. They can be found, for example, together with thorn trees on the slopes of Mousa Alli. Acacias, thujas, juniper bushes, wild figs and olive trees are only found at heights above 1,200 m. Many of the otherwise disappeared plant species still grow in the Forêt du Day nature park. Mangrove forests can also be found on the coast and smaller forest areas in the mountains.

 

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