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Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic: Political System

The Dominican Republic has been a presidential republic since 1966. The parliament is a bicameral system. It consists of the House of Representatives (150 members) and the Senate (32 members). The president is elected directly every 4 years.

Dominican Republic: Political System

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

Dominican Republic

National anthem

The national anthem of the Dominican Republic was written by Emilio Prud'homme (1856-1932) and set to music by José Reyés. It became the country's official anthem in 1897. The national anthem is played every day at 12:00 on all radio stations in the country.

In Spanish In English translation
Quisqueyanos valientes, alcemos

Nuestro canto con viva emoción,

Y del mundo a la faz ostentemos

Nuestro invicto glorioso pendón.

¡Salve el pueblo que intrépido y fuerte,

A la guerra a morir se lanzó

Cuando en bélico reto de muerte

Sus cadenas de esclavo rompió.

Ningun pueblo ser libre merece

Si es esclavo indolente y servil;

Si en su pecho la llama no crece

Que templó el heroismo viril.

Mas Quisqueya la indómita y brava

Siempre altiva la frente alzará:

Que si fuere mil veces esclava

Otras tantas ser libre sabrá.

Brave Quisqueyans, let us

sing Our song with a proud emotion,

And let us show the face of the world

Our undefeated and glorious banner.

Hail to the people who went bold and strong

to war and died!

For under the warlike threat of death

, the chains of slavery were stripped off.

No country deserves to be free,

That is an indifferent and submissive slave,

And if there is no cry in its chest,

Refined by male heroism.

But the brave and indomitable Quisqueya

will always stand with its head held high:

And if it were enslaved a thousand times,

it would fight for freedom again just as often.

National flag

The national flag (country flag) of the Dominican Republic comes from the flag of the secret revolutionary society La Trinitaria. This company, founded and run by Juan Pablo Duarte in 1838, liberated the Dominican Republic from the rule of Haiti. This freedom flag was later given a solid cross. On November 6, 1844, the blue and red rectangles at the end of the flag were changed and the current design was officially established. Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the colors of the flags symbolize the following: - Red represents the blood of the people who were shed in the struggle for freedom - Blue symbolizes everlasting freedom - The white cross stands in memory of the La Trinitaria society. In the coat of arms of the flag there is a cross and a Bible. It is the only national flag in the world with a Bible.

Dominican Republic flag and coat of arms

Dominican Republic: Known People

Musician

  • Manny Albam (1922-2001), jazz musician.
  • Michel Camilo (born 1954), pianist and composer.
  • Juan Luis Guerra (born 1957), merengue musician.

Politicians and rulers

  • Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo (1906-2002), President of the Dominican Republic from 1966 to 1978 and 1986 to 1996.
  • Juan Emilio Bosch Gaviño (1909-2001), President of the Dominican Republic from 1963 to 1965.
  • Leonel Antonio Fernández Reyna (born 1953), President of the Dominican Republic from 1996 to 2000 and in office since 2004.
  • Rafael Hipólito Mejía Domínguez (born 1941), President of the Dominican Republic from 2000 to 2004.
  • Dr. Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (1891-1961), dictator of the Dominican Republic from 1930 to 1938 and from 1942 to 1952

Writer and poet

  • Manuel del Cabral (1907-1999), writer. He was awarded the Premio Nacional de Literatura in 1992.
  • Emilio Prud'homme (1856-1932) (1856-1932). The text of the national anthem of the Dominican Republic comes from him.

Actors, directors

  • Nelson de la Rosa (born 1968), short actor.

Others

  • Juan Pablo Duarte (1813-1876), freedom fighter on the island of Hispaniola against the Spanish occupation.
  • François-Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture (around 1743-1803), freedom fighter of African origin and Dominican national hero.

Theologians, clergymen and philosophers

  • Octavio Antonio Cardinal Beras Rojas (1906-1990), Archbishop of Santo Domingo from 1961.
  • Nicolás de Jesús Cardinal López Rodríguez (born 1936), Archbishop of Santo Domingo since 1981.

 

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