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Easter Island

Easter Island: Political System

Easter Island is part of Chile and a region of Chile that is a republic and a presidential democracy.

Easter Island: Political System

The island belongs to the fifth region of Chile with Valparaiso as its capital.

The island's governor has been a local since 1984. The chamber with six members is elected every four years, from which a chairman is elected.

The islanders have Chilean citizenship.

The indigenous people are striving for the Easter Island to become an independent region, but no taxes are currently paid on the Easter Island and the Chilean state is transferring a lot of money to the small archipelago, which could change with independence and self-government. Independence would therefore be dearly paid under certain circumstances.

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the archipelago is:

Easter Island

National anthem

The national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a text that is intended to express the state or national feeling of a country. It is usually played on special festive occasions, such as state visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders, etc. The introduction of the national anthems goes back to the end of the 18th and early 19th centuries those of Chile, "Paro, Chile".

In Spanish

Ha cesado la lucha sangrienta;

Ya es hermano el que ayer invasor;

De tres siglos lavamos la afrenta

Combatiendo en el vambo de honor. El que ayer doblegábase esclavo

Libre al fin y triunfante se ve;

Libertad es la herencia del bravo,

La Victoria se humilla a sus pies.Alza, Chile, sin mancha la frente;

Conquistaste tu nombre en la lid;

Siempre noble, constante y valiente

Te Finderaron los hijos del Cid. Que tus libres tranquilos coronen

A las artes, la industria y la paz,

Y de triunfos cantares entonen

Que amedrenten al déspota audaz.

Vuestros nombres, valientes soldados,

Que habéis sido de Chile el sostén,

Nuestros pechos los Ilevan grabados;

Los sabrán nuestros hijos tambien. Sean ellos el grito de muerte

Que lancemos marchando a lidiar,

Y sonano en la boca del fuerte

Hugan siempre al tirano remblar.

Si pretende el cañón extranjero

Nuestros pueblos osado invadir;

Desnudemos al punto el acero

Y sepamos vencer o morir. Con su sangre el altivo araucano

Nos legó por herencia el valor;

Y no tiembla la espanda en la mano

Defendiendo de Chile el honor.

Puro, Chile, es tu cielo azulado,

Puras brisas te cruzan también,

y tu campo de flores bordado

Es la copia feliz del Edén. Majestuosa es la blanca montaña

Que te dio por baluarte el Señor,

Y ese mar que tranquilo te baña

Te Promete futuro esplendor.

Esas galas, oh, Patria !, esas flores

Que tapizan tu suelo feraz,

No las pisen jamás invasores;

Con tu sombra las cubra la paz. Nuestros pechos serán tu baluarte,

Con tu nombre sabremos vencer,

O tu noble, glorioso estandarte,

Nos verá combatiendo caer.

refrain

Dulce Patria, recibe los votos

Con que Chile en tus aras juró

Que o la tumba serás des los libres

O el asilo contra la Opresión.

National flag

Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the national flag of Easter Island is that of Chile.

Easter Island flag and coat of arms

Easter Island: Famous People

Natural scientist

Thor Heyerdahl (1914-2002), a Norwegian anthropologist. With his expedition on the Kon-Tiki raft in 1947, he tried to prove that the Polynesians came from Latin America and conquered the island with such rafts. In 1956 he also carried out excavations at the Rano Raraku quarry and found that some statues were intended to remain near the quarry.

Easter Island: animals

Mammals

The larger mammals are limited to domestic animals such as horses, pigs, cattle, and sheep. There are also two European rat species.

Reptiles

Lizards are the main reptiles on the island. There are no poisonous snakes or other poisonous or dangerous animals on Easter Island. Neither do non-poisonous snakes live here

Birds

The nesting seabirds include frigate birds, shearwater species, as well as gannets, black terns and common terns.

The bristle curlew from the snipe family also overwinters on Easter Island, among other places. However, there are only a few of these animals here. They grow to about 17 inches tall, with the males being slightly smaller. Males can also be recognized by their narrower, darker and more downward-curved beak. The bristle-like shaft extensions of the leg springs gave it its name. These birds can live up to 25 years and are real flight artists. To get to their winter quarters, they fly thousands of kilometers without a break. They are mainly found on streams, meadows, beaches and swamps. In addition to insects and spiders, their diet also includes snails and land crabs.

Insects, mollusks

The Cypraea englerti is an endemic species of cowrie shell that is only found off Easter Island and on the uninhabited island of Sala y Gomez.

There are no disease-carrying mosquitoes, which are widespread in South America, on the island.

Underwater world

Deep sea fish dominate the marine fauna. One often has the opportunity to observe sperm whales. Of course, there are numerous species of sharks, dolphins and tuna - to name just a few.

Easter Island: plants

Short notice

The original vegetation on Easter Island is barely left. There is evidence that palm forests once ruled the island. However, these fell victim to numerous clearings.

Trees

The toromiro tree, a type of mimosa, has now become extinct. It was of great ritual importance for the indigenous people. Its wood was used to make cult carvings.

Parts of the island have been afforested with eucalyptus since the beginning of the 20th century. This tree is used not only for logging, but also for draining swamps.

Useful plants

The Totora reed is one of the few examples of original vegetation on Easter Island. It grows in colonies on the Rano-Raraku crater lakes. The reeds are 2-3 m high and represent an extremely important habitat for fish and birds. The indigenous people used it to build houses. It is also native from the United States to Argentina and Chile, and Hawaii and the Cook Islands.

Mainly potatoes, yams, sweet potatoes and taro are grown. The latter is an integral part of the local diet. This bulbous plant belongs to the arum family and forms perennial, up to 2 m high bushes with upright growth. Their heart-shaped leaves are dark green with a fine white coating and often have a diameter of 60 cm. The tuberous, thickened roots are mainly used, and are prepared like potatoes. Young taro leaves are also used as vegetables.

Sugar cane and tropical fruits such as bananas are also among the island's crops.

Medicinal plants

The eucalyptus tree is also known under the names fever tree and blue gum tree. It belongs to the myrtle family, grows very quickly and reaches a size of up to 6 m. Typical of the tree with the reddish to light brown bark are the older, drooping, leather-like leaves up to 20 cm long. Both the dried leaves and the essential oil are used as remedies. It promotes expectoration, relaxes cramps and, when applied locally, promotes blood circulation. Therefore, the eucalyptus is used externally as an oil for colds of the respiratory tract and for rheumatic complaints.

Poisonous plants

Rarely do symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea occur during treatment with eucalyptus leaves. Internal use of larger amounts of the essential oil can lead to inflammation in the gastrointestinal area and in the biliary tract. Severe liver disease can also occur. Externally, the oil should not be used on the face of young children and infants.

Other and introduced plants

Large areas of grass are the main vegetation on Easter Island. Guava bushes are mainly found in the southwest of the island.

Although the coconut palm was not originally found on the island, you can still admire a palm grove of this type of palm near Anakena.

The eucalyptus tree originally comes from South Australia and Tasmania, but is planted in numerous subtropical countries.

 

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