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Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea: Political System

Equatorial Guinea is a presidential republic. The unicameral parliament, the Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo), consists of 80 members who are elected every five years. The head of state is directly elected every seven years.

Equatorial Guinea: Political System

According to, the official name of the country is:

Republica de Guinea Equatorial

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

National anthem

Caminemos Pisando la Senda de Nuestra Inmensa Felicidad... has been the national anthem of Equatorial Guinea since 1968.

Text and music were written by Atanasio Ndongo Miyono.

In spanish language In the English translation
Caminemos pisando la senda

De nuestra inmensa felicidad.

En fraternidad, sin separación,

¡Cantemos Libertad!

Tras dos siglos de estar sometidos

Bajo la dominación colonial,

En fraterna unión, sin discriminar,

¡Cantemos Libertad!

¡Gritemos Viva, Libre Guinea,

Y defendamos nuestra Libertad.

Cantemos siempre, Libre Guinea,

Y conservemos siempre la unidad.

¡Gritemos Viva, Libre Guinea,

Y defendamos nuestra Libertad.

Cantemos siempre, Libre Guinea,

Y conservemos siempre la independencia nacional

Y conservemos, Y conservemos

La independencia nacional.

Let us take strong steps

on the way of our great joy

In brotherhood, without separation,

let us sing freedom!

After two centuries of being

subject to colonial rule;

In fraternal unity, without distinction,

let us sing freedom!

Let's shout out live, free Guinea !,

and let's defend our freedom!

Let us always sing, Free Guinea,

And let us always keep our unity.

Let's shout out live, Free Guinea !,

And let's defend our freedom,

Let's always sing, Free Guinea,

And let's keep national independence forever

And we get, and we get

National independence.

National flag

The national flag (country flag) of Equatorial Guinea. Based on flag descriptions by, the colors of the flag are interpreted as follows:

- Green stands for the natural treasures and the primeval forest of the country.

- White is supposed to symbolize peace.

- Red stands for the blood shed in the country's struggle for independence

- Blue symbolizes the waters of the Gulf of Guinea - part of the Atlantic Ocean.

In the middle is the country's coat of arms with a mangrove tree, six yellow stars and the inscription "Unidad Paz Justicia" (Unity, Peace, Justice).

Equatorial Guinea flag and coat of arms

Equatorial Guinea: animals


Equatorial Guinea has a very diverse fauna. You can find elephants (forest elephants), cheetahs and leopards here. Gorillas, chimpanzees, mandrills and lemurs live in the country's rainforests.

The rare okapis can also be found here, although their main distribution area is the Congo. The animals belong to the order of the artifacts. Despite their length of approx. 2.50 and a shoulder height of 1.50 with a weight of 250 kg, they are typical residents of the rainforest. Umbrella antelopes, forest buffalo and the bongo antelope also live here.


The cheetah is certainly one of the most fascinating big cats around. Therefore it should be presented here in more detail. When hunting, it reaches speeds of 100-120 kilometers per hour and is therefore the fastest mammal living on land. This top performance is also the reason why animals have been serving people for thousands of years. Even the ancient Egyptians used trained cheetahs for hunting, which is why they were given the name hunting leopard. And the Mughal emperor Akbar (1556-1605) is said to have kept to the 1,000 cheetahs trained to hunt deer, antelopes and gazelles. The cheetah becomes tame like a house cat and can be left unattended in the house and garden without any worries.


In the country you can find numerous small and large bird species, such as:

- Flamingos

- Jugglers

- Cranes

- Marabou

- Nectar birds

- Hornbills

- Parrots

- Ravens

- Herons

- Sea eagles

- Storks, including the rare saddle stork

Since the land lies by the sea, numerous sea birds live here, such as various species of seagulls and terns.

Reoptiles, snakes

Crocodiles live in the Monte Alén National Park.

The following snakes are found in Equatorial Guinea, the marked snakes are described in detail at Goruma. Most of the poisonous snakes that live here are particularly poisonous and a bite is an acute danger to life.


spitting cobra In addition to a neurotoxic (affecting the nervous system) poison, this cobra also has a tissue-destroying poison.

Besides that, it is the only African cobra that has this poison in large quantities.

A full bite has a high probability of death without professional help.

Rock python

The rock python is not a venomous snake. Since the animal living here can be between 2.50 and 4.50 m long, there is no greater danger for several people.

However, a single person could be bitten and surrounded and crushed to death without assistance. But a snake bite can cause significant injury - including infection.

Gaboon viper

The Gaboon viper is a massive looking venomous snake, which is not very eager to bite and is mostly inactive and well camouflaged on the ground. This laziness to bite particularly seduces the locals to be carefree with the animal, which eventually bites and then injects a very effective poison.

Curled water cobra

This cobra, also known as the banded water cobra, reaches a length between 150 cm and 270 cm.

It lives on the banks of rivers and lakes and feeds primarily on fish and frogs. Like almost all cobras, it has an effective poison that acts on the nervous system.

Common puff adder

This puff adder is one of 17 from the genus Bitis. It is a feared poisonous snake in Africa, which has a poison that destroys blood vessels. The snake reaches a length between 1.20 and 1.90 m.

Jamesons Mamba

The Jamesons Mamba, like three other species, belongs to the same genus (Dendroaspis) as the black and green mamba. It reaches a length between 2m and even 3.50m and has a leaf-green color. The tree and ground-dwelling snake feeds mainly on birds and small mammals.

They can also be found in parks near cities and in the country side of farms. The snake has a highly potent neurotoxic (affecting the nervous system) poison.

Without treatment with an antiserum, death is very likely.

Rhinoceros viper

The rhinoceros viper belongs to the pit otters. The snake has a length between 90 cm to 120 cm.

Its poison mainly affects blood clotting.

Senegal Cobra

This cobra from the genus of the real cobras (Naja) is very similar to the uraeus snake and its

venom is therefore similarly effective. The animal can reach a length of up to about eight feet.

Uraeus snake

The Uraeus snake, also known as the Egyptian cobra, is one of the most poisonous African snakes

. Cleopatra (69 BC to 30 BC) is said to have committed suicide with its help.


The mangroves are home to numerous fish, oysters, crabs and insects. But monkeys also live in the trees and the African manatee swims around here, as does the African softshell turtle. Many water birds breed in the mangroves, such as the mangrove heron or the sedge.

Equatorial Guinea: plants

The rainforest dominates the islands, while the mainland is dominated by jungle. Mangrove swamps can be found on the coast.

On Bioko, however, part of the tropical rainforest has been replaced by plantations.

On Annobón there are mainly oil and coconut trees. On Bioko, however, part of the tropical rainforest has been replaced by plantations. On Annobón there are mainly oil and coconut trees.

You can find various shrubs, ferns, lianas, bromeliads and orchids, mahogany trees and cola trees.






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