Greenland: Political System
Greenland is an autonomous region within the constitutional monarchy with a
parliamentary-democratic system of government Denmark.
Greenland is divided into three parts of the country, North Greenland (Avannaa),
East Greenland (Tunu) and West Greenland (Kitaa).
These in turn are divided into 18 municipalities, which are quite different in
size. Accordingly, the seats are distributed between 3-17 in the Municipal
Greenland and the EU
Although the Greenlanders voted against joining the EC in a referendum in 1972,
they had to join together with Denmark.
For a country that is almost 90% inhabited by the Inuit, who traditionally live
from fishing, it was an unbearable situation to have to submit to the
restrictions of the EC, especially with regard to fishing quotas.
After Greenland had been granted more autonomy by Denmark (Autonomy Statute or
Greenland Home Rules of 1979, hjemmestyrelove), Greenland broke away from the
then EC on February 1, 1985 after a referendum.
Greenland is a region within the constitutional monarchy with a
parliamentary-democratic system of government Denmark. Therefore the head of
state is the Danish queen or the Danish king.
At the head of the state is the prime minister, who, like the government,
Hjemmestyre, is elected every 4 years by parliament, Landesting.
Domestically, the Greenlanders have the option of adopting Danish laws due to
Foreign policy and defense are largely taken over by Denmark, with the exception
of representation in bodies in other Inuit regions.
Two directly elected MPs represent Greenland in the Danish Parliament.
The country is striving for further autonomy. If you want to be kept up-to-date
with current politics, read the official website of the Greenland Home
Greenland is a member of the Arctic Council. The Arctic Council is a
supraregional organization made up of the eight countries Canada, USA, Russia,
Iceland, Finland, Sweden, Denmark (Greenland) and Norway as well as
representatives of the arctic ethnic groups. The chair changes every two years.
The national anthem of Greenland was written by Henrik Lund (1875-1948) and
set to music by Jonathan Petersen (1891-1960).
In the original language
|In the original language
||In the English translation
utoqqarsuanngoravit niaqqut ulissimavoqq qiinik.
Qitornatit kissumiaannarpatit tunillugit sineriavit piinik.
Akullequtaastut merletutut ilinni perotugut tamaani
kalaallinik imminik taajumavugut niaqquit ataqqinartup saani.
Atortillugillu tamaasa pisit ingerlaniarusuleqaagut,
nutarterlugillu noqitsigisatit siumut, siumut piumaqaagut.
Inersimalersut ingerlanerat tungaalitsiterusuleqaarput, oqaatsit
"aviisit" qanoq kingunerat atussasoq erinigileqaarput.
Taqilluni naami atunngiveqaaq, kalaallit siumut makigitsi.
|Our country, you grew so old, your head is covered with white hair.
You held us, your children, in your lap and gave us the wealth of your
coasts.As middle children of the family we flourished here, Kalaallit,
we want to call ourselves that in the face of your proud and honorable
With a burning longing we develop what you give us, renew it,
remove your obstacles on our striving forwards, forwards.
of mature societies is our ardently pursued goal. We want to preserve
the impression of speech and writing.
Humility is not the course, Kalaallit, wake up and be proud!
A dignified life is our goal, take a valiant stand.
Based on flag descriptions by
the national flag of Greenland was designed by Greenlander Nikolaj Thue Søren Hans Christiansen, born in 1940, and was officially adopted
on June 21, 1985. The flag shows the sun, half sunken behind the horizon, which
is reflected in the sea. The colors indicate the centuries-old bond with
top-mba-universities for public holidays, sports events, UNESCO world heritage sites and major places to visit in Greenland.
Greenland: Known People
- Aka Hoegh, b. 1947, is currently the most famous
painter and sculptor in Greenland.
- Nikolaj Thue Søren Hans Christiansen, born on
February 25, 1940 in Maamorilik, is a Greenlandic artist and politician. He
designed the Greenland flag
- Christian Rosig, b. 1944, is a contemporary
sculptor who makes carvings.
- Ole Kristiansen, b. 1965, is a contemporary
- Rasmus Lyberth, b. 1951, is a contemporary
- Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen(June 7, 1879 to
December 21, 1933) was a well-known Greenland polar explorer and
anthropologist. He was born in Jakobshavn.
From the beginning of the 19th century he researched the Inuit culture.
He works with Leni Riefenstahl on her film SOS Eisberg.
He died of food poisoning after eating the Greenlandic specialty kivioq,
rotten seal meat.
- Fridjof Nansen(10.10.1861 to 13.5.1913). The
Norwegian successfully crossed Greenland on skis in 1888. In 1893 he made
the unsuccessful attempt to reach the North Pole by allowing himself to be
captured and drifted by the pack ice on the ship "Farm". The Norwegian polar
explorer received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922.
Writer and poet
- Mathias Storck(1883-1957), writer.
- Otto Sundgreen(1914-1999), writer.
Theologians, clergymen and philosophers
- Samuel Petrus Kleinschmidtwas born in Lichtenau,
today's Alluitsoq, in 1814. He made the first translation of the Bible into
One of the native mammals is undoubtedly the polar bear, which is also the
largest land carnivore on Greenland. It grows up to 3 m long, 1.50 m high and
weighs 500 kg. In order to be able to defy the weather conditions on Greenland,
it has a 10 cm thick layer of fat that protects it from freezing in the water
and a waterproof fur that is able to produce heat itself.
The polar bear is an omnivore, but it specializes in seals, which it waits for
at water holes and then carries them onto the ice with a blow of the paw. In
summer it also feeds on birds, smaller mammals, as well as grass, moss and
berries. The preferred habitat are ice floes near the coast and
islands. However, it is protected and can only be hunted in Alaska, Canada and
Greenland for personal use.
Also stoats, the Greenland collar Lemming,
the North American arctic hare, musk ox, reindeer, arctic
foxes and polar wolf are native.
The muskox have their ancestors in the highlands of Central Asia and are not
only native to Northeast Greenland but also to Canada. The herd animal is an
even-toed ungulate and has a buffalo-like appearance.
The males are up to 2.50 m long, 1.45 m high and weigh between 300 and 400
kg. The females are slightly smaller and lighter. The horns pointing backwards
are found in both sexes. A typical characteristic is the hump over the shoulder
and a pronounced mane.
And even if they don't look like it, musk ox are relatives of goats or sheep.
A thick pad of fat protects the animals from the cold.
A very important animal for the Greenlanders is the 2 m long and 1.25 m high
reindeer from the deer family. Clothing is made from its very dense fur, which
consists of air-filled hair. He also serves as a meat supplier. The reindeer is
the only species of deer in which both males and females have antlers. Its main
diet includes lichens, which it exposes from the snow with its wide hooves. But
they also eat leaves, bark and grass. In addition to Greenland, it is also found
in the tundras of Northern Eurasia and Canada.
Birds are most prominent in Greenland. There are around 200 different
species, around 52 of which nest on the island. The largest birds of prey are
the white-tailed eagle and the snowy owl. The
latter are only found as breeding birds in the arctic regions. The crepuscular
and nocturnal owl is 59-64 cm tall and has a wingspan of 150-160 cm, with the
females being slightly larger than the males. They can be easily distinguished
from the snow-white males by their speckled plumage. It prefers open terrain as
a habitat, where it hunts for lemmings and other voles. The snowy owl is the
only owl that is able to store body fat and is under hunting protection in
Other common species are auks, seagulls, cormorants, gyrfalcons, ravens, and
Reptiles and amphibians
Since both reptiles and amphibians are cold-blooded animals, they were unable
to establish themselves in Greenland.
There are around 700 different types of insects, with mosquitoes being
particularly noticeable and extremely annoying.
In addition to walruses, ringed seals, hats and seals, marine mammals also
include whales such as humpback, blue, fin, white, bowhead, pilot, sperm and
The bubble-shaped bead attachment, which leads from the forehead to the
nostril, is characteristic of the folding cap and also gives it its name. When
aroused, e.g. during mating or as a threatening gesture, it swells
enormously. The males reach a body length of 2.5 m and a weight of 300 kg, the
females are slightly smaller and correspondingly lighter. The solitary animals
always stay in the immediate vicinity of the water and avoid coasts and pack
ice. The young animals were hunted for a long time because of their bluish
fur. With age, they turn blue to dark gray.
The most common fish species are the cod, cod and redfish.
The plant communities are different depending on the region. There are wooded
areas with birch and tall willow bushes as
well as arctic willows, heather and mosses. The
greatest variety of plants can be found in the southern zone, where vegetables
are also grown. The juniper, rhododendron and
various herbs and lichens thrive here. In total there are around 500 different
plant species on Greenland, including 5 orchid species. The
national flower of Greenland is the large-flowered fireweed.
Also known as golden Alpenrose or Rosenbaum known Rhododendron is
because of the flowers, leaves, fruits and diterpenes contained in the nectar
The plant, which belongs to the heather family, causes stomach irritation and
symptoms of paralysis to vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, cramps and in very severe
cases even death from respiratory paralysis.
The rhododendron, which comes from North America, has its origin in Asia,
which is also the main distribution area.