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Guinea

Guinea: Political System

Guinea is in principle a parliamentary democracy. The unicameral parliament consists of 114 members who are elected every four years. The head of state is directly elected every seven years.

Guinea: Political System

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Guinea

National anthem

Liberté has been Guinea's national anthem since 1958. The music was composed by Fodeba Keita. The author of the text is unknown.

In French In the English translation
Peuple d'Afrique!

Le Passé historique!

Que chante l'hymne de la Guinée fière et jeune

Illustre epopée de nos frères

Morts au champ d'honneur en libérant l'Afrique!

Le peuple de Guinée prêchant l'unité

Appelle l'Afrique.Liberté! C'est la voix d'un peuple

Qui appelle tous ses frères a se retrouver.

Liberté! C'est la voix d'un peuple

Qui appelle tous ses frères de la grande Afrique.

Bâtissons l'unité africaine dans l'indépendance retrouvée.

People of Africa!

The historical past!

Sing the hymn of the proud and young Guinea,

which shows the heroic epic of our brothers,

Died in the fields of honor during the liberation of Africa!

The people of Guinea preach unity,

call Africa.Freedom! This is the voice of a people

who call on all their brothers to come together.

Freedom! This is the voice of a people that

calls all their brothers from great Africa.

Let us build African unity from regained independence.

National flag

The national flag (national flag) of Guinea was introduced on November 10, 1958. Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com,

- red stands for the blood shed during the struggle for freedom

- yellow symbolizes the sun and the gold wealth of the country

- green represents the lush vegetation

Guinea flag and coat of arms

Guinea: people known

Mamadou Diouldé Bah (born 1988)

The Guinean soccer player, who was born in Conakry in 1988, played as a midfielder for VfB Stuttgart.

Ismaël Bangoura (born 1985)

Bangoura, who belongs to the Susu ethnic group, made a name for himself as a Guinean football player. He played for Stade Rennes and was also active in the Guinea national team.

Ibrahima Sory Camara (born 1985)

Born 1985 in Conakry, Camara has been playing for KAS Eupen Belgium s since 2010. There he held the position of a defender.

Moussa Dadis Camara (born 1964)

Camara, born in Kouré in 1964, was the de facto president of Guinea from late 2008 to late 2009. Despite numerous promises, he ruled the country very authoritarian. In 2009, he was assassinated while he was recovering in Morocco.

Alpha Condé (born 1938)

Alpha Condé (born 1938) Alpha Condé was born on March 4, 1938 in Boké, Guinea. He was a presidential candidate several times and was also President of the Rassemblement du peuple de Guinée (RPG) party. He has been the country's president since December 21, 2010. Between January 30, 2017 and January 28, 2018 he was also President of the African Union.

Lansana Conté (1934-2008)

Conté served as President of Guinea from 1984 to 2008. He obtained this office through a military coup. During his reign he released Guinea from political ties to the USSR and made some reparations for human rights violations from the Touré era. In addition, Guinea's first presidential election with several candidates took place under Conté in 1993.

Sona Diabaté (born 1959)

The well-known singer Sona Diabaté was initially active in Africa's first women's band, the Amazones de Guinée, before her song Garé-Garé reached 3rd place in the European World Music Charts in 1996.

Jean Claude Diallo (1945-2008) In

1945, the renowned psychologist Diallo was born in Guinea's capital Conakry. He was also head of integration in Frankfurt/Main and a member of Bündnis 90/ Die Grünen.

Jean-Marie Doré (born 1938)

Jean-Marie Doré was born in 1938 in Bossou, Guinean, and is now one of the leading opposition politicians in his country.

Mory Kanté (born 1950)

The Guinean griot musician achieved a hit in 1988 with the single Yéké yéké, which became known throughout Europe. He even managed to move up to 2nd place in the single charts in Germany and Switzerland.

Famoudou Konaté (born 1940)

The Guinean djembé player has been teaching on all continents of the world since 1986 and in 1997 became professor for didactics of African music practice at the Berlin University of the Arts (UdK).

Sékouba Konaté (born 1964)

Brigadier Konaté has been de facto president of Guinea since the attack on Camara. However, Konaté gave up his power again after the 2010 presidential election.

Camara Laye (1928-1980)

The Guinean writer, who died in Dakar in 1980, published his first novel in 1953, L'enfant noir. In 1966, in his novel Dramouss, he addressed the dictator Ahmed Sékou Touré's reign.

Fodé Mansaré (born 1981)

A native of Guinea's capital Conakry, Mansaré was also a Guinean footballer who played for Toulouse FC and his country's national team.

Tierno Monénembo (born 1947)

Monénembo, a scientist and book author living in France, fled the tyranny of Ahmed Sékou Touré to Senegal in 1969 and studied in the Ivory Coast. Today he is a French citizen.

Katoucha Niane (1960-2008)

The French model Katoucha Niane was born in Conakry in 1960. The career of the woman, who was one of the first black top models, also brought her close to Yves Saint Laurent, whose muse she appeared. Niane passed away at the age of 47 when she most likely drowned in the Seine on the way to her houseboat.

Lamine Sidimé (born 1944)

Sidimé, Guinea's Prime Minister from 1999 to 2004, resigned from his post and was President of the Supreme Court of Guinea for the second time since 2005.

Pablo Demba Thiam (born 1974)

The former Guinean-German footballer, who was born in Conakry in 1974, worked as a football official.

Ahmed Sékou Touré (1922-1984)

Ahmed Touré, Guinea's first president and dictator from 1958 to 1984, initially served as mayor of Conakry before becoming its head when his country gained independence. Touré was an advocate of pan-African socialism and supported the liberation movements in southern Africa. However, he also established one of the most brutal dictatorships in Africa in Guinea during his reign. Torture and assassinations of dissidents were common. Thousands of people left the country.

Guinea: animals

Mammals

In Guinea live warthogs, brush-ear pigs and aardvarks, Cape buffalo, the rock hyrax reminiscent of a guinea pig, Mozambique hare and white-bellied pangolin. The elephants and hippos, which can only be found in the country's protected areas, are seriously threatened. The local antelope species include red hartebeest, small ram and yellow-bridge duiker. The predators include wild cats, servals, leopards, as well as the civet cat and the spotted hyena. In the west of the country one can also find pardelle roller and in the north zebra mongoose.

Chimpanzees, Guinea baboons, sea cats and Senegal galegos are among the monkey species in Guinea.

African manatees (manatees) and a number of different species of whale, such as porpoises and humpback whales, live in the sea off Guinea. Various types of shark can also be found here.

Reptiles, amphibians

Rock python

The rock python (Python sebae) is a non-poisonous strangler, but it is by no means harmless.

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

African spitting cobra

The African spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis)

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Boomslang

The Boomslang (Dipholidus typus), also known as Green Boomlang.

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Common puff adder

The common puff adder (Bitis arietans)

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Green mamba

The green mamba (Dendroaspis viridis) is next to the black mamba the most poisonous snake in Africa.

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Mali cobra

The Mali cobra (Naja Katiensis), also known as the cation spitting cobra.

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Rhinoceros viper

The rhinoceros viper (Bitis nasicornis)

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Rhinoceros Viper

The rhinoceros viper (Bitis rhinoceros)

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Black mamba

The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is not only impressive because of its length of up to m, but is probably the most poisonous snake in Africa. A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Black and white cobra

The black and white cobra (Naja melanoleuca), also known as the black and white hat cobra.

A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Senegal Cobra

The Senegal Cobra (Naja senegalensis)

Uraeus snake

The Uraeus snake (Naja haje), also known as the Egyptian cobra, is said to have been used by Cleopatra to commit suicide. A detailed description of the snake can be found here >>>

Goliath frog

The goliath frog (Conraua goliath) belongs to the amphibians. These frogs grow up to about 35 cm. Since the animals are considered a delicacy, they are severely threatened.

Mount-Nimba-Screech-Frog

The local Mount-Nimba-Screech-Frog also belongs to the amphibians

Birds

About 100 different bird species (species) live in Guinea. These include various types of geese, herons, ibis, pigeons, swallows, gulls, boobies, shearwaters, cormorants, pelicans, as well as falcons, ospreys and kites. Nahornbirds, vultures, storks, bee-eaters, the red-billed tropical bird and the hammerhead also live in Guinea. Various parrot species are also beautiful to look at, as well as trogons, of which there are 39 species in six genera. And last but not least, the brightly colored turacos from the Musophagidae family live here, up to 70 cm in size. There are 23 different species from six genera.

Isects

There are numerous mosquitos in the country, including the Anopheles mosquito, the carrier of malaria. Yellow fever is caused by the yellow fever mosquito (Stegomyia aegypti), which also transmits dengue fever and cika fever. There is also the tsetse fly, which is known to be the carrier of sleeping sickness.

You can also find termites, flies, bees and wasps, to name just a few of the local insects. Numerous - often very colorful - butterflies also live in the country.

Guinea: plants

In Guinea one differentiates between different climatic and landscape regions. Forests and grasslands alternate along the coast. They form what is known as the Guinea-Forest-Savannah Mosaic, which looks like a mosaic from above. Mangroves grow directly on the coast. Rainforest grows in the mountainous highlands.

Particularly noteworthy plants that grow in Guinea include baobab trees, teak trees, black mangroves, the African custard apple (Annona senegalensis) in the savannah and the lavender croton (Croton gratissimus) and Pitcairnia feliciana in the mountainous highlands. The desert roses often found here are worth seeing. Carnivorous plants are found in many species of the genus Utricularia, but also the carnivorous Drosera madagascariensis from the genus of sundew (Drosera) grows in the country. The mahogany type Khaya senegalensisx is widespread.

 

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