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Honduras: Political System

Honduras is a democratic state based on the rule of law. At the head of the state is a president whose term of office is four years without the possibility of re-election. Parliament is a unicameral system. The congress consists of 128 members of the two big parties (Partido Liberal and Partido Nacional) as well as the splinter parties PINU, PUD and PDCH.

Honduras: Political System

In the recent past, a National Audit Office and a Supreme Electoral Court have been established.

According to, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Honduras

República de Honduras

National anthem

The national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a text, which is intended to express the state, life and national feeling of a country. It is usually played on special festive occasions, such as state visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders, etc. National anthem of the respective winning country for performance.

Based on flag descriptions by, the introduction of the national anthems in most European countries goes back to the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The numerous independent former colonies introduced their national anthems and also their national flags after independence, i.e. in the second half of the 20th century. The national anthem of Honduras was written and written by Augusto Constancio Coello (1883-1941) set to music by Carlos Hartling (1869-1920). It became the country's official anthem in 1915. The rather long hymn is a chronology of the historical events of the country since 1900.

Honduras flag and coat of arms

In spanish language The English translation

Tu bandera es un lampo de cielo

por un bloque de nieve cruzado;

y se ven en su fondo sagrado

cinco estrellas de pálido azul;

en tu emblema, que un mar rumoroso

con sus ondas bravías escuda,

de un volcán, tras la cima desnuda

hay un astro de nítida luz.1

India virgen y hermosa dormías

de tus mares al canto sonoro,

cuando echada en tus cuencas de oro

el audaz navegante te halló;

y al mirar tu belleza extasiado,

al influjo ideal de tu encanto,

la orla azul de tu espléndido manto

con su beso de amor consagró.


De un país donde el sol se levanta,

más allá del atlante azulado,

aquel hombre te había soñado

y en tu busca a la mar se lanzó.

Cuando erguiste la pálida frente,

en la viva ansiedad de tu anhelo,

bajo el dombo gentil de tu cielo

ya flotaba un extraño pendón.


Era inútil que el indio tu amado,

se aprestara a la lucha con ira,

porque envuelto en su sangre Lempira

en la noche profunda se hundió;

y de la épica hazaña, en memoria,

la leyenda tan sólo ha guardado

de un sepulcro el lugar ignorado

y el severo perfil de un peñón.



Por tres siglos tus hijos oyeron

el mandato imperioso del amo;

por tres siglos tu inútil reclamo

en la atmósfera azul se perdió;

pero un día gloria tu oído

percibió, poderoso y distante

que allá lejos, por sobre el atlante

indignado rugía un león.



Era Francia, la libre, la heroica,

que en su sueño de siglos dormida

despertaba iracunda a la vida

al reclamo viril de Dantón;

era Francia que enviaba a la muerte

la cabeza del rey consagrado

y que alzaba, soberbia a su lado

el altar de la Diosa razón.



Tú también¡Oh mi patriarte alzaste

de tu sueño servil y profundo;

tú también enseñases al mundo

destrozado el infame eslabón.

Y en tu suelo bendito, tras la alta

cabellera de monte salvaje

como un ave de negro plumaje

la colonia fugaz se perdió.



Por guardar ese emblema divino

marcharemos¡Oh patria! A la muerte;

Generosa será nuestra suerte

si morimos pensando en tu amor.

Defendiendo tu santa bandera,

y en tus pliegues gloriosos cubiertos,

serán muchos, Honduras, tus muertos,

pero todos caerán con honor.



Your flag is a light from heaven, crossed

by a block of snow;

and one sees

five pale blue stars against their holy ground;

in your landmark, like a roaring sea

with its untamed waves, protects you

from a volcano, behind its bare tip

a star of clear light.1.

Indian virgin and beauty, you slept

to the melodious song of your waters

when, thrown into the golden water,

the daring seafarer discovered you;

and when he saw your beauty, he


the blue border of your splendid robe with his kiss to love.2.

In a country where the sun rises

far behind the blue shimmering atlas

, this man had dreamed of you

and threw himself into the sea on his search.

When you lifted your pale neck,

in the lively fear of your longing


a foreign flag was already floating under your gentle warmth.3.

It was hopeless that the Indian, robbed of his dignity,

angrily prepared himself for the fight,

because drowned in his own blood, Lempira sank

in the deep night;

and of this epic heroic deed

the legend only preserved in memory

the unknown place of his grave and

the severe profile of a rock.4.

For three centuries your sons heard

the imperious command of their Lord;

For three centuries

your useless reputation was lost in the blue atmosphere;

but one glorious day your ear heard

powerfully and far away that

from far away, over the atlases,

a lion roared angrily.


This was France, the free, the heroic,

which, from its centuries-long dream,

woke up irascible at life

through the masculine reputation of Dantón;

it was France which envied death the head of the hallowed king

and which with arrogance at her side erected

the altar of the queen of reason.


You too, O my country, have risen

from your submissive and deep sleep;

you also showed the destroyed world

the mighty sharpening steel.

Even on your consecrated ground, behind the high

mane of the wild mountain

like a black feathered bird

, the ephemeral colony disappeared.


In order to preserve this divine emblem

, O my fatherland, we shall go to death;

our fate will be generous

when we die we do it in memory of your love.

While we defend your sacred flag

and are covered with your glorious wings

, many will die for yet, Honduras,

but all will fall in honor.


Honduras: Known People

Writer and poet

Ramón Amaya Amador (1916-1966)


Ramón Amador was Honduras' most successful writer, initially he worked himself on a banana plantation along the North Caribbean coast until he published his first book "Prisón Verde" (Green Prison) in 1939. In this book he processed his own experiences on the banana plantations and described the exploitation of Honduran workers. From 1941 he worked as a journalist for "El Atlantico", a newspaper in La Ceiba. Two years later he started his own magazine, "Alerta" (Alarm), in his hometown of Olanchito. Due to political differences he had to emigrate to Guatemala in 1944, where he worked for the major daily newspaper "Nuestro Diaro", while supporting the left wing of the government under Jacobo Abebenz. When the government was overthrown ten years later, he asked for asylum in Argentina. There he worked again as a journalist and married the Argentine Regina Arminda Funes. In May 1957 he returned to Honduras with his family and later moved to Prague in the former Czechoslovakia. When he arrived in Prague, he worked for a magazine called "Problems of Peace and Socialism". In 1966, at the age of 50, he died in a tragic plane crash. His remains were transferred to Honduras in 1977, but it was not until 1991 that his works were first relocated to his home country. to later move to Prague in the former Czechoslovakia. When he arrived in Prague, he worked for a magazine called "Problems of Peace and Socialism". In 1966, at the age of 50, he died in a tragic plane crash. His remains were transferred to Honduras in 1977, but it was not until 1991 that his works were first relocated to his home country. to later move to Prague in the former Czechoslovakia. When he arrived in Prague, he worked for a magazine called "Problems of Peace and Socialism". In 1966, at the age of 50, he died in a tragic plane crash. His remains were transferred to Honduras in 1977, but it was not until 1991 that his works were first relocated to his home country.

List of his works and year of publication:

  • Prisión verde 1945
  • Amanecer 1947
  • El Indio Sánchez 1948
  • Bajo el signo de la Paz 1952
  • Constructores 1957
  • El Señor de la Sierra 1957
  • Los brujos de Ilamatepeque 1958
  • Biografía de un machete 1959
  • Destacamento Rojo 1960
  • El camino de mayo 1963
  • Cipotes 1963
  • Con la misma herradura 1963
  • Jacinta Peralta 1964
  • Operación Gorila 1965

Froylan Turcios (1874-1943)

politician and writer

Turcios first worked as a government minister, member of the National Congress and diplomat before he emerged as one of the most important prose writers and storytellers in the country. He founded the newspaper "El Tiempo" (Die Zeit) in Tegucigalpa and later numerous other magazines in Guatemala. Using his magazines and books, he fought against US interventions in Honduras during the first decades of the last century.

His prose texts were heavily influenced by the Italian writer Gabriele D'Annunzio (1863-1938).

In the last years of his life he had to emigrate to Costa Rica, where he died in 1943.

Roberto Sosa (born April 18, 1930 in Yoro)


Sosa comes from a poor background and worked until he was 30 to support his family. As a poet he has managed to make a national name for himself.

In his anthology "Los Pobres" (The Poor), he denounced the unjust conditions in his country and his poems were temporarily banned. For "Los Pobres" he was the first Latin American to receive the Spanish literary prize "Adonais de Poseía". For his work "Un mundo para los divididos" he was awarded the "Casa de la America" prize, whose jury included well-known authors such as Gonzalo Rojas and Eliseo Diego.

In 1990 he received the medal for the "

Sosa now lives in the Honduran capital Tegucigalpa and teaches literature at the university.

His books have been translated into numerous languages.

Some of his works:

  • Caligrama's Poesía
  • Muros
  • Mar Interior
  • Los pobres
  • Un mundo par todos divididos

Julio Escoto (born 1944 in San Pedro Sula)


Julio Escoto is currently the most successful publicist and storyteller in the country.

During the 1980s he had to leave his home because of the communist hunt and went to Costa Rica for asylum for some time.

He has published short stories, essays and some historical novels, especially about Francisco Morazán.

His key novel "Rey del Albor-Madrugada" was published in 1993, in it he deals with the machinations of the CIA.

Some of his short stories have been translated into German and have also been included in the anthologies of Central American storytellers.

Manuel Zelaya (born September 20, 1946 in Olanchano)

President of Honduras

Zelaya won the presidency on January 27, 2006 after the country's most controversial elections.

He is now facing the measures taken by his predecessor Ricardo Maduro to further stabilize the macroeconomy.


Neyda Sandoval (born in Minas de Oro, Comayagua)


Neyda Sandoval grew up in Honduras and now lives in Miama, where she hosts the morning show "Despierta América" on the US broadcaster "Univision".

In 1998, she won two Emmys after reporting on the damage caused by Hurricane Mitch in her home country and in the rest of Latin American countries.

The Honduran National Congress awarded her a special award for her work.

Visual artist

Pablo Zelaya Sierra (1896-1933)


Pablo Sierra trained in Europe when he was young and is now considered the real founder of modern painting in his home country.

He captured the motifs of Honduras in his realistic pictures.

José Antonio Velásquez (1905-1983)


Velásquez lived in the small town of San Antonio del Oriente, where he worked as a hairdresser and as mayor.

His pictures are famous for his naive painting. In his works, the master of naive painting depicts land and village motifs drawn in clear and bright colors, in which a priest with a dog keeps appearing.

He exhibited in Washington DC in 1952 and at the Hispanic Institute in Madrid in 1976.

Roque Zelaya Acosta (born 1958)


Roque Zelaya painted his first pictures in the naive style in 1976, he taught himself painting. The subjects of his pictures revolve around the original roots of his homeland. Many of his works are now represented internationally. His picturesque picture of Altar Q in the ruined city of Copán hangs in the presidential palace in Tegucigalpa.


Ned Arnel Mencia (born October 22, 1967 in San Pedro Sula)

American writer, actor and comedian.

He grew up as the 17th child of 18 children of his father Roberto Holness from Honduras and his mother Magdalenia Mencia, of Mexican and German descent his relatives in Los Angeles, California. He studied electrical engineering at California State University in Los Angeles, but left before graduating to pursue his comedian career after his successful appearances on "The Laugh Factory".

Film library:

  • In Living Color (TV)
  • Moesha (TV)
  • The Proud Family (TV)
  • The Shield (TV)
  • 29 palms


General José Francisco Morazán Quezada (1792-1842)

President of Honduras

José Francisco Morazán was born as one of four children to the rancher and merchant Eusebio Morazán Alemán and the Guadalupe Quezada Borjas. He attended various private schools and then took a job as an assistant to the notary León Vásquez, who owned one of the most extensive libraries in Central America. As an autodidact, he acquired extensive legal, philosophical and political knowledge. In the following years he worked as a lawyer in Tegucigalpa for several years. Morazán's political career began in colonial times on the side of the liberal Dionisio de Herrera (1781-1850).

Through Herrera’s mediation, Morazán became the personal assistant to the Lord Mayor of Tegucigalpa. He gained his military experience in the war of independence against Spain. After Central America gained independence from Mexico in 1892, Morazán became a syndic on the Tegucigalpa parish council. According to the constitution of the province of Honduras, its first head of state appointed him general secretary of the provincial government in 1824. In this capacity he had a great influence on the drafting of the first constitution of the province. Two years later he was elected President of the State Council. The dissolution of the Federation Parliament led to massive public protests, which were, however, suppressed by force of arms. When Herrera got the high command, Morazán was assigned the defense of the provincial capital Comayagüa. After a defeat, however, he had to flee to Nicaragua, where he gathered a new army with which he returned to Honduras just a few months later and defeated the Federation troops.

After the presidency was handed over, Morazán returned to Honduras, where he again took over the business of government. In the meantime, Barrundia set the new elections for mid-July 1830. The Liberal Party chose Morazán as its candidate. This narrowly won against the distinguished conservative José Cecilio Díaz del Valle. On July 28, Morazán resigned as head of state of Honduras and went again to Guatemala to take up the presidency of Central America in September 1830.

In July 1843, El Salvador's parliament appointed Morazán head of state. After he had succeeded in bringing some unrest in El Salvador under control, he made another attempt to recapture Guatemala, which had also declared its withdrawal from the Federation, for the Federation. Carrera's troops defeated him in March 1840 in the middle of Guatemala City. He first fled to San Salvador, where he resigned as head of state a month later and went to Costa Rica. A year later, opponents of the Carrillo administration contacted him and convinced him to overthrow the president. However, the government troops allied themselves with Morazán and in April 1842 Morazán took over the office of head of state of Costa Rica. One of Morazan's first official acts was to convene a constituent assembly that put extensive individual rights back into force. However, he lost his initial sympathies because he wanted to restore the Central American Federation by invading Nicaragua. Riots broke out just before the invasion and Morazón was captured and executed on September 15, 1842.

Ricardo Rodolfo Maduro Joest (born April 20, 1946 in Panamá)

politician and entrepreneur, President of Honduras from

2002-2006 Maduro's father is Panamase and his mother is from Honduras.

Maduro is studying law at Stanford University in California. When he returned to Honduras, he immediately started his entrepreneurial career.

His political career began in 1984 in the ranks of the Paritido Nacional de Honduras (PNH), the then opposition. He led the presidential campaign of Rafeal Leonardo Callejas in the 1985 and 1989 elections.

In November 1993, the PNH candidate won the presidential election and passed the government into the hands of his party.

On April 23, 1997, his only son, Ricardo Ernesto, was kidnapped and found shot two days later. Whether this tragedy the whole country showed solidarity with Maduro and let his popularity grow. This, and his respectable appearance, helped him decisively in the 2002 presidential election, which he won on January 25th.

During his reign, he mainly addressed public safety and tried to exterminate the internationally operating gangs.

His presidency was also marked by a surge in the national economy.


Wilmer Raynel Neal Velásquez (born April 28, 1972 in San Pedro Sula)


The professional footballer currently plays in one of the leading football clubs in Honduras, the Club Deportivo Olimpia. He is currently in second place on the national goalscorer list, on which he was listed for a long time with 148 goals until 2006 even in first place.

In 2005 he was behind the Brazilian Adriano Leite, with 15 goals on the list of the Federation of History and Statistics.

Francisco Ramirez (born July 10, 1976 in Amapala)


Francisco Ramirez currently plays for the Honduran football club Marathon and is a member of the national team.

In 2000 he was transferred to the Scottish club Dundee United, where his contract has already been dissolved after the first four minutes of play.


Oscar Andrés Cardinal Rodríguez Maradiaga (born December 29, 1942 in Tegucigalpa)


After finishing school, he entered the Salesian order and studied Catholic theology, piano and composition, physics, mathematics, chemistry, philosophy and psychology in Tegucigalpa, Innsbruck and Rome.

He holds a PhD in theology and a diploma in clinical psychology. He was ordained a priest in 1970 and then worked as a teacher at various schools of his order in Central America.

In 1978 he was appointed titular bishop of Pudentiana and auxiliary bishop of Tegucigalpa, and in 1993 he was appointed archbishop of the same diocese by Pope John Paul II. In February 2001 he was accepted by the Pope as a cardinal priest in the college of cardinals.

He is the patron of the debt relief campaign on the occasion of the year 2000. Before that, as President of the Latin American Bishops Council, he had repeatedly drawn attention to the debt burden of the countries of the "South". He is President of the Bishops' Conference of Honduras and a member of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace.

Honduras: animals


There are around 200 different species of mammals in Honduras, around 50% of which are different species of bats.

The national animal of Honduras is the white-tailed deer. The animal reaches a shoulder height between 0.9 and 1.1 m and a weight between 100 and 150 kg.

Of the monkeys, the white-shouldered capuchin monkey with a head-trunk length of 35 to 45 cm should be mentioned.

The big cats include jaguars, ocelots and pumas.

Interesting animals are also the collar and whitebeard peccaries - two species from the umbilical pig family.

Other mammals in Honduras are the Amazon skunk, coyote, the nine-banded armadillo, the pygmy anteater and the great anteater, as well as the wrapped bear.

Reptiles, amphibians without venomous snakes

Idol snake

The idol snake (Boa constrictor) reaches sizes between 3 and 4 m and feeds on smaller and larger mammals as well as on birds and reptiles.

The prey is embraced and strangled by contracting the muscles.

The snake can be found in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Amapá, Pará, Rondonia, Bahia, Sergipe, Amazonas, Pará, Pernambuco, Federal District, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Piauí, Mato Grosso, Goiás, S Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte)

in Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guyana, Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia (Valle del Cauca).

Also in Mexico (Yucatan, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Quéretaro, Veracruz, Puebla, Jalisco, Morelos and Hidalgo), in Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay.

The snake is also at home in Peru (Pasco), Suriname and Venezuela (Merida, Isla Margarita), as well as in Florida/USA - where it was released.

They can also be found in Trinidad, Tobago, Martinique, Aruba and Antigua.

There are six subspecies of the snake:

You can find a detailed description of the snake at Goruma here >>> There are also crocodiles, numerous turtles and lizards here

Venomous snakes - lance vipers


lance vipers The palm lance vipers belong to the genus Bothriechis, to the subfamily of pit vipers (Crotalinae) and to the family of vipers (Viperidae).

The species of this snake genus have a length of about 60 to 80 cm - very rarely they reach a length of 1 m.

The palm lance vipers live exclusively in the trees of the tropical rainforest and are well adapted to the way of life in trees thanks to their long tail, which is optimized for grasping. Like all pit otters, they have pit organs on the sides of their heads between the nostrils and eyes, with which they can perceive thermal radiation (infrared radiation), which makes them good night hunters.

Their basic color is usually green to greenish-yellow with light and dark speckles, whereby the very color-variable prehensile-tailed lance-viper is an exception.

Griffin-tailed palm-lance viper

The Griffin-tailed palm-lance viper (Bothriechis schlegelii) belongs to the genus of the palm-lance viper (Bothriechis).

The snake is found in Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico,

Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela. There are no subspecies of the snake


palm lance viper The Honduras palm lance viper (Bothriechis guifarroi) occurs only in Honduras.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Honduras mountain viper

The Honduras mountain viper (Cerrophidion wilsoni) - in English Honduras Montane pit viper - occurs in El Salvador, in Honduras (Olancho) and in Nicaragua. The snake can be found at altitudes between 1,400 and 3,500 m.

March`s palm lance viper

The March`s palm lance viper (Bothriechis marchi) occurs only in Honduras up to an altitude of 1,850 m.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Sea-blue palm-lance viper

The sea-blue palm-lance viper (Bothriechis thalassinus) occurs in Guatemala and Honduras.

There are no subspecies of the snake


American jumping lance viper The Central American jumping lance viper (Atropoides mexicanus) is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama as well as in southern Mexico (Chiapas, Querétaro). The snake reaches a size between 50 to 80 cm, rarely more. There are no subspecies of the snake.

Two-colored palm lance viper

The two-colored palm lance viper (Bothriechis bicolor) occurs in Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas) and Honduras.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Venomous snakes - coral snakes

These snakes of the genus Micrurus (coral snake, coral otter), with their black and white or yellow and red rings, appear in 79 species with various subspecies, which are usually very pretty.

They can be found in the southern states of the USA via Mexico, Central America and almost all of South America - with the exception of Chile. Often, however, not nationwide but only in parts of the country or even in smaller regions.

They live mainly in moist, warm habitats and are between 60 to 150 cm long. Their head is barely wider than the trunk and their tail is short.

The nocturnal snakes live mostly hidden in holes in the ground, between dense vegetation or under stones and feed on small reptiles - more rarely on small mammals, amphibians, and young birds.

Bites are extremely rare in humans. However, they have a very effective neurotoxin at their disposal, which interrupts the connection between the nerves and between the nerves and muscles (synapses).

In addition, numerous species of snake have poisonous parts that destroy muscle tissue (myotoxins). Without an antiserum, paralysis and even fatal respiratory arrest can be expected

Allen's coral otter

The Allen's coral otter (Micrurus alleni) occurs in Costa Rica, Honduras, in the east of Nicaragua and in Panama.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Brown's coral snake

The Brown's coral snake (Micrurus browni) can be found in the southwest of Mexico, in the west of Guatemala and in Honduras at heights of up to approx. 1,900 m.

There are three subspecies of the snake

Diastema coral snake

The diastema coral snake (Micrurus diastema) can be found in southern Mexico, in Belize, Guatemala, and in Honduras at heights of up to around 1,700 m.

There are seven subspecies of the snake

Roatan Coral

Snake The Roatan Coral Snake (Micrurus ruatanus) occurs only in Honduras on the Islas de la Bahia and Roatan Island.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Black-banded coral otter

The black- banded coral otter, also known as the Central American coral otter (Micrurus nigrocinctus), is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia, Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas), Nicaragua, Panama at heights of up to about 1,600 m.

This snake reaches a size of 50 to 80 cm - rarely more.

There are seven subspecies of the snake

More venomous snakes

Cope's Vine Snake

The Cope's Vine Snake (Oxybelis brevirostris) can be found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, in western Colombia (Valle del Cauca) and in western Ecuador

Glossy Vine Snake

The green and on the ventral side yellow-green colored gloss Vine Snake (Oxybelis fulgidus) - in English Green Vine Snake - is found in El Salvador, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Mato Grosso, Pará), Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Colombia, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo or Guerrero), Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The snake reaches a size between 1.50 to 2 m

Ore Spitznatter

The Ore Spitznatter (Oxybelis aeneus) is quite widespread. The snake can be found in parts of Mexico, in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize, Nicaragua Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, on Isla Margarita, in Ecuador, in parts of Brazil, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana as well as in Trinidad and Tobago. There are no subspecies of the snake.

Gloyds Moccasin Snake

The Gloyds Moccasin Snake (Agkistrodon howardgloydi) can be found in the northwest of Costa Rica, in the west of Nicaragua and in the south of Honduras. There are no subspecies of the snake.

Mexican moccasin

snake The Mexican moccasin snake (Agkistrodon bileneatus) is found in parts of Mexico, in El Salvador, in Honduras and in Guatemala. There are no subspecies of the snake.

Central American rattlesnake

The Central American rattlesnake (Crotalus simus) occurs in El Salvador, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and southern Mexico. The snake can reach a size between 140 to 160 and rarely 180 cm.

There are no subspecies of the snake.

Rainforest inverted nosed viper

The rainforest inverted nosed viper (Porthidium nasutum) can be found in parts of Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama

. There are no subspecies of the snake.

Western inverted-

nosed viper The western inverted-nosed viper (Porthidium ophryomegas) is found in El Salvador in Costa Rica, in the west of Guatemala, in Honduras, Nicaragua and in Mexico (Chiapas). This lance viper reaches a size of about 50 to a maximum of 80 cm.

There are no subspecies of the snake


Honduras is home to more than 700 species of birds. Particularly noteworthy are the colorful toucans. The bright red colored macaw is the country's national bird. The Honduras Amazilie, a species of hummingbird, is endemic, i.e. only native here.

Other local bird species are the red-billed tropical bird, the rhinoceros pelican and the blue-footed booby.

The great egret comes here to hibernate, and the Cuban flamingo is native to the country's langunas.

Underwater world

Bottlenose dolphins, dolphins and whale sharks, up to 18 m long, live in the sea off Honduras, the largest fish in the world that feed on crabs and small fish and are harmless to divers and swimmers. But various other shark species are also native here.

Manta rays, parrot fish and blue surgeon fish also live here.

Moray eels and turtles such as the hybrid turtle also have their habitat here






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Colombia French Guiana Micronesia Nauru Jamaica Martinique
Guyana Nicaragua New Caledonia New Zealand Montserrat Panama
Paraguay Peru Niue Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Saba
Uruguay Venezuela Palau Pitcairn   Trinidad and Tobago

North America

Samoa Papua New Guinea    
Canada Greenland Solomon Islands Tokelau    
Mexico United States Tonga Tuvalu    
    Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna    

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