Hong Kong Political system
Hong Kong's form of government has limited democratic elements. Hong Kong has
been a special administrative region of the Republic of China SAR since the
transfer of the former British colony to China on July 1, 1997. The special
region is directly subordinate to the central government of Beijing, but has
largely autonomy in matters of defense and foreign policy. Hong Kong's
constitution, the Basic Law, regulates the executive, legislative and judicial
sovereignty of the Special Administrative Region.
In addition to the special regulations mentioned above, Hong Kong is autonomous
with regard to visas and entry and exit matters. Hong Kong also has its own
currency, HK $, which is pegged to the US $. Hong Kong enjoys a fairly high
degree of autonomy compared to China. However, no general and free elections are
planned for the time being in Hong Kong either.
The Head of Government, Chief Executive, of the SAR Special Administrative
Region of the Republic of China is elected for a five-year term, with one single
opportunity for re-election. It is elected by an electoral body of 800
members. The Chinese central government then appoints this.
The head of government appoints the members of the executive council and the
legislative council. The Executive Council, a kind of cabinet, has an advisory
function and consists of 7 members appointed by the head of government and 14
The Legislative Council has a total of 60 members, 30 are elected directly in
constituencies and 30 by professional associations. The council has the right of
veto against proposed bills, but may not introduce any itself.
The national anthem of Hong Kong is that of the People's Republic of China. The official name of Hong Kong is:
|Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's
Republic of China
According to Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Hong Kong is that of the People's Republic of
China. Their history is briefly presented: The national anthem of the People's
Republic of China is called "The March of the Volunteers" and was written by the
famous poet Tian Han (1898-1968) during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). The
music is from Nie Er. He chose the musical form of a march. In its original
function, the song was the theme song of the film "Sons and Daughters in the
Time of the Storm" from 1935. The film tells the story of nameless heroes and
heroines of the second Sino-Japanese War. The march was one of many songs that
were secretly sung among the people as a sign of anti-Japanese resistance. The
march began one month before the founding of the People's Republic of China on
Jan. Used as a preliminary anthem in September 1949. During the Cultural
Revolution, it was not the march that was used as a preliminary anthem, but the
song "The East is Red" as the official national anthem. In 1978, the original
march was reinstated by the National People's Congress with different
lyrics. However, the new text was not very popular, so the People's Congress on
December 4, 1982 decided to introduce the original version of Tian Han as the
official national anthem. After Hong Kong was returned to China in 1999, it also
became the Hong Kong anthem.
In the English translation the anthem reads:
|"March of the Volunteers"
No longer slaves!
The great wall rebuilt
from our flesh and blood.
China's people in great distress.
The last cry of the suppressed:
Stand up! Rise!
With a thousand bodies, one heart in spite of the enemy cannons:
Forward! Forward! Ahead!
Jackie Chan (born 1954)
The actor and singer, who was born in Hong Kong in 1954, excelled in so-called
martial arts films. By the way, his maiden name was Chan Kong-Sang, meaning:
Chan, who was born in Hong Kong. If Chan was to replace the late Bruce Lee at
the beginning, he quickly created his own style, which is characterized by
Kelly Chen (born 1972)
Another native of Hong Kong is Kelly Chen, a famous Chinese singer who
celebrated her greatest successes in Hong Kong in particular. The singer of the
so-called Cantopop is also active as an actress.
Maggie Cheung (born 1964)
Also from Hong Kong is the actress Maggie Cheung, who appeared in the film In
the Mood for Love, among others.
Amanda Lear (born 1946)
The singer with the deep voice was born on November 18, 1946 in Hong Kong.
Bruce Lee (1940-1973) Lee Jun-fan, better known as Bruce Lee, who
in San Francisco in 1940, died in Hong Kong in 1973. The Sino-American actor
and martial artist is considered an icon of martial arts film. Quite a few still
call him the greatest martial artist of the 20th century.
Anita Mui (1963 - 2003)
Anita Mui was also a native of Hong Kong. She had made a name for herself as an
actress and musician over the course of her career.
David Prophet (1937-1981)
Born in Hong Kong, David Prophet made a name for himself as a British racing
driver. In 1981 he died in a helicopter crash near Silverstone.
Wong Kar-Wai (born
1958) The director, who was born in Hong Kong in 1958, shot the film In the
Mood for Love, among others.
Jacky Wong (born 1954)
The German bodybuilder, born in Hong Kong in 1954, is also active as an actor
and entrepreneur. The sortler with Chinese origins opened the first fitness
studio in Heidelberg in 1980.