Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast): Political system
The Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) is a presidential republic. The unicameral
parliament (Assemblée Nationale) consists of 225 members who are elected every
five years. The head of state is also directly elected every five years. According to Digopaul.com,
official name of the country is:
|Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
L'Abidjanaise has been the national anthem of Côte d'Ivoire
since 1960. Mathieu Ekra, Joachim Bony and Pierre Marie Coty wrote the text
together. The latter composed the music together with Pierre Michel Pango.
||In English translation
|Salute ô terre d'espérance;
pays de l'hospitalité.
Tes légions remplies de vaillance
ont relevé ta dignité.
Tes fils chère Côte d'Ivoire
fiers artisans de ta grandeur,
tous rassemblés et pour ta gloire
te bâ¬tiront dans le bonheur.
Fiers Ivoiriens, le pays nous appelle.
Si nous avons dans la paix ramené la liberté,
notre devoir sera d'être un modèle
de l'espérance promise à l'humanité,
en forgeant, unie dans la foi nouvelle,
la patrie de la vraie fraternité.
|Greetings, land of hope,
land of hospitality.
Your legions, full of courage, have
restored your dignity.
Your sons, dear Ivory Coast,
are brave workers of your size,
All work together for your glory
and will build you up with joy.
Brave Ivorians, the land calls you.
Once we have peacefully restored freedom,
let us endeavor to set an example
of the hope that has been promised to mankind
forging the fatherland of true brotherhood, united in the new faith.
The flag of Ivory Coast was officially introduced on December 3, 1959. Based
on flag descriptions by
colors of the flag are interpreted as follows:
- Orange stands for the savannahs in the north of the country
- Green for the forests of the southern coastal areas
- White symbolizes the unity between the north and south
Ivory Coast: Known People
Didier Zokora (born 1980),
soccer player, among others in the national team of the Ivory Coast and in St.
Didier Yves Drogba Tébily (born 1978 in Abidjan)
Drogbar is one of the country's outstanding football players and is a member of
the Ivory Coast national team. He played at UC Le Mans, EA Guingamp, Olympique
Marseille and most recently at Chelsea FC. He was unable to take part in the
2010 World Cup in South Africa due to an injury.
Tiken Jah Fakoly (born June 23, 1968 in Odienné)
Reggae musician and politically strong against oppression, abuse of power and
corruption. Because of his commitment, he received death threats and was
increasingly exposed to reprisals, so that he left the Ivory Coast in 2002,
where he has now even been declared an enemy of the state. Since then he has
lived in Mali, from where he repeatedly goes on concert tours, including to
Europe, and is celebrated as an idol of young people, especially in West Africa
Ivory Coast: animals
There are around 80 species of mammals in total in the Ivory Coast.
The formerly heavily hunted elephant, whose tusks gave the country its name,
is very rare today, but fortunately it is now heavily protected.
In addition, leopards, hyenas and jackals occur in the steppes of the
north. The ungulates there are represented by numerous antelopes and the beefy
Pygmy hippos and, further south, the cute finger otter and the pygmy shrew
occur in and around the rivers. The latter belongs neither to the otters nor to
the mice. Rather, it is one of the insectivores, which, together with bats, are
the closest relatives of primates and thus also of humans.
Animals like the bushbuck and Schopf antelope, red
river hogs and the Maxwell's duiker prefer more
The duiker belong to the dwarf antelopes. Monkeys are
numerous. Even the endangered chimpanzee is still found in large numbers, as
are gorillas and white and red colobus monkeys. Among the
lemurs are pottos, a rather portly species belonging to Loris
which lemurs such as the monkeys are compared.
Unfortunately, due to poaching, practically all mammals larger than rabbit
size are threatened with extinction.
Reptiles and amphibians
The western armored crocodile occurs in the rivers of the
northern savannah , while the stump crocodile, which is just 75 cm long, can
only be found in the watercourses of the forest areas.
The western viviparous toad is one of the few species of toad known to date
in this part of Africa - it only occurs on the mountain meadows that are over
1,200 meters high. Other native amphibians are the yellow-bellied toad and
the common toad.
Egyptian cobra (uraeus snake),
Boomslang, African tree snake
Ordinary puff adder
Black and white cobra, white lipped cobra
Southern bird snake
Other poisonous animals
The poisonous " Red Tide" is triggered by a mass appearance
of poisonous dinoflagellates. These unicellular organisms appear in such large
quantities at certain times that they literally turn the sea red. At this time
it is better to eat chicken or vegetarian food, as this is the time when marine
animals come into contact with the poison of the flagellates. Baracudas, red
snapper and other reef fish therefore do not belong on
the plate at this time. A storm can bring cnidarians such as
the Portuguese galley or the extremely dangerous box jellyfish close to the
With scorpions all over the world - including the Ivory
Coast - the rule of thumb applies: the thicker the tail, the stronger the
poison. Fortunately, no healthy adult has died of a scorpion sting yet.
Rock python, Python sebae
Around 740 species (species) are counted in the Ivory Coast, but only one
species is endemic and 11 are considered threatened. These include: 15 types of
herons, such as the great white, purple, goliath and black-necked heron. 8
species of stork, such as the marabou and the woolly necked stork. The marabou
is one of the largest storks.
Since it prefers to feed on carrion, its head, like the upper part of the
neck, is bald. 13 species of ducks and geese, such as Egyptian goose and teal
duck with their characteristic white stripe across the brown head. No less than
57 bird of prey species are counted.
Palm vultures and lavender vultures, martial arts and crowned eagles as well
as snake and Salvadoran buzzards are just a few examples.
The crowned eagle can erect the feathers on the back of its head so that they
look like a crown. 16 moorhen species that are not related to chickens and are
therefore more correctly referred to as water rails. Such are the dwarf pond
chicken, the corn corn and the pearl rail. 27 sandpiper species, such as pond,
forest and water sandpiper. They are all petite, mostly black and white birds
that run very quickly, tripping and can also fly. 19 species of tern and gull,
such as the sandwich and rose tern or the laughing and thin-billed gull, are
The cuckoo, which is widespread in Africa, is represented by 19 species on
the Ivory Coast, including the thick-billed, olive and African cuckoo. By no
means all species lay their eggs in foreign nests. Furthermore, 28 species of
owls live here, such as the owl and the maned owl, which has two tufts of hair
protruding from its brown-spotted head. There are also many species of swallows,
snapper, hornbills, bulbul, mockers, nectar and weaver birds.
Huge termite mounds adorn the landscape in the savannah. Although termites
are able to digest wood thanks to a symbiosis with numerous protozoa and
bacteria, most species grow fungi on chewed wood. These "first farmers in the
world" are also known from the South American leaf cutter ants, to which the
termites are by no means closely related, despite great similarities such as the
formation of states and mushroom cultivation.
Beetle species such as the pill turner, which turns a ball out of mammal
feces, buries it and lays an egg on it, are common, so that its larva feeds on
the feces until it leaves the cave.
The local mosquitoes and flies are not very pleasant. Bees and wasps also
In Comoé alone, the largest river in the country, there are 45 species of
fish, such as dwarf cichlids, baxus and catfish. Fish such as the four-pronged
leaf fish and the African tetra are endemic here.
Shrimp fishing is carried out on the coast. Up to 30 kg of bycatch per kg of
shrimp end up in the net. There are also fears that the juvenile prawns will be
fished before they can leave the coast and reproduce. This unselective fishing
also endangers many other species, such as the hawksbill turtle, which has
already become rare because of the tortoise hunt, and the gray ridged turtle.
The reefs are inhabited by pipefish, rays, frog fish and flounder. Pipefish
are related to the seahorses. They are elongated and tapering towards the
back. The frogfish gets its name because most of the time it crouches like a
frog and lies in wait for prey. It is well camouflaged and its fins are
reminiscent of the feet of a frog in this position.
7 types of shark are counted, including the black and white tip reef shark
and the tiger sand shark.
Sea slugs, bright red cardinal shrimp and various types of starfish and sea
urchins are found.
Whales can also be seen off the coast of the country
Ivory Coast: plants
The lush flora of the south becomes sparse towards the north.
A quarter of the country is covered with forest or woodland. Trees grow in
this country whose names sound as exotic in the local language as Iroko, Tali,
Amazakoue, Tiama and Movingui.
Most of these species are exported and used in everything from carpentry and
veneering to musical instruments. Tali is so hard that his wood can support the
railroad switches. The trunk of the talis is about one meter in diameter and the
leaves become denser at the tips of the branches, making it look like a bouquet
Amazakoue is valued for mosaic parquet. It grows up to 50 m high with a trunk
diameter of 1.20 m. Iroko and Movingui have high dynamic strength and are used
for sports equipment and laboratory tables. The leaves of the Iroko are similar
to those of the German beech.
The bark of the Movingui is said to resemble the pale fur of a dead
animal. Its trunk is so slippery that chimpanzees, for example, cannot climb
The famous baobab is also found here. It has a conspicuously shaped trunk and
silver-gray bark and belongs to the wool tree family. It can live up to 1,000
years. Furthermore, it is characterized by its cucumber-shaped and wood-skinned
fruits as well as fatty seeds.
The baobab can store up to 5,000 liters of water in the dry season, but then
it loses all of its leaves to protect itself from excessive evaporation. If such
a tree falls, it is valued by cattle as food and by farmers as valuable
The farmers plant mangoes, pineapples, bananas, coffee and cocoa. Rice is
grown in the wetter areas. Acacias are grown for this purpose as
fodder. Although the residents are Muslims and therefore drink little or no
alcohol, in some places kuduku, a palm brandy, is grown.
The plants Rauwolfia, the milkweed family Manniophyton, the garlic tree, the
Milne-Redhead and Bellucia are also used in this part of Africa by the natives
as herbal medicine against high blood pressure (Rauwolfia), various skin
diseases and inflammations (Redhead) and as a remedy for diarrhea.
People have copied these "tricks" from the monkeys in the region,
mainly chimpanzees and gorillas. The monkeys teach their children to swallow
these and a few other plants for various diseases. This was confirmed both by
observation and by fecal samples. In addition, they swallow particularly hairy
leaves whole, so that intestinal parasites stick to their bristles and are thus
Most of the medicinal plants mentioned above are toxic in higher doses.
150 species of plants. In the forests, epiphytic bromeliads, colorful
orchids, various ferns, mosses and lichens grow as epiphytes on the larger
trees. Plants such as the small ray aralia and the areca palm are
often exported to Europe, where they are kept as indoor plants. The ray aralia
grows up to 3 m high in the room and has (rarely) green-yellow flowers in