Kentucky [kentɐʹki], abbreviated KY, state of the Midwest,
USA; 105,000 km2, 4.5 million inhabitants (2018).The capital is
Frankfort, Lexington's largest city.
Kentucky. State Map.
Eastern Kentucky is the Appalachian's westernmost chain with the highest
peak, Big Black Mountain, 1,265 meters above sea level. To the west, the
Cumberland Plateau, which is dewatered by Ohio's tributaries, includes the
Kentucky River. Deep canyon valleys and karst caves have been formed in the
plateau's carbon-bearing sedimentary rocks, for example the famous Mammoth Cave.
Kentucky. The mammoth cave was listed on UNESCO's
World Heritage List in 1981.
The northern part of the plateau forms the so-called bluegrass region, named
after a grass (Swedish name buffalo grass) which indicates fertile soil, while
other parts of the area lack vegetation. In the far west, Kentucky borders the
Mississippi flood zone.
The climate in Kentucky is characterized by cold winters and hot summers. The
city of Louisville averages +26 °C in July and −1 °C in January. The annual
rainfall is about 1,150 mm.
During the 1990s, Kentucky population growth was about 7 percent. Half of the
population lives in cities, of which Louisville (615,400 inhabitants, 2016) and
Lexington (314,500) are the largest. More than 90 percent of residents are
Kentucky's business has its base in agriculture and related processing
industries. The most important products are tobacco, maize and soybeans, as well
as meat and dairy products. The tobacco harvest is the second largest in the
United States (after North Carolina). The state is the United States' leading
whiskey producer (bourbon) and also has a large tobacco industry. Kentucky is
also known for its breeding of thoroughbred horses, primarily around Lexington.
Kentucky. Horse farm outside Lexington, Kentucky.
Kentucky is the largest coal producer in the United States. The mining takes
place largely in open pit mines, which entails extensive environmental
damage. Oil and natural gas are also extracted. Industry is most important along
the Ohio River (Louisville, Ashland, etc.) and in Lexington. In the state there
are several assembly plants for the automotive industry. Federal facilities
include the Fort Knox military base, which also holds US gold reserves. The
largest universities are the University of Louisville and Kentucky University in
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism has become an increasingly significant industry in Kentucky. One of
the most famous sights is Mammoth Cave National Park northeast of the town of
Bowling Green. There are many underground caves and tunnel systems, which at
different levels extend more than 500 km. Mammoth Cave is a World Heritage site.
Further west lies the large recreation and recreation area Land Between the
Lakes, a long peninsula between the dammed Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers. The
mountain ranges of eastern Kentucky offer a varied nature.
In the southeast corner, at the border with Virginia and Tennessee, is the
Cumberland Gap National Park, through whose mountain pass pioneer Daniel Boone
and his men entered present-day Kentucky in the 1770s. Historical memories are
also Abraham Lincoln's birthplace at Hodgenville (80 km south of Louisville) as
well as the religiously and socially interesting Shakertown at Pleasant Hill
southwest of Lexington. The capital city of Frankfort and the major cities of
Louisville and Lexington are also major tourist destinations.
Horse breeding and horse racing attract a large number of visitors. The
world-famous Kentucky Derby is decided each year in early May at the Churchill
Downs racetrack in Louisville. Among other Kentucky museums are the Horse Museum
in Lexington and the Whiskey Museum in Bardstown (south of Louisville).
Although the world in food contexts best knows the name Kentucky in the fast
food Kentucky fried chicken (minced chicken meat breaded in coarse
flour and then deep-fried), it is another dish that can be said to constitute
Kentucky's "national dish": burgoo. This is a pot that should contain
several types of meat, corn, beans and vegetables. Corn is made, among other
things. grits soufflé (a porridge of corn and cheese), creamed corn (creamy
corn bacon) and corn bread.
The dessert table includes pecan pie (pecan pie),
marmalade pie and egg tuna with locally produced whiskey (bourbon).
Kentucky was inhabited by several different Native American people who were
often at war with each other and for a long time prevented European
colonization. The first colonization attempts were made during the 1770s by
a.k.a. Daniel Boone, until 1782 under fierce opposition from the
Indians. Subsequently, the population increased rapidly, and in 1792 Kentucky
became the 15th state of the United States, with a constitution that allowed
slavery. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Kentucky tried to stand neutral but
was still subject to war actions. After October 1862, the northern states had
full control over the state. The expansion of the railway network became
important for economic development. The industry was initially based on tobacco,
coal and wood products. During the 20th century, other industries also grew,
mainly along the Ohio River. Politically, Democrats have usually dominated the