Lesotho: Political System
Lesotho is a parliamentary monarchy in the Commonwealth. The king has
predominantly representative functions; active participation in political events
is prohibited by the constitution. The bicameral parliament consists of a senate
(upper house) and a national assembly (lower house). There are 33 members in the
Senate, 22 of whom are tribal chiefs (mostly descendants of Moshoeshoe I, whose
seat in the Senate is inherited), and the King appoints a further eleven members
on the proposal of the government. The National Assembly currently has 120 seats
and is elected directly by the people every five years in a general, free, equal
and secret ballot. 80 seats are determined by majority vote and 40 by
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Kingdom of Lesotho
Mmuso wa Lesotho
Kingdom of Lesotho
"Lesotho Fatse La Bo Ntat'a Rona" (Lesotho, Land of Our
Fathers) has been the national anthem of Lesotho since 1967. The text was
written by François Coillard, the music was composed by Ferdinand-Samuel Laur.
|Lesotho, land of our Fathers,
You are the most beautiful country of all.
You give us birth,
In you we are reared
And you are dear to us.Lord, we ask you to protect Lesotho.
Keep us free from conflict and tribulations.
Oh, land of mine,
Land of our Fathers,
May you have peace.
|Lesotho, land of our fathers,
you are the most beautiful country of all.
You give us life,
in you we are safe
and you are loving to us.Lord, we ask you to protect Lesotho.
Save us from conflict and grief.
Oh our land,
land of our fathers, may
you be in peace.
The national flag of Lesotho was officially introduced on October 4,
1906. The flag is striped blue, white and green. In the white stripe there is a
stylized mokorotlo - a traditional Basotho headgear - which was modeled on the
shape of the Qiloane mountain. Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the colors of the flag are interpreted as
- White stands for peace
- Blue symbolizes the sky and the rain
- Green symbolizes prosperity
The approximately 60 mammal species in the country are mostly smaller
animals. The following animals are an exception, including the rare
The bear baboon (Papio ursinus) belongs to the family of vervet monkeys
(Cercopithecidae). They reach a size of up to 115 cm with an approx. 70 cm long
tail. They are the largest baboons. On the back, their fur is dark brown or gray
in color, while the underside is lighter. Their hands and feet are mostly
black. The long and hairless snout is dark purple or black in color, as are the
The Saddleback hyena (Parahyaena brunnea), also known as the brown hyena, has a
head-trunk length between 110 and 136 cm, with a 20 to 25 cm long tail. The
shoulder height of the males is around 70 cm and the females around 75 cm. Their
weight varies between 35 and 45 kg. This type of hyena is not patterned or
striped, its fur is predominantly a single color dark brown. Only the neck and
shoulders are yellowish-beige in color, and some dark and light horizontal
stripes run along the legs.
Cape foxes The Cape fox (Vulpes chama) belongs to the genus
Vulpes in the tribe of real foxes (Vulpini) in the dog family (Canidae). Its fur
is silver gray with a slight yellow tinge on the sides and belly. Therefore the
animals are also known as silverback foxes. Its large ears and dark mouth region
are striking. The shoulder height of the animals is about 30 cm, with a weight
of 3 to 4 kg. The animals are as big as smaller dogs.
Klippspringer are native to Africa of the genus Oreotragus in the subfamily of
the antelopes (Antilopinae) in the family of the horned bearers (Bovidae).
The animals reach a shoulder height of almost 60 cm - with a weight of 10 to 15
kg, whereby the females are slightly larger and heavier than the males. In
contrast, the males have short, straight and widely spaced spikes with a length
of about 20 to 25 cm. It is interesting that in the northern regions, as in
Ethiopia, the females also have horns. Their fur is yellow to brown and gray in
color, dense and bristly and has a black mottling. The belly of the animals is
whitish in color. The abdomen, chin, and lips are covered with white or
The Kronenducker (Sylvicapra grimmia) is a kind in the genus Sylvicapra in the
tribe of the duiker (Cephalophini) in the family of the horned bearers
The back of the animals is gray-brown to reddish-yellow, while their belly is
light to whitish. There is a dark brown to black markings between their front
legs and on their face. Your shoulder height is about 50 cm - with a weight of
20 kg. You are as big as a slightly larger dog.
The Oribis (Ourebia) are a genus in the tribe of the gazelle-like (Antilopini)
in the family of the horned bearers (Bovidae). The animals reach a shoulder
height of up to about 65 cm, with a weight of up to about 20 kg. Their horns
reach a length of approx. 18 cm. They are reddish-brown on the back and whitish
on the belly, with a light spot on the throat.
Rehantelopes (Pelea capreolus) belong to the genus Pelea in the family of the
horned bearers (Bovidae). With a weight of 20 kg and a shoulder height of 75 cm,
they belong to the small antelopes. On the back, the animals are gray, with a
thick and woolly fur. Their ventral side is whitish. The ears are long and they
have a large, black nose. Only the males have straight horns.
Nowadays the animals are only found in South Africa and Lesotho
Farm animals and pets
In addition to wild animals, there are also the following farm animals and pets
cattle, horses, sheep, goats, donkeys, chickens, geese, dogs and cats.
The local storks, ibises, herons and vultures are striking - including the
rare bearded vulture. Smaller local birds include weaver birds and the malachite
- Mole viper (Pseudaspis cana)
- Boomslang (Dispholidus typus)
- Mountain otter (Bitis atropos)
- Common puff adder (Bitis arietans)
- Cape cobra (Naja nivea)
- Black-banded spitting cobra (Naja nigrocincta)
You can also encounter poisonous spiders, millipedes and scorpions.
Lesotho is a country with only a few trees. The land consists mainly of
mountain pastures and grass steppes with their low shrubs, bushes and grasses.
The few tree species are mainly eucalyptus trees or acacias as well as willows
on the river banks. Peach trees and other fruit trees were also planted here and
there. The mountain cabbage tree, up to 3 m high, is interesting. The following
two nature reserves are a certain exception:
Sehlabathebe National Park
The 65 km² Sehlabathebe National Park in the southeast of the country on the
border with South Africa has existed since 1969 and has been a UNESCO World
Heritage Site since 2013. The park is particularly known for its water lilies.
Tšehlanyane National Park
The Tšehlanyane National Park in the Butha-Buthe district is a protected area in
Lesotho which, despite its name, is not officially recognized as a national
park. The only primeval forest in the country grows here with mountain bamboo
plants, which gave the park and the river their names.
The two parks are home to most of Lesotho's wildlife and flora.