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Macedonia: Political System

Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy based on the rule of law. At the top is the President, who is directly elected by the people for five years. (A single re-election is possible.) Parliament consists of one chamber, the so-called State Assembly, which is elected for four years. It has 120 seats. The representatives are elected by the people in direct and free elections, with a mixture of majority and proportional representation being used.

Macedonia: Political System

The president appoints the head of government, who in turn provides the cabinet. In addition, the armed forces are subordinate to the President and he has the right to object to legislation. He is also President of the Security Council. The government is led by the prime minister who appoints his ministers.

The legislative body is the State Assembly, which votes on the laws submitted by the government. The Prime Minister selects his ministers from it. It also elects the Prime Minister proposed by the President. In Macedonia the principle of separation of powers prevails so that the courts are independent. The highest judicial body is the Constitutional Court.

According to, the country's own name is:

Republika Makedonija

Republic of Macedonia

By the UN and the Foreign Office in Germany, however, the country is listed as the "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (FYROM) upon intervention by Greece.

National anthem

The Macedonian national anthem is the "Denes Nad Makedonija" (Today about Macedonia). The text was written between 1943 and 1944 by Vlado Meleski, who also composed the melody. The anthem has been named the official anthem of the state of Macedonia in the Yugoslav Republic and was adopted by it after the Republic of Macedonia declared independence.

In the original language

Denes nad Makedonija se ragja

Novo sonce na slobodata

Makedoncite se

borat Za svoite pravdini!

Makedoncite se

borat Za svoite pravdini!

Odnovo sega znameto se vee

Na Kruševskata Republika

Goce Delčev, Pitu Guli

Dame Gruev, Sandanski!

Goce Delčev, Pitu Guli

Dame Gruev, Sandanski!

Gorite makedonski šumno peat

Novi pesni, novi vesnici

Makedonija slobodna

Slobodna ?? ivee!

Makedonija slobodna

Slobodna ?? ivee!

And in the English translation

Heute über Mazedonien

Wird die neue Sonne der

Freiheit geboren

Die Mazedonier kämpfen

für ihre Gerechtigkeit.

Die Mazedonier kämpfen

für ihre Gerechtigkeit.

Von neuem weht die

Flagge der Kruschewo Republik

Goce Delchev, Pitu Guli

Dame Gruev, Sandanski!

Goce Delchev, Pitu Guli

Dame Gruev, Sandanski!

Die mazedonischen Wälder singen

Neue Lieder, neue Botschaften

Mazedonien ist befreit,

Es Lebt in Freiheit

Macedonia is liberated,

It lives in freedom

National flag

Based on flag descriptions by, this flag has been the official flag of the Republic of Macedonia since October 5th, 1995. The colors red and yellow are the traditional coat of arms colors. The former star in the center was replaced by the sun in 1995 after the Greeks protested and Macedonia imposed an economic embargo. The star symbolizes a whole Macedonia in its geographical borders before the division. It goes back to the Macedonian Kingdom of Philip II (382 - 336 BC).

Macedonia flag and coat of arms

Macedonia: Known People

Visual artist

Bogoja Angelkoski (born 1963)

Angelkosi is known for her sculptures. Jovan Balov (born 1961) Balov has made a name for himself through diverse art, such as photos, painting, videos and illustrations.

Zaneta Vangeli (born 1963)

Vangeli exhibits, among other things, self-made photographs.


Ferus Mustafov ()

Ferus Mustafov - also King Ferus - was born in Skopje and is one of the most famous musicians in Macedonia. It comes from a Roma family and mixes Roma music with Serbian and Turkish folk music. His clarinet and saxophone playing is legendary even in his lifetime. Esma Redzepova, (born 1945). She is a Roma singer and is also called the Diva of Macedonia. Your music is now world famous.

Politicians and rulers

Flavius Sabbatius Justinianus (482 - 565)

He is known under the title "Justinian the Great" and was the last Roman ruler of the world. Under his rule, an essential step towards the transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages, i.e. the Byzantine era, took place. Outwardly, he tried to restore the Roman Empire within its old borders, which he partially succeeded in doing. Internally, he introduced the Corpus Iuris Civilis as a law and closed the philosophers' schools in Athens, and contrary to Roman tradition, he sacralized the empire because he was a pious Christian.

Writer and poet

Konstantin Miladinov (1830 - 1862)

Miladinov is considered the first Macedonian poet. With their teaching activities and the collection of Macedonian folk literature, he and his brother Dimitar Miladinovov played a major role in awakening the Macedonian national feeling and laid the foundation for modern Macedonian literature. Both were captured by the Ottomans and died in prison.

Actors, directors

Milcho Manchevski (born 1959)

Director. He made many short films with which he made an international name for himself. His first feature film "Before the Rain" was nominated for an Oscar, his last big film "Dust" from 2001 is about the early Balkan wars of 1912.

Stole Popov (born 1950)

Director. He is known for his documentaries and his internationally known feature film "Gipsy Magic". He has also won several international awards.

Theologians, clergymen

Mother Theresa (1910-1997)

She was born on August 26, 1910 as Agnes Gonxhe Bojaxhiu to Albanian parents in what is now Skopje in Macedonia, in Albania. She worked in Calcutta as a Catholic nun in a poor hospital. She received for her social commitment the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Already twelve years old she decided to become a nun and was at the age of 18 years a member of the Order of the Loreto Sisters. In 1928 she left Skopje to go to the mother house in Ireland. Two months later she came to the house of the Loreto Order in Bengal. She later worked for 17 years at St. Mary's School in Calcutta, where she ultimately worked as director.

On a trip through Calcutta on September 10, 1946, she claims to have received the divine calling to help the poor there. But it wasn't until two years later that she received permission to leave the Loreto Sisters. She was exclaustrated so that she could leave the order without having to give up her status as a nun. After that she lived in the slums of Calcutta, where she was soon joined by some former students. In 1948 she received Indian citizenship and founded the order "Missionaries of Charity" in 1950, for which she worked until her death.






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