Missouri [mizuʹri], abbreviated MO, State of the Midwest, USA; 180
546 km2, 6.1 million inhabitants (2018).Missouri is located west of
the Mississippi River and on both sides of its tributary of the Missouri
River. The capital is Jefferson City.
Missouri. State Map.
Missouri has a very varied topography. The area north of the Missouri River
has been covered by inland ice, and the landscape today is a slightly
undulating, fertile and low-lying prairie. The forested Ozark plateau south of
the river is more hilly with rounded hills, which southeast of Springfield
reaches up to 532 m asl. At the far southeast is a small part of the Mississippi
The climate in Missouri is markedly continental. Saint Louis has an average
temperature in January of just under 0 °C and in July of +26 ° C. The city's
annual rainfall is just over 1,000 mm. The southern parts of Missouri get
slightly higher rainfall.
Missouri's population has increased steadily since the early 1900s, but at a
lower rate than the nation as a whole. Of the population, 12 percent are black,
mainly residing in Saint Louis and Kansas City. These two cities host 55 percent
of the state's population. Other important cities are Springfield, the capital
of the Ozark area, and the educational district of Columbia.
Missouri, which extends from the corn belt in the north to the cotton belt in
the south, has a varied agricultural production. The most important crop is
soybeans, followed by corn, wheat and other cereals. Animal production and the
forest industry (on the Ozark Plateau) are also significant.
Most of the US lead comes from Missouri. Other mining products are zinc,
limestone and refractory clay. The versatile industry is primarily located in
the metropolitan areas of Saint Louis and Kansas City. The aerospace, aerospace
and automotive industries play a major role, and the food, leather and chemical
industries are also important.
The location has made Missouri an important transportation hub, from the new
construction era to today's road, rail and air traffic with Saint Louis as a
major hub for domestic flights. River traffic on the Mississippi River and the
Missouri River are also significant.
Tourism and gastronomy
The central location in the United States makes the state a significant
transport hub. The main destinations are the metropolitan cities of Saint
Louis and Kansas City.
Missouri. Saint Louis is one of the state's most
visited cities. The old courthouse (completed in 1864) and Gateway Ach
(inaugurated in 1967) are both memorials of the country's expansion to the west.
However, tourism in the Ozark area in the south is of the greatest importance
for the regional economy. Visitors are attracted by the opportunities for
fishing and hunting as well as great nature experiences.
The Ozark National Park National Scenic Riverways as well as the farther
northwest of Lake of the Ozarks are major sights. Missouri also has interesting
monuments from colonial times. There are old trading stations and forts and
museums, etc., which give visitors historical insights into the conditions
during the great emigration to the west. The most famous individual monument is
the Gateway Arch in Saint Louis. From Missouri, the major emigrant trails were
the Oregon Trail, California Trail and Santa Fé Trail, as well as the Pony
Express, which has its museum in Saint Joseph north of Kansas City.
Here in the middle of the corn belt is the corn with bread, puddings, salads
and desserts. The pig meat has a dominant place, stuffed pork chops (stuffed
pork chops), pork sausage and pork with sauerkraut (pork with
sauerkraut) also shows a German / Eastern European influence. But other features
are also noticed; here you can be served chow-chow, mixed vegetables
that may have been named by the Chinese workers who pulled out the railway.
Gastronomic local patriotism is taking a turn for the worse in Missouri; It
is claimed that both hamburgers and hot dogs (hot dogs) come from here
and that this is where you invented the potato salad with mayonnaise.
Missouri was a French possession from the 1680s, belonged to 1763-1800 Spain,
and in 1803 moved from France to the United States as part of the so-called
Louisiana Purchase. In 1812, Missouri became territory and in 1821 the state,
defined as a slave state in the Missouri Compromise. However, slavery was never
of great magnitude, and during the Civil War Missouri remained in the
Union. Agriculture was the most important industry together with the river
trade. Missouri was also the gateway to the west with Saint Louis and
Independence as the starting points.
During the 20th century, Missouri has undergone urbanization and
industrialization. Politically, Democrats have usually dominated until the
1970s, but since then have been even with Republicans.