Moldova: Political System
Moldova is a republic. The unicameral parliament consists of 101 members who
are elected every four years. The head of state is elected by parliament every
five years. Gagauzia, in the very south of the country, and the Dniester
Republic (Transnistria) each have an autonomous status with their own
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
|Republic of Moldova
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, Limba Noastră (Our Language) has been the national anthem of Moldova
since 1994. The text was written by Alexei Mateevici (1888-1917), five stanzas
were selected for the hymn from the original twelve-stanza poem. The music for
this was composed by Alexandru Cristea (1890-1942).
In the English translation
|That buried in the deep,
A chain of precious stones
scattered on our land.Our language is a burning fire in the
midst of a people who
woke up from their death sleep without news
like the hero from fairy tales.Our language is a green leaf
The rustling of the eternal forests,
The calm ripple of the Dniestr hides
The candlesticks of the stars.Our language is a blessed language,
The language of the ancient sermons
That wept and sung
By the peasants in their home.
A treasure will rise up
that is buried in the deep,
A chain of precious stones
scattered on our land.
Moldova: Known People
Architects and builders
Alexei Viktorovich Shtusev (1873 to 1949), architect
After the Second World War, he worked out plans for the reconstruction of
destroyed Soviet cities, including for Chişinău. One of his most famous late
works is the Moscow Komsomolskaya metro station.
Pavel Braila was born in Chisinau in 1971.
The internationally renowned artist has exhibited at the Documenta 11 in Kassel,
Maria Cebotari (1910 to 1949), opera singer
She appeared at the Salzburg Festival as early as 1931, later became a valued
interpreter at the Berlin State Opera, member of the Vienna State Opera and
Dimitri Cantemir (1673 to 1723), Voivode of Moldavia,
humanist and universal scientist
In 1711, just one year after the beginning of his reign, he had to emigrate to
Russia due to a defeat by the Ottomans, where he stayed until his death. As a
historian, music theorist, geographer, encyclopedist and linguist, he left
behind many important works.
William Frederick Friedman (1891 to 1969), cryptologist
Born in Moldova, he worked for the US secret service even before the start of
World War II and developed statistical methods for decrypting encoded messages.
Politicians and rulers
Ştefan cel Mare or Stefan the Great (around 1433 to 1504),
Prince of the Moldau (Vojwode)
The outstanding general achieved great fame in the resistance against the
Ottomans. He fought 36 major battles, of which he lost only two, and during his
reign he managed to secure Moldova's independence.
Ion Constantin Inculeţ (1884 to 1940), scientist and politician.
He was very committed to the independence of his country and was briefly
president in 1917.
Actors, directors, film producers
Samuel Bronston (1908 to 1994), American film producer
Born in Moldova, he produced eleven films in Hollywood.
Lewis Milestone (Lev Milstein, 1895 to 1980), film director,
screenwriter and film producer
The Moldovan Jew moved to the United States before the outbreak of the First
World War and made a career in Hollywood. For his films "Schlachtenbummler" and
"Nothing New in the West" he received an Oscar for best director.
Grzegorz Grzeban (actually Bagdasarian, 1902 to 1991), study
The biochemist moved to Warsaw after World War II and in 1960 received the title
of International Arbitrator for Chess Composition from FIDE.
Victor Viorel Bologan (born 1971) world-class
Almira Scriptschenko (born 1976),
French chess player of Moldovan origin