Montana [mɑ: ntæʹnə], abbreviated MT, state of the northwest
US; 380,850 km2, 1.1 million inhabitants (2018).Montana is one of the
Mountain States. The capital is Helena.
Montana. State Map.
Montana's western part is made up of the mostly pine-wooded Rocky Mountains
and other mountain ranges parallel to this. The highest peak, Granite Peak in
the Absaroka Range, reaches 3,901 m above sea level. The eastern two-thirds of
the state consists of a rolling prairie landscape, which descends from about
1,200 m above sea level. at the foot of the Rocky Mountains to 600 m
asl. furthest to the east. The state runs through the Missouri River and the
Yellowstone River, which at the state border in the Northeast unite with each
Montana. The resort Gardiner at the main entrance
to Yellowstone National Park.
The climate in Montana varies with the height above the sea. Helena at 1,200
meters above sea level has an average temperature in January of −7 °C and in
July of +19 ° C. The annual rainfall is 330 mm, only the highest parts of the
Rocky Mountains receive more than 500 mm per year.
Montana was colonized in the late 1800s by immigrants from mainly western and
northern Europe, among them many Scandinavians. It is one of the least populated
states in the United States and has low population growth. Of the inhabitants, 7
percent are Native Americans, the majority of whom live in a reserve. Montana
has a lower proportion of blacks (0.6 percent) than any other state. Montana has
only smaller cities, and the majority have emerged from mining camps, trade
centers, and station communities. The largest cities are Billings (110,300
inhabitants, 2016), Missoula (71,000) and Great Falls (59,600).
Agriculture, forestry and mining are the basis of Montana's
business. Agriculture is mainly conducted on large farms, and 20 percent of the
cultivated area is irrigated. Wheat and feed grain are the most important crops,
and livestock management plays a big role. The forests of western Montana
provide the basis for a significant timber industry.
Montana's metallurgical industry is based on the area's rich mineral
resources; now, however, mining has decreased in importance. Oil and natural gas
extraction is important and coal resources are very large. Hydropower resources
are also significant.
Fine winter sports and ghost towns from the new-build era (such as Virginia
City), Glacier National Park and the proximity to Yellowstone National Park draw
many visitors to Montana, and tourism is an increasingly important source of
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism is of great importance to the state. The mountainous western part of
Montana offers wilderness areas and scenery, for example within the large
Glacier National Park on the border with Canada. A small part of Yellowstone
National Park is located within Montana, which affects tourist flows. In
addition to nature experiences and outdoor activities, Montana offers
historically interesting sights. In the area, several battles were fought during
the attempts by the white conquerors to expel the country's
Indians. Well-visited memorial sites are Big Hole Battlefield in the southwest
and Custer Battlefield (Little Bighorn) about 100 km from Billings.
Montana. Custer Battlefield Museum at Little
Well-known societies such as Vigrinia City have been preserved from the gold
The plentiful supply of both beef and lamb results in a strong, robust food
with large steaks of game (deer, elk), free-cassettes on lamb and lamb
roast. There are also homemade sourdough bread, walnut bread and fruit pies. The
breakfast does not often consist of minced meat with mushrooms and tomato,
served on bread. Avocado is a common feature of the diet.
Eastern Montana became part of the United States through the Louisiana
Purchase in 1803, west through the Oregon Treaty with Great Britain in 1846.
Montana became territory in 1864 and the state in 1889. Fur trading was followed
in the 1860s by silver and copper mining as important industries and during the
1900s by agriculture and livestock farming. During the 1870s, the Indians here
made one last attempt to defend their territories, i.a. through the victory of
Little Bighorn in 1876.
Democrats have mostly been the dominant political party, but in recent years
Republicans have grown in strength. Since 2004, the Democrats have been
strengthened again and today Montana (2009) has a Democratic governor and two
Democratic senators. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican presidential
candidate John McCain won by a slim margin in Montana.