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Mozambique

Mozambique: Political System

Mozambique: Political System

Mozambique is a republic in the Commonwealth. The parliament consists of 250 members newly elected every five years. The head of state is also directly elected every five years. According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

República de

Moçambique

(Republic of Mozambique)

National anthem

Since 2002 "Patria Amada" (Beloved Home) has been the country's official anthem. Justino Sigaulane Chemane wrote the music and lyrics again.

In Portuguese

In Portuguese In the English translation
Na memória de africa e do mundo

Pátria bela dos que ousaram lutar!

Moçambique o teu nome é liberdade

O Sol de Junho para semper brilhará!CHORUS:

Moçambique nossa terra gloriosa!

Pedra a pedra construindo o novo dia!

Milhões de braços, uma só força!

Ó pátria amada vamos vencer!Povo unido do Rovuma ao Maputo

Colhe os frutos do combate pela Paz!

Cresce o sonho ondulando na Bandeira

E vai lavrando na certeza do amanhã!

Flores brotando do chão do teu suor

Pelos montes, pelos rios, pelo mar!

Nós juramos por ti, ó Moçambique

Nenhum tirano nos irá escravizar!

In memory of Africa and the world

Glorious home of those who fought!

Mozambique, your name is freedom

The June sun shines forever!Refrain:

Mozambique, our glorious homeland!

Building tomorrow stone by stone!

Millions of arms, one force!

O beloved home, we will win!The people from Rumova to Maputo

harvest the fruits of the peace struggle !

The dream grows, the flag flies

And work in the security of tomorrow!

Flowers bloom in the field of your sweat

On mountains, rivers and in the sea!

We swear to you, oh Mozambique

no tyrant will enslave us!

National flag

The national flag of Mozambique was officially introduced on May 1, 1983, replacing the previous version from 1975. Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the green of the flag symbolizes agriculture, black the “black continent Africa, yellow stands for the ore wealth of the country and white for justice and peace. And red is a reminder - as in the flags of many African countries - of the bloody struggle against colonialism.

The bayonet Kalashnikov stands for defense and vigilance, the hoe for the farmers and their products, and the book for education. The star symbolizes the spirit of internationalism.

Mozambique flag and coat of arms

Mozambique: Known People

Carlos Cardoso (1951-2000)

The murder of Mozambican journalist Carlos Cardosos led his newspaper to investigate corruption cases that arose in the process of privatizing Mozambique's largest bank.

Joaquim Alberto Chissano (born 1939)

The politician, born in Malehice in 1939 and co-founder of FRELIMO, was President of Mozambique from 1986 to 2005. Chissano ensured a peaceful end to the Mozambican civil war, established a new state constitution and improved relations with South Africa. In 2007 Chissano was awarded the Mo Ibrahim Foundation Prize for his political work.

Paulina Chiziane (born 1955)

The Mozambican writer Paulina Chiziane first published stories in newspapers before she brought out Balada de Amor ao Vento, the first novel published by a woman in Mozambique. In 2003 she won the José Craveirinha Prémio thanks to her novel Niketche: Uma História de Poligamia.

Mia Couto (born 1955)

The Mozambican writer, born in Beira in 1955, is actually called António Emílio Leite Couto. He owes his stage name to his brother and his passion for cats.

José Craveirinha (1922-2003)

José Craveirinha is rightly called the greatest poet in Mozambique. In his poems he dealt with topics such as colonialism and racism. The politically active writer was honored with the Prémio Camões in 1991 and declared a national hero by President Joaquim Chissano in 2003.

Eusébio da Silva Ferreira (born 1942) Eusébio da Silva Ferreira,

who was named Footballer of the Year in 1965, grew up in Lourenço Marques (now Maputo) in Mozambique and was to become a goal-scoring attacking player in the 1960s.

Maria de Lurdes Mutola (born 1972)

The Mozambican middle-distance runner, who was born in Maputo, is particularly the 800-meter run. Between 1999 and 2004 she was not defeated in this discipline in any major race. Mutola became world champion several times and was characterized by an unusually long sporting career. She only ended this in 2008.

João Bernardo Dias (1926-1949)

The Mozambican writer died very young of tuberculosis and left just one work: Godido e outros contos was published in 1952, i.e. after his death, and is considered the first fictional work in Mozambique literature.

António Feio (1954-2010)

Feio, a renowned Portuguese film and theater actor, also worked as a director.

Teresa F. Heinz (born 1938)

The American philanthropist, who was actually born in Maputo as Maria Teresa Thierstein Simões-Ferreira, is one of the heirs of the Heinz ketchup empire and sits in the Heinz Family Philanthropies and The foundations developed from this empire Heinz Endowments. Above all, however, she has become known as the wife of the US presidential candidate John Kerry.

Luís Augusto Bernardo Manuel Honwana (born 1942)

The former journalist and writer was also active for the Mozambican independence movement FRELIMO and worked in the government after his country gained independence.

Samora Moisés Machel (1933-1986)

Machel was the first President of the People's Republic of Mozambique from 1975 to 1986 and made his country a one-party state based on the socialist model. He maintained close relations with the USSR, the PR China and the GDR. After Samora Machel was killed in a plane crash in 1986 under not entirely clear circumstances, his wife Graça Machel married Nelson Mandela, the President of the Republic of South Africa, in 1998.

Mariza (born 1973)

The Portuguese fado singer, who was actually born as Marisa dos Reis Nunes, actually comes from Mozambique. She is currently one of the most successful fado artists in the world.

Campos Oliveira (1847-1911)

The poet, born in 1847 as José Pedro da Silva Campos e Oliveira in Ilha de Moçambique, is considered the first Portuguese-speaking writer in Mozambique.

Mozambique: animals

https://www.goruma.de/laender/afrika/mosambik/mosambik-tiere

Mozambique: plants

The occurrence of the plants in Mozambique depends on the different geographic conditions of the country.

The area of the country consists of about 40% coastal lowlands, where mangroves can often be found. In the hinterland, on the other hand, the dry mopane forests predominate.

In the west there is mountain country, with the 2,436 m high Monte Binga and a few other high plateaus.

The Mozambique highlands are part of the African marginal zone. Within this East African rift system lies the approximately 29,600 km² Lake Malawi, which extends between Malawi and the north of Mozambique. Its greatest depth is around 700 m.

The predominant vegetation in the south of Mozambique is the dry savannah with grasslands, bushes and some dry forests. The grass withers during the dry season, but can grow up to 2 m high during the rainy season. The local trees usually shed their leaves during the dry season. Typical trees of the dry savannah are umbrella acacias and baobabs.

The further north you go, the more often you come across forests, especially in the east-central areas. Dense forests are located on the Chimoio plateau. Forests and especially mangroves grow on the coast, which are particularly important for the protection of coastal areas.

 

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