Mozambique: Political System
Mozambique is a republic in the Commonwealth. The parliament consists of 250
members newly elected every five years. The head of state is also directly
elected every five years. According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
(Republic of Mozambique)
Since 2002 "Patria Amada" (Beloved Home) has been the
country's official anthem. Justino Sigaulane Chemane wrote the music and lyrics
||In the English translation
|Na memória de africa e do mundo
Pátria bela dos que ousaram lutar!
Moçambique o teu nome é liberdade
O Sol de Junho para semper brilhará!CHORUS:
Moçambique nossa terra gloriosa!
Pedra a pedra construindo o novo dia!
Milhões de braços, uma só força!
Ó pátria amada vamos vencer!Povo unido do Rovuma ao Maputo
Colhe os frutos do combate pela Paz!
Cresce o sonho ondulando na Bandeira
E vai lavrando na certeza do amanhã!
Flores brotando do chão do teu
Pelos montes, pelos rios, pelo mar!
Nós juramos por ti, ó Moçambique
Nenhum tirano nos irá escravizar!
|In memory of Africa and the world
Glorious home of those who fought!
Mozambique, your name is freedom
The June sun shines forever!Refrain:
Mozambique, our glorious homeland!
Building tomorrow stone by stone!
Millions of arms, one force!
O beloved home, we will win!The people from Rumova to Maputo
harvest the fruits of the peace struggle !
The dream grows, the flag flies
And work in the security of tomorrow!
Flowers bloom in the field of
On mountains, rivers and in the sea!
We swear to you, oh Mozambique
no tyrant will enslave us!
The national flag of Mozambique was officially introduced on May 1, 1983,
replacing the previous version from 1975. Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the green of the flag symbolizes
agriculture, black the “black continent Africa, yellow stands for the ore wealth
of the country and white for justice and peace. And red is a reminder - as in
the flags of many African countries - of the bloody struggle against
The bayonet Kalashnikov stands for defense and vigilance, the hoe for the
farmers and their products, and the book for education. The star symbolizes the
spirit of internationalism.
Mozambique: Known People
Carlos Cardoso (1951-2000)
The murder of Mozambican journalist Carlos Cardosos led his newspaper to
investigate corruption cases that arose in the process of privatizing
Mozambique's largest bank.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano (born 1939)
The politician, born in Malehice in 1939 and co-founder of FRELIMO, was
President of Mozambique from 1986 to 2005. Chissano ensured a peaceful end to
the Mozambican civil war, established a new state constitution and improved
relations with South Africa. In 2007 Chissano was awarded the Mo Ibrahim
Foundation Prize for his political work.
Paulina Chiziane (born 1955)
The Mozambican writer Paulina Chiziane first published stories in newspapers
before she brought out Balada de Amor ao Vento, the first novel published by a
woman in Mozambique. In 2003 she won the José Craveirinha Prémio thanks to her
novel Niketche: Uma História de Poligamia.
Mia Couto (born 1955)
The Mozambican writer, born in Beira in 1955, is actually called António Emílio
Leite Couto. He owes his stage name to his brother and his passion for cats.
José Craveirinha (1922-2003)
José Craveirinha is rightly called the greatest poet in Mozambique. In his poems
he dealt with topics such as colonialism and racism. The politically active
writer was honored with the Prémio Camões in 1991 and declared a national hero
by President Joaquim Chissano in 2003.
Eusébio da Silva Ferreira (born 1942) Eusébio
da Silva Ferreira,
who was named Footballer of the Year in 1965, grew up in Lourenço Marques (now
Maputo) in Mozambique and was to become a goal-scoring attacking player in the
Maria de Lurdes Mutola (born 1972)
The Mozambican middle-distance runner, who was born in Maputo, is particularly
the 800-meter run. Between 1999 and 2004 she was not defeated in this discipline
in any major race. Mutola became world champion several times and was
characterized by an unusually long sporting career. She only ended this in 2008.
João Bernardo Dias (1926-1949)
The Mozambican writer died very young of tuberculosis and left just one work:
Godido e outros contos was published in 1952, i.e. after his death, and is
considered the first fictional work in Mozambique literature.
António Feio (1954-2010)
Feio, a renowned Portuguese film and theater actor, also worked as a director.
Teresa F. Heinz (born 1938)
The American philanthropist, who was actually born in Maputo as Maria Teresa
Thierstein Simões-Ferreira, is one of the heirs of the Heinz ketchup empire and
sits in the Heinz Family Philanthropies and The foundations developed from this
empire Heinz Endowments. Above all, however, she has become known as the wife of
the US presidential candidate John Kerry.
Luís Augusto Bernardo Manuel Honwana (born 1942)
The former journalist and writer was also active for the Mozambican independence
movement FRELIMO and worked in the government after his country gained
Samora Moisés Machel (1933-1986)
Machel was the first President of the People's Republic of Mozambique from 1975
to 1986 and made his country a one-party state based on the socialist model. He
maintained close relations with the USSR, the PR China and the GDR. After Samora
Machel was killed in a plane crash in 1986 under not entirely clear
circumstances, his wife Graça Machel married Nelson Mandela, the President of
the Republic of South Africa, in 1998.
Mariza (born 1973)
The Portuguese fado singer, who was actually born as Marisa dos Reis Nunes,
actually comes from Mozambique. She is currently one of the most successful fado
artists in the world.
Campos Oliveira (1847-1911)
The poet, born in 1847 as José Pedro da Silva Campos e Oliveira in Ilha de
Moçambique, is considered the first Portuguese-speaking writer in Mozambique.
The occurrence of the plants in Mozambique depends on the different
geographic conditions of the country.
The area of the country consists of about 40% coastal lowlands, where
mangroves can often be found. In the hinterland, on the other hand, the dry
mopane forests predominate.
In the west there is mountain country, with the 2,436 m high Monte Binga and
a few other high plateaus.
The Mozambique highlands are part of the African marginal zone. Within this East
African rift system lies the approximately 29,600 km² Lake Malawi, which extends
between Malawi and the north of Mozambique. Its greatest depth is around 700 m.
The predominant vegetation in the south of Mozambique is the dry savannah
with grasslands, bushes and some dry forests. The grass withers during the dry
season, but can grow up to 2 m high during the rainy season. The local trees
usually shed their leaves during the dry season. Typical trees of the dry
savannah are umbrella acacias and baobabs.
The further north you go, the more often you come across forests, especially
in the east-central areas. Dense forests are located on the Chimoio
plateau. Forests and especially mangroves grow on the coast, which are
particularly important for the protection of coastal areas.