Myanmar: Political System
Myanmar was a military dictatorship and independent from Great Britain since
January 4, 1948.
The constitution from 1974 has no meaning since 1988.
Democratization of the country
Since the end of 2011/beginning of 2012, the country began cautiously opening
up and beginning cautious democratization efforts. For example, Aung San Suu
Kyi, the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, who was under house arrest for around
15 years, was able to take part in the parliamentary by-election on April 1,
2012 and win one of the 44 seats to be awarded.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the national anthem of Myanmar is:
|Gba majay Mymar pyay
Dobo bwa myay si mo chi myano bey.
Byay daungtsu go atht? bay loo do ka kwe mlay.
Da do byay da do myay way myay.
Do byay do myay adjogo nyinya zwa do dudway.
Taung saung ba tso lay do dawon bay apo dan myay.
In the English version
|We shall always love Myanmar,
Land of our forefathers.
We fight and give our lives
For our union.
For her we responsibly shoulder the task,
standing as one in duty to our precious land.
And in the English translation
|We will always love Myanmar,
land of our fathers.
We fight and give our lives
for our union.
For them we take on the task responsibly, we
stand united in our duty to our dear country.
Myanmar is divided into the following seven states and the seven divisions
Chin State with the main state Hakha with an area of
36,019 km2 and approx. 480,000 residents.
Kachin State with the capital Myitkyina with an area of
12,400 km2 and approx. 1.2 million residents is the northernmost state.
Kayah State with the capital Loikaw with an area of
1,640 km2 and approx. 0.25 million residents is located in the east.
Kayin State with the capital Hpa-an with an area of
4,235 km2 and approx. 1.4 million residents is located in the east.
Mon State with the main state Mawlavmyine with an area
of 12,297 km2 and approx. 2.5 million residents.
Rakhine State with the main state Sittwe with an area of
36,778 km2 approx. 2.75 million residents.
Shan Statewith the main state Taunggyi with an area of
155,801 km2 and approx. 4.85 million residents.
Ayeyarwady with the capital Pahein with an area of
35,138 km2 and approx. 6.8 million residents.
Bago mi the capital Bago with an area of 39,404 km2
and approx. 5.1 million residents.
Magway the main state of Magway with an area of 44,820
km2 and approx. 4.5 million residents.
Mandalay the main state of Mandalay with an area of
37,024 km2 and approx. 6.6 million residents.
Saigaing the main state Sagaing with an area of 94,625
km2 and approx. 5.5 million residents
Tanintharyi with the main state Dawei with an area of
43,343 km2 and approx. 1.36 million residents.
Yangon with the main state Yangon with an area of
10,171 km2 and approx. 5.57 million residents.
Myanmar: Known People
Architects and builders
- U Tin
The Burmese architect lived from 1890 to 1972 and constructed several
significant buildings in Yagon, such as the Cityhall in 1927, the train
station in 1919 and the Myoma High School in 1922.
- U Han
The Burmese architect built the temple complex Mohnin Thamboddhein
the 1930s. This is more like an amusement park than a temple in the
- Comodo and Bonvallein
The two architects worked in Burma at the end of the 19th century. They
designed the KinwanPalladian villa out
Aung San Suu Kyi (born 1945)
political woman, Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Aung San Suu Kyi was born on June
19, 1945 in Rangoon.
Until November 13, 2010, she was under house arrest for around 15 years under
the ruling military. She had campaigned for the non-violent democratization of
her home country since the late 1980s and received the Nobel Peace Prize in
Under the president. Suu Kyi was appointed State Advisor to the Government,
Minister of the Office of the President and Minister of Foreign Affairs of
There was strong criticism of her because of her passivity in the face of the
murder and expulsion of the Muslim Rohingya tribe.