Namibia: Political System
Namibia is a presidential republic in the Commonwealth. The bicameral
parliament consists of the National Assembly with 72 members elected every five
years and six members appointed by the head of state, as well as the National
Council with 26 members elected every six years. The head of state is directly
elected every five years. According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
Namibia, Land of the Brave ("Namibia, Land of the
Brave") has been Namibia's national anthem since 1991. Text and music are from
||In the English translation
|Namibia land of the brave, freedom fight we have won,
Glory to their bravery whose blood waters our freedom.
We give our love and loyalty together in unity
contrasting beautiful Namibia, Namibia our country.
Beloved land of savannahs, hold high the banner of liberty.Chorus
Namibia our Country, Namibia, motherland, we love thee.
|Namibia, land of the brave. The fight for freedom has been won,
honor the courage of those who shed their blood for our freedom.
We give our love and freedom together in unity,
beautiful Namibia rich in contrasts, Namibia our country.
Beloved land of the savannah, hold high the banner of freedom. Refrain
Namibia our country, Namibia, motherland, we love you.
The national flag (Landesflagge) of Namibia was introduced on March 21, 1990.
Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the unofficial meaning of the flag colors is as follows:
- Red symbolizes Namibia's population.
- White stands for peaceful coexistence and unity.
- Green symbolizes vegetation and fertility.
- Blue represents the sky and the Atlantic, as well as water and rain.
- The golden yellow sun stands for life and vitality, energy and warmth and the
12 rays of the sun symbolize the different ethnic groups of the country.
Nambia: Well-known people
Juanita (born 1972)
Juanita du Plessis, a Namibian musician and record producer, currently lives in
South Africa. She especially makes pop music and hits, which she sings
exclusively in Afrikaans.
Barbara Kahatjipara (born 1975)
The international model, born in Usakos in 1975, was Miss Namibia in 1993 and is
currently working as a research assistant and lecturer at the Polytechnic in
Simon Kooper (died 1913)
Simon Koper, actually called! Gomxab, was a captain of the so-called
Fransman-Nama (or! Khara-khoen), a people also known pejoratively as
Fransman-Hottentots who belong to the Nama. Koper's life was marked by conflicts
with the colonial rulers of German South West Africa, today's Nambia.
Franz Adolf Eduard Lüderitz (1834-1886) In
1886 the German merchant and first German landowner Franz Lüderitz died in what
was then South West Africa, after whom the colonial society named the Bay of
Angra Pequena Lüderitz Bay. The city of the same name also developed there.
Samuel Maharero (1856-1923)
Maharero held the title of captain (= chief) of the Herero people from 1890 to
1915. In what was then the colony of German South West Africa, he led the
rebellious Herero against the German protection force. After he had managed to
get around 1,500 members of his people to British Bechuanaland, today's
Botswana, before the threat of annihilation, he died there in 1923. Today he is
revered as a hero in Namibia.
Jacobus Morenga (around 1875-1907)
The so-called "black Napoleon" was known as one of the most important leaders in
the Herero and Nama uprising, which lasted from 1904 to 1908. Morenga is often
classified as one of the first modern guerrilla fighters and became a hero for
the Southwest and South Africans; for the German colonial rulers, however, he
was one of the main rivals. No less a person than Kaiser Wilhelm II personally
offered a reward of 20,000 marks on Morenga's head.
Samuel Daniel Shafiishuna Nujoma (born 1929)
Nujoma, often just known as Sam Nujoma, was born in Ongandjera in Namibia and
was President of the Republic of Namibia from 1990 to 2005. He still bears the
official title of the founding father of the Namibian nation. In addition to
questionable political contacts, his reign was marked by a lavish use of public
money and a dictatorial and violent administration.
Paulus Ali Nuumbembe (born 1978)
The Namibian amateur boxer, born in Oshakati in 1978, has fought 155 fights over
the course of his 10-year career, of which he lost just 11.
Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba (born 1935) Pohamba,
who has been President of Nambias since 2005, was born in Okanghudi and was one
of the founding members of the SWAPO (= South-West Africa People's
Organization), which is committed to the fight against the South African
Werner Schulz (1913-1967)
The German footballer and coach, who was born in Swakopmund, played for the
German national football team, for which he played as a right runner in four
international matches. After ending his active career in 1950, he worked as a
Razundara Tjikuzu (born 1979)
Born in Swakopmund, the Namibian professional soccer player Razundara
Tjikuzu. The defensive player kicked from 1995 for SV Werder Bremen and then for
the first division side Kasımpaşaspor. He also played for the national soccer
team in his country.
The typical landscapes of Namibia are grass and steppe landscapes. Since the
climate is very dry, only plants that are adapted to the climate can survive
here. There are hardly any forests in Namibia and trees grow mainly along the
rivers. Of plants is for Namibia The camel thorn tree is a typical plant in
Namibia. But the national plant of Namibia the Welwitschia, which only grows in
the Namib desert.
Representation of individual plants
Danmara milk bush
The Danmara milk bush (Euphorbia damarana) is a plant of the genus Euphorbia in
the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). The plant consists of slender and gray stems
that reach a height of around 2.5 m. The plant is one of the most poisonous
plants in Namibia, so even when burned substances are released that are fatal to
humans if inhaled. Rhinos and oryx, on the other hand, feed on the plant. They
are found in rocky locations.
The grasses in the arid regions grow as sheaf-like tufts of grass made up of
many individual bushes. In between there is almost bare ground. This means that
each plant has its own water catchment area.
Camel thorn tree
camel thorn (Acacia erioloba) is the wrong translation of the Afrikaans word
Kameeldoring - giraffes mandrel.
The wood of the tree is so hard that termites are avoided. Depending on the
water supply, it develops into a bush barely 2 m high or into a tree that is
around 7 m high - in rare cases even higher. The plant has thorns up to 6 cm
long that protect it from animal damage.
The powder of the ground legumes is used in traditional medicine against ear
infections, while the brew from the root is used for toothache and
tuberculosis. The tree can be found in Namibia and Botswana, which is the
dominant plant here, in Angola, Israel, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Tree Quiver Tree (Aloe dichotoma) is a species of aloes
in the subfamily of the Affodilla family (Asphodeloideae) in the family of the
grass tree family (Xanthorrhoeaceae). The term dichotoma comes from the Greek
word dichotomos = divided because of the two-branched branches. It develops
dense spherical crowns and, thanks to their bright color, reflects sunlight.
The tree reaches heights of about 9 m. You can find it except in Namibia in the
Northern Cape Province of South Africa - mostly on rocky slopes.
crust lichen (lichen) are unrooted partnerships from fungi and algae that can
grow than twice their dry weight by the dew of the morning mist more.
Mopane (Colophosperum mopane): This type of tree dominates the so-called Mopane
savannah. Depending on the location and the water supply, the mopane can develop
into thick bushes or into trees 5 to 12 meters high. Its leaf resembles angel's
wings, which fold up in the midday heat, which means that the tree is only a
sparse source of shade. The protein-rich leaves provide popular fodder.
The Nara (Acanthosicyos horridus) belongs to the cucurbitaceae family, which,
with its up to 70 m long roots, penetrates the sand hills on which it grows in
order to get to the groundwater. The plant forms a thicket of thorny branches
that can reach several meters in diameter. The plant endemic to Namibia (only
occurring here) is found in a 40 to 60 km wide strip on the approximately 1,000
km long coast from the Oranje in the south to the Kunene in the north. The
yellow to orange colored Nara fruit is used by many animals as food and is also
popular with the locals because of its high water content.
The red bush (Aspalathus linearis) is a branch shrub that can grow up to about 2
m high. In Afrikaans the plant is called rooibos.
It belongs to the subfamily butterfly family in the legume family
(Fabaceae). The plant is grown to produce rooibos tea, a caffeine-free tea
popular in southern Africa and even the national drink in South Africa. The
rooibos are well protected against dehydration and turn green within a few hours
after rainfall. During the dry season, your metabolism almost comes to a
The Welwitschia (Welwitschia mirabilis) is a desert plant and the only species
from the genus Welwitschia in the family of the Welwitschia plants. It only has
two leaves that grow back from a woody stem. It can be over 1 m high and several
meters in diameter. Since its taproot, which is only a few meters long, can
usually not reach the groundwater, it has a number of special features for the
extraction of water and against dehydration.
This includes their wooden cells, which can absorb water relatively quickly,
but only slowly release it. In addition, the spongy bark of the trunk can soak
up water. The moisture in the mist is used through stomata on the top and bottom
of the leaf.
The plant is native to the Namib desert in parts of Namibia and Angola. The
Welwitschia can be found in the coat of arms of Namibia.
euphorbie The desert euphorbie (Euphorbia virosa) belongs to the genus Euphorbia
in the family of the milkweed plants (Euphorbiaceae). The plant only grows in
the hottest and driest areas. Like the danmara milk bush, it is very poisonous
and, due to its trunk, can store water for long periods of time.