New Hampshire [now: hemp], abbreviated NH, state of New England,
northeastern United States; 24,200 km2, 1.4 million inhabitants
(2018).The capital is Concord.
New Hampshire. State Map.
New Hampshire's scenery is highly influenced by the Appalachians, which in
the north reach their highest peak in Mount Washington (1,917 m asl). The
bedrock consists mainly of rocks and sandstone and slate. The soils are
The state is rich in forests and lakes; largest lake is Lake Winnipesaukee in
central New Hampshire. The coastline in the far south-east is distinguished by
its slightly hilly terrain from the mountain landscape further north.
New Hampshire. Endicott Rock Park Beach on Lake
Winnipesaukee's south side.
Despite its proximity to the Atlantic, New Hampshire has a continental
climate. Concord in southern New Hampshire has an average temperature in January
of −6 °C and in July of 20 ° C. The average annual rainfall here is 950 mm, but
most of New Hampshire receives more than 1,000 mm of annual rainfall.
New Hampshire had a strong population growth until the 00s, after which the
growth rate has decreased somewhat. The state has almost only a white population
(just over 85 percent). The most densely populated is New Hampshire's
southeastern part, which has partially developed into a commuting and suburban
region to Boston. The largest cities are Manchester and Nashua, with
metropolitan areas of about 100,000 inhabitants each. New Hampshire's northern
parts are very sparsely populated.
The service and service industries, such as tourism, form the economic base
of New Hampshire's business. The tourism industry is of great importance both
summer and winter. The state has a relatively large number of small industrial
companies. The formerly dominant shoe and clothing industry has largely been
replaced by, among other things, mechanical and electronic industries. Forestry
is important, while agriculture and mining are of little importance. However,
the granite quarry has ancient origins in the state.
Tourism and gastronomy
The state lacks large and well-known travel destinations, but visitors are
attracted partly by the beautiful nature with mountains and forests, lakes and
rivers, and partly by the good conditions for outdoor recreation and
recreation. Skiing facilities and areas are found almost everywhere in New
Hampshire, not least in the White Mountains.
New Hampshire. Mount Washington (1,917 m asl) is
the highest mountain in the White Mountains.
The opportunities for hunting and fishing are good. In autumn, nature's
beautiful and strong colors attract large crowds of car tourists and
walkers. The historically interested traveler can apply to the old port and
shipbuilding town of Portsmouth, founded in 1630.
The settlers had little time for the refined kitchen; long cooking became
legion and even today a New England boiled dinner is common on the
banknotes, ie. salted meat cooked for hours with root vegetables. The remains
turn into red-flannel hash. The Native Americans' eating habits were
adopted by the newcomers, who learned how to cook pumpkin soup and bake pumpkin
bread. Similarly, zucchini is used in the food or cooked (sweet zucchini
chips) in a sweet dish. Cod was everyday food and is still served as codfish
chowder, a mild, milky fish soup with vegetables. Among the pastries are
The first European settlements were founded in 1623. From 1641 New Hampshire
belonged to Massachusetts but became a royal colony in 1679 and was one of the
13 colonies that in 1776 released themselves from Britain. Agriculture, fishing,
shipbuilding and trade were important industries early on. During the 19th
century, textile and leather production was added, and during the 20th century
the industry became more versatile. Politically, New Hampshire has been
dominated by the Republican Party since the Civil War.