Ohio [o u ha i uo u ], abbreviated OH, state
of the United States; 116,000 km2, 11.7 million inhabitants
(2018).Ohio, located between Lake Erie and the Ohio River, is the easternmost of
the states in the Midwest. It has been named The Buckeye State after
the horse-chestnut characteristic of the state. The capital is Columbus.
Ohio. State Map.
Ohio is set in the southeastern part of a plateau landscape that belongs to
the Appalachians, while the western part of the state constitutes a plain. The
former area mainly has sedimentary rocks, such as sandstones, shales and rich
coal deposits, as well as a scenic landscape.
The western area has a flatter terrain with glacial deposits. Lake Erie
consisted of several ice lakes at the end of the ice age, whose muddy and sandy
deposits are found on the shores of the present lake. The climate is relatively
continental. Cleveland on Lake Eries has an average temperature in January of −3
°C and in July of 22 ° C. The annual rainfall is around 850 mm.
Ohio had stable population growth until the 1970s, but then growth has
slowed. More than 83 percent of the population is white and 12 percent
black. About 75 percent live in cities, and the largest urban regions are
Cincinnati (2.2 million in 2016), Cleveland-Elyria (2.1 million) and Columbus (2
Ohio is one of America's foremost industrial states but also has large
agricultural production. The western part belongs to the so-called corn
belt. The corn is mainly used for animal feed, and animal production (pork and
beef, dairy products) is significant. Furthermore, soybeans, fruits and
vegetables are grown. Limestone quarrying is the largest in the United States,
but coal, natural gas and oil play a greater economic role.
In the past, the business world was dominated by heavy engineering and the
iron and steel industry, but in recent years major restructuring in these
industries has meant that the industry's emphasis has shifted to the plastics
and rubber industry, the biotechnology industry and the service and service
industries. Large research centers are located in Columbus and Cleveland. Ohio
has an excellent transport network with major roads and railways as well as
important ports on Lake Erie (Toledo, Cleveland) and the Ohio River
Ohio. Cincinnati has a significant river port on
the Ohio River.
The disturbance of the environment in Lake Eries is alarming.
Tourism and gastronomy
Although the state lacks really well-known tourist attractions to attract
long-distance visitors, the income from the tourism, travel and recreation
industry is significant. This is partly due to Ohio's location providing a large
stream of transit travelers and partly to the fact that local tourism is
extensive. The big cities with sports and cultural activities, museums etc.
attract many visitors. Ohio can display a variety of historical monuments. Of
great interest are the large burial mounds of prehistoric cultures, such as
the Mound City Group National Monument located 65 km south of
Columbus. From the colonization era there are many restored buildings and
villages with museums about the settlers.
Ohio. Historic setting in the city of Medina, 30 km
southwest of Cleveland. The red building from the late 19th century was formerly
a fire station but has been a city museum since 2013.
Tourist destinations are also the buildings and places reminiscent of those
of US presidents who came from Ohio.
The harsh living conditions that the first colonizers lived under are
reflected in dishes like chipped beef on baked potatoes, where dried,
shredded meat is stewed with onions and mustard, or Midwestern oatmeal cake,
an oat cake that is sweet and filling. Central European fan carries chicken
and dumplings. Nourishing and warming oxtail soup with beans and beans
with pork and, not least, sassafras tea cooked on sassafras root
are other examples of simple foods that remain in this industrialized part of
the United States.
During the 18th century, the area was subject to fighting between France and
the United Kingdom. It was granted the United Kingdom in 1763 and came from 1783
to belong to the United States. Ohio became a part of the Northwest Territory in
1787 and in 1803 the state. The first settlements were founded in 1788, but
fierce resistance from the Native American people prevented a more extensive
colonization until about 1815. Large canal and road construction subsequently
led to a sharp increase in population. Ohio was industrialized early, mainly
thanks to large iron ore assets. Democrats and Republicans have switched to the
power of Ohio.