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Saba

Saba: History and Political System

Saba: History and Political System

Historical outline

Caribs

The first residents of the island were the Caribs, who settled there around 700 AD. They lived in village communities and lived from fishing and agriculture.

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus discovered the island on his second voyage on November 13, 1493, but did not land there because of the rocky coast, and took possession of it for the Spanish Crown.

1632

1632 a group of shipwrecked English landed on Saba. When they were rescued, they reported that the island was uninhabited. However, some artifacts have been found that indicate that Caribs or Arawak Indians may have inhabited the island during this period.

1635 In

1635 a French claimed Saba for Louis XIII of France and around 1640 the Dutch governor of the neighboring island of St. Eustatius sent settlers to Saba to colonize them, but four years later they were expelled by the Englishman Thomas Morgan. However, over the centuries, ownership of the island changed frequently between the Netherlands, Spain, Great Britain and France.

1816

From 1816 the Netherlands finally took possession of Saba.

17th and 18th centuries

In the 17th and 18th centuries, sugar, rum and later fishing were the island's main source of income. In the 17th century England deported "undesirable persons" to the Caribbean colonies, many of whom became pirates. One of the island's famous pirates was Hiram Beakes. It is believed that Saba was the headquarters of the Jamaican pirates during this period.

Later sea trade became an important source of income and many of the men went to sea, during which time hand-made lace made by the island's women became an important trade.

1938

The first paved road was not built until 1938 and in 1947 the first motor vehicle came to the island

1954

Saba became an island area of the founded autonomous state of the Netherlands Antilles in 1954

1959, 1960 and 1963

The first aircraft landed in a breakneck maneuver on a makeshift runway in 1959, pilot Remy de Haenen proved that it was possible to land an aircraft on the island. As a result, the construction of an airport began in 1960, which was completed in 1963.

1970, 1972 and 1976 In

1970 the island was fully supplied with electricity for the first time, the port was expanded in 1972 and a private medical university was founded 14 years later.

2010, 2011

At the request of the people of Saba, the representatives of the Netherlands and the Netherlands Antilles decided on December 15 to dissolve the National Association of the Netherlands Antilles with effect from October 10, 2010. Since that day Saba has been a “special municipality” in the Netherlands. From 2011, the Netherlands Antilles guilder was replaced by the US dollar as the official currency.

Political system

Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten form - since the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on October 10, 2010 - together with the "Netherlands in Europe" the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

The "Netherlands in Europe" also includes the islands of Bonaire, Sint Estatius and Saba in the Caribbean - as so-called "special municipalities". Therefore, the Queen or the King of the Netherlands is the head of state of Sheba.

Saba flag and coat of arms

National anthem

The hymn of Saba was written and composed by Christina Maria Jeurissen or Sister Waltruda from the Order of Dominican Nuns in 1960

  1. Saba, you rise from the ocean,

    with mountain and hillside so steep,

    How can we reach you to greet you,

    Isle of the sea, rough and deep.

    Come, let us look at the rowers

    with faces so placid and calm,

    Guide us now safe through the breakers,

    take us ashore without harm.

Refrain

Saba, Oh Jewel most precious,

In the Caribbean sea.

Mem'ries will stay of thy beauty,

Though we may roam far from thee.

  1. Saba, oh pearl of the ocean,

    Friendly and lovely, though small,

    Do not forget to be grateful,

    To God the creator of all.

    He in his goodness will guide you

    and bless you in every part,

    Making you always most precious

    Saba, so dear to my heart.

Refrain

Saba, Oh jewel most precious,

In the Caribbean Sea.

Mem'ries will stay of thy beauty,

Though we may roam far from thee

 

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