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San Marino

San Marino: Political System

San Marino has been a republic since 1599, making it the oldest republic in the world. The unicameral parliament, the Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale), consists of 60 members. They are elected every five years by a population of at least 18 years of age.

San Marino: Political System

The highest executive in the country is the State Congress, which is responsible for implementing the decisions of the council. In contrast, there is no head of government in San Marino..

The heads of state are two collegially incumbent "government councilors" (Capitani Reggenti) who are elected every six months by the parliament (council). Their inauguration takes place on April 1st and October 1st. All citizens entitled to vote (Arengo) are convened twice a year on the Sunday after the inauguration of the Capitani Reggenti and are given the opportunity to submit proposals and requests of general interest to the Consiglio Grande.

According to Digopaul.com, the official name of the country is:

Republic of San Marino

(Repubblica di San Marino)

National anthem

The hymn of San Marino

Based on flag descriptions by Countryaah.com, the hymn of San Marino (Inno Nazionale della Repubblica) is a piece of music without text and was composed by the violinist and composer Federico Consolo (1841–1906).

The hymn was declared the official hymn of San Marino by the "Consiglio Principe e Sovrano" - the highest legislative body of the republic - at the session of September 11, 1894. In the same year it was officially played for the first time on the occasion of the inauguration of the government palace.

It sounds regularly every six months - on April 1st and October 1st - at the inauguration of the new Capitani Reggenti.

San Marino flag and coat of arms

Famous people from San Marino

Federico Consolo (1841-1906)

This violin player and composer composed, among other things, the hymn of San Marino.

Umberto Eco (1932-2016)

The famous Italian writer, philosopher, columnist, media scientist and, of course, semiotics became world famous primarily through his novel "The Name of the Rose".

The long-standing professor at the University of Bologna, who has received 33 honorary doctorates, is connected to San Marino to the extent that he founded the associated International Center for Semiotic and Cognitive Studies at the UniversitÓ degli Studi di San Marino in 1988, where he also established until 1995 held a teaching position.

Eco died on February 19, 2016 in Milan.

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)

The famous Italian freedom fighter and protagonist of the so-called Risorgimento was also called the “hero of two worlds” in recognition of his deeds, because he was militarily active not only in Italy but also in South America.

After the suppression of the revolutions of 1848/49 Garibaldi had to flee to San Marino and in 1861 received citizenship of the small country.

Marinus of Rab (d. 366)

St. Marinus is considered the founder of San Marino. According to tradition, this stone mason is said to have come from the island of Rab across the Adriatic to today's Croatia because he had fled from the persecution of Christians by Diocletianus.

Allegedly he founded the dwarf state on September 3, 301. According to legend, he died in 366.

Manuel Poggiali (born 1983)

The motorcycle racer, who was born in San Marino in 1983, was able to claim his first Grand Prix victory in France in 2001.

 

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