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Serbia: Political System

Serbia is a republic. The head of state is the president, who is elected for four years. Re-election is possible once. The prime minister is the head of government. He is elected by parliament. The parliament has 250 members who are directly elected for four years.

Serbia: Political System

According to, the official name of the country is:

Republic of Serbia

National anthem

Based on flag descriptions by, the national anthem of Serbia is as follows:

Serbia flag and coat of arms

In Serbian language

Bože pravde, ti što spase

od propasti do sad nas,

čuj i od sad naše glase

i od sad nam budi spas.Moćnom rukom vodi, brani

budućnosti srpske brod,

Bože spasi, Bože hrani,

srpske zemlje, srpski rod!

Srbiju nam Bože brani,

moli ti se srpski rod!Složi srpsku braću dragu

na svak dičan slavan rad,

sloga biće poraz vragu

a najjači srpstvu grad.Nek na srpstva blista grani

bratske sloge zlatan plod,

Bože spasi, Bože hrani

srpske zemlje, srpski rod!

Srbiju nam Bože brani,

moli ti se srpski rod!Iz mračnoga sinu groba

srpske slave novi sjaj,

nastalo je novo doba,

novu sreću Bože daj.Srbiju nam Bože brani,

pet vekovne borbe plod,

Bože spasi, Bože hrani,

srpske zemlje, srpski rod!

Srbiju nam Bože brani,

moli ti se srpski rod!

And in the English translation

God of righteousness, who saved

us from doom up to now,

continue to hear our voices

and be our redemption from now on.

Guide and protect

the future of the Serbian ship with a mighty hand.

God save, God feed

the Serbian lands, the Serbian race!

Unite the Serbian dear brothers

in every splendid, glorious work,

unity will be the devil's defeat

and Serbianism the most powerful castle.


the fraternal harmony golden fruit dawn over Serbia.

God save, God feed

the Serbian lands, the Serbian race!

May on serene Serbian forehead

the thunder of your anger will not fall,


fields, fields, towns and homes for the Serb village !

When the days of struggle come,

take your step to victory.

God save, God feed

the Serbian lands, the Serbian race!

From the dark grave of

the Serbian glory shines new splendor,

dawned a new epoch

new happiness God give us.

May the Serbian fatherland protect

the fruit of the five centuries of struggle.

God save, God nourish,

pray to you the Serbian sex!


Writer and poet

  • Ivo Andrić (1892-1975), writer and diplomat. Among other things, he wrote "The Bridge over the Drina", "The Fäulein" and "The House in Solitude". 1961 received the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • Bora Ćosić (born 1932), writer. He wrote "The Baroque Eye", "The Customs Declaration" and "Das Land Nul".
  • Novak Djokovic (born 1987) world class tennis player. Novak Djokovic was born on May 22, 1987 in Belgrade.

    He won the prestigious lawn tournament at Wimbledon in England in 2011, 2014, 2015 and 2018.

  • Antonije Isaković (1923-2002), writer. Among other things, he wrote the book "Berlin kaputt", which was also made into a film.
  • Danilo Kiš (1935-1989), writer. He wrote the volume of poetry "Shoes" and the novel "Hourglass".
  • Simo Matavulj (1852-1908), writer. He wrote "His Glory Brother Brne".
  • Ljubomir P. Nenadović (1826-1895), writer.
  • Milorad Pavić (born 1929), writer. He wrote "The Khazarian Dictionary", "Landscape Painted in Tea" and "The Inner Side of the Wind or The Novel by Hero and Leander".
  • Veljko Petrović (1884-1967), writer. He mainly wrote poems and stories.

Doctors and natural scientists


  • Laza Kuzman Lazarević (1851-1890), doctor and writer. He researched and wrote primarily on neurology. Lazarević was a member of the Royal Academy.

Natural scientist

  • Mihajlo Pupin Idvorski (1854-1935), physicist and writer. In 1884 he invented the Pupin's coil, which enabled telephoning over long distances.
  • Mileva Einstein-Marić (1875 - 1948), natural scientist and Albert Einstein's first wife.
  • Milutin Milanković (1879-1958), astrophysicist. He became known for his calculation of the Milanković cycles in paleoclimatology.

Visual artists and musicians

Visual artist

  • Marina Abramovic (born 1946) has lived in Paris and Amsterdam since 1975. She held visiting professorships at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the University of the Arts in Berlin, from 1992 - 1996 a professorship at the University of Fine Arts in Hamburg and in 1997 a teaching position at the University of Fine Arts in Braunschweig. She does performance art and in 1997 she received the Golden Lion at the Venice Biennale for her performance "Balkan Baroque".
  • Tanja Ostojic (born 1972), performance artist.


  • Petar Krstić (1877-1957), composer.
  • Ljubica Marić (1909-2003), composer and professor of music.
  • Vasilije Mokranjac (1923-1984), composer and professor of composition.
  • Bata Illic (born 1939), pop singer. Illic has lived in Germany since the 1970s. "Michaela" is one of his greatest hits.
  • Sinan Sakić (born 1956), turbo-folk singer.
  • Željko Joksimović (born 1972), pop singer. He won second place at the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest.
  • Dara Bubamara (born 1978), turbo-folk singer.
  • Jelena Karleuša (born 1978), pop singer.

Serbia: politicians and rulers

  • Miloš Obrenović (1783 - 1860), leader in the Second Serbian uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1815, during which he achieved the independence of Serbia. The Obrenović dynasty is derived from him. Obrenović was prince of Serbia from 1815-1839 and from 1858-1860
  • Milan I. Obrenović (1819-1839), Prince of Serbia in 1839.
  • Mihailo Obrenović (1823-1868), Prince of Serbia from 1839-1842 and from 1860-1868.
  • Milan I. Obrenović (1854-1901), Prince of Serbia from 1868-1882 and King of Serbia from 1882-1889.
  • Aleksandar Obrenović (1876-1903), King of Serbia from 1889-1903.
  • Peter I (1844-1921), King of Serbia from 1903 to 1921.
  • Alexander I. Karađorđević (1888 - 1934), Prince Regent of Serbia from 1914 - 1918 and King of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes from 1921 - 1934, which was called the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1929.
  • Peter II Karađorđević (1923-1970), last king of Yugoslavia.
  • Nikola Pašić (1845-1926), politician and head of government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
  • Slobodan Milosevic (1941-2006). He was the president of Serbia and later of Yugoslavia. He represented a strong Serbian-nationalist policy within Yugoslavia, which triggered the war with Bosnia and Croatia or in Kosovo. Since his extradition to the International Court of Justice in The Hague on June 22, 2001, he has had numerous war crimes before the court. He died there on March 11, 2006 in his cell.
  • Radovan Karadić (born 1945), psychiatrist and politician. He was charged with war crimes during the war in Yugoslavia before the Hague Tribunal. Karadic is said to have given the order to murder around 8,000 men in Srebrenica.
  • Ratko Mladić (born 1943), politician and general. Mladic was Commander-in-Chief of the Serbian forces in Herzegovina in the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995. He was charged with war crimes before the Hague Tribunal. He is said to be the mastermind behind the Srebrenica massacre, which is considered the worst war crime since World War II.
  • Zoran Djindic (1952 - 2003) He was a politician and writer. He contributed significantly to the overthrow of the Miloševic regime. In 2001 he became Prime Minister of Serbia. As a western-oriented politician and because of his campaign against corruption and organized crime, he had many opponents and was murdered by a sniper in 2003 for these reasons.
  • Boris Tadić (born 1958), politician and President of the Republic of Serbia since 2004.
  • Vuk Drašković (born 1946), Foreign Minister of Serbia since 2006.
  • Vojislav Koštunica (born 1944), President of Yugoslavia from 2000 to 2003 and Acting Prime Minister of Serbia.

Actors, directors

  • Anica Dobra (born 1963), actress. She played in A Family Scare Rarely Comes Alone "," Frau Einstein "and" The Main Prize ".
  • Danilo Lazović (1951-2006), actor.
  • Gojko Mitić (born 1940), actor and director. He played in numerous DEFA Indian films.


  • Mirjana Marković (born 1942), widow of Slobodan Milošević.
  • Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (1787 - 1864), diplomat, poet, philologist and founder of the modern Serbian written language.
  • Gavrilo Princip (1894-1918). He killed the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, on June 28, 1914. This assassination attempt is seen as the trigger for the First World War.


  • Dejan Bodiroga (born 1973), basketball player.
  • Novak Djokovic (born 1987), tennis player and promising young talent. 2011 Wimledon Winner.
  • Aleksandar Đorđević (born 1967), basketball player and UNICEF ambassador.
  • Svetozar Gligorić (born 1923), chess grandmaster.
  • Vladimir Grbić (born 1970), volleyball player. He won the gold medal with the national team at the 2000 Olympic Games.
  • Borislav (Boris) Ivkov (born 1933), chess master
  • Mateja Kežman (born 1979), football player. He played at Chelsea FC and currently at Atletico Madrid.
  • Nenad Krstić (born 1983), NBA basketball player.
  • Ljubomir Ljubojević (born 1950), chess master.
  • Aleksandar Matanović (born 1930), chess master.
  • Igor Rakoč ević (born 1978), NBA basketball player.
  • Željko Rebrač a (born 1972), NBA basketball player.
  • Monica Seles (born 1973), tennis player. She was world number one in 1991.

Theologians and philosophers

  • Božidar Knežević (1862-1905), philosopher and historian.
  • St. Sava of Serbia (approx. 1174 - 1235), founder and first archbishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church.






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