Solomon Islands: Political System
The Solomon Islands are a parliamentary republic of democratic monarchy in
the Comonwealth of Nations.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
The head of state is the Queen of England, who is represented by the Gerernal
Governor, whose term of office is five years. The Prime Minister is elected by
Parliament with an absolute majority for four years. He chooses his cabinet
members from parliament.
The parliament is a unicameral parlement with 50 seats. Opposition members are
often bought, just as others openly cast their votes to the highest bidder. In
each election, around 50% of the members were therefore voted out by the
people. But with little success.
The state is made up of nine provinces and the capital region: Central,
Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara, Santa Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell and
Bellona, Temotu and Western.
These provinces each have a provincial assembly with a chairman.
The text and music of the national anthem of the Solomon Islands come from
The English version
|The English version
||In the English translation
|God save our Salomon Islands from shore to shore
Bless all our people and all our Lands
With your protecting hands
Joy, peace, progress and prosperity
That men shall brothers be, making nations see
Our Solomon Islands, our Solomon Islands
Our Nation Solomon Islands stands for ever more
|God protect our Solomon Islands from coast to coast
Bless all our people and our land
With Your protecting hands
Joy, Peace, Progress and Prosperity
That all people be brothers, let all nations see
Our Solomon Islands, our Solomon Islands,
Our Solomon Islands exists forever.
The national flag (country flag) of the Solomon Islands was officially
introduced on November 18, 1977. Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the colors of the flag are interpreted as follows:
- The five white stars symbolize the five districts Eastern, Western, Malatia,
Central Islands and Outer Islands.
- Blue symbolizes the ocean
- Yellow symbolizes the sun
- Green stands for the land and its natural resources.
Solomon Islands: Known People
Alick Wickham (1886-1967)
Alick Wickham was born on June 1, 1886 in Gizo, Solomon Islands. In 1898, as a
12-year-old in Sydney, he presented a swimming style with which he beat all
competitors. His swimming style, the crawl or crawl, caused a sensation at the
Olympic Games in 1900. He had lived in Sydney from 1901 to 1927 and then
returned to the Solomon Islands.
He died on August 11, 1967 in a hospital in Honiara, the capital of the Solomon
Solomon Islands: animals
Mammals are rather limited on the islands. Bats, rats, mice and fruit bats
are numerous. The latter are also known as flying foxes. They are 6 - 40 cm
tall, crepuscular mammals with a dog-like head and large eyes. They have a short
tail, which is often completely absent. The fruit bats feed mainly on fruits,
although some species are nectar suckers.
The northern woolly cuscus is the only Marsupialier from the climbing bag family
that occurs on the islands. It becomes approx. 80 cm long, with the grasping
tail taking 35 cm of it. The nocturnal tree dwellers are very variable in their
coloration, the coat color changes depending on gender, age, state of health and
occurrence. It is also widespread in northern New Guinea and on the Bismarck
Achipel. The woolly cuscus feeds mainly vegetarian on flowers, leaves and
fruits. However, caterpillars and grasshoppers are not spurned either. The
opposum also appears here.
There are 23 different species on the islands, including railings and
thrushes. The fruit pigeon and the beautiful collar pigeon are also found on the
Solomon Islands. The latter is 45 cm tall and has blue-green metallic colored
feathers. The blue-gray wreath of feathers around the neck, which also gave it
its name, and the white tail feathers are striking. The sexes can hardly be
distinguished from one another. They look quite similar, with the females being
slightly smaller than the males.
The collar pigeon breeds on small wooded islands and is not only found in the
Solomon Islands but also in the Philippines, New Guinea and Palau. It lives
mostly near the ground in the tropical rainforests of the islands and can only
rarely be recognized by its plumage. In addition to fruits and seeds, their diet
also occasionally includes insects and small invertebrates. Although it should
be protected as its population continues to decline, it is still hunted in the
The Pacific fruit pigeon is a bird up to 40 cm tall, sometimes referred to in
German as the tonga fruit pigeon. However, this is not entirely correct, as it
is not only common in Tonga and the Solomon Islands, but also in Samoa and
Tuvalu as well as Fiji, the Loyalty Islands, American Samoa, Kiribati, Tokelau,
the Bismarck Archipelago and the Cook Islands. Their diet mainly includes fruits
and berries, but nuts are also on the menu.
Typical birds are birds of paradise, cassowaries and parrots, such as. B. the
parrot. This bird, which is also found in New Guinea, the Moluccas, the Sunda
Islands and in the north and east of Australia, is between 35 and 40 cm
tall. Males and females can be easily distinguished by the color of their
feathers. While the female has a red basic color, the male is green. Their diet
includes fruits and vegetables.
Cockatoos, honey eaters, hornbills and sea eagles are common on the small island
of Uepi Island.
A special bird is the big foot hen that can be seen on the dormant volcano of
Savo. These inconspicuous birds are about 30 cm long and have a simple
gray-colored plumage. They can usually only be recognized by the prints on the
large feet and the melodious duet singing of the couples. What is special about
the large footed chicken is that it does not hatch its eggs itself, but uses
various external heat sources. It deposits them near hot springs or in places
where the magma reaches relatively close to the surface of the earth. This is
where the chicks develop and are left on their own after they hatch. Its diet
consists mainly of insects, but snails, seeds and fallen fruits are also on the
menu. Since the bird, also known as Malau, is not very adaptable,
Endemic (only occurring in the Solomon Islands) is the Solomon Owl, which
belongs to the owl family.
Much more common than mammals are the reptiles and amphibians in the Solomon
Islands. Lizards, skinks, snakes and sea turtles are numerous, as are frogs and
At 76 cm, the wound tail skink is the largest species in the skink family and is
also known as the Solomon Islands giant skink. The smooth, overlapping scales
are typical of skinks. The wrapped-tail skink has a strong, very agile
prehensile tail as well as strong legs with well-developed claws. Equipped in
this way, these nocturnal reptiles move mainly in the treetops and hardly ever
stay near the ground. Their diet is predominantly vegetarian.
Monitor lizards are also found in the Solomon Islands. Two types are the
barbed-neck monitor and the mangrove monitor. The latter is about 1.80 m long
and is one of the few salt water tolerant monitor lizards. Therefore, it can
also colonize habitats such as brackish water and mangrove forests.
The saltwater crocodile is very impressive in terms of size. It is the
largest living crocodile, with the longest animal ever measured being about 8
meters long. The saltwater crocodile lives in coastal waters, mangrove swamps
and at river mouths and is relatively widespread. Its distribution area includes
the coasts of Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, Burma and Cambodia,
the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Bismarck Islands and Australia. This
crocodile has been protected since the late 1970s.
You can also find the Pacific Boa (also under the names Pacific Tree Boa,
Pacific Boa, South Sea Boa)
There are around 130 different species of butterflies in the Solomon
Islands. You have to be careful of the fever mosquito, which transmits the
Centipedes and scorpions can be dangerous. However, these tend to be hidden
and are therefore not so easy to find.
Solomon Islands: plants
On the coasts of the Solomon Islands, mainly mangroves and coconut palms
grow, while the interior of the islands is dominated by dense rainforests.
The pulp of the sago palm is very rich in starch and is therefore often used
as food. The juice of the coconut palm is tapped and fermented into palm wine
within just one day. This can be further processed into a syrup or candy by
boiling it for a short or longer period of time.
In addition to coconut and oil palm groves, there are also cocoa plantations and
Chewing betel nuts is not only widespread in the Solomon Islands. The fruits
of the betel palm, which can be up to 30 m high, are wrapped in the leaves of
the betel pepper together with lime and slowly chewed. The dye contained in the
fruits turns the saliva red and, with permanent use, the teeth black. The beggar
nuts are said to have a slightly intoxicating, stimulating and euphoric
effect. They also stimulate salivation, have a laxative and diuretic effect and
are supposed to suppress the feeling of hunger
The constant chewing of beggar nuts stimulates the oral mucosa and can lead
to the formation of benign tumors and ultimately also carcinomas. Allegedly,
8-10 g of the nuts are also said to be fatal by causing cardiac arrest or
There are a total of 4,500 different plant species on the Solomon Islands,
most of which belong to the orchids. The sago palm grows in the fresh water
swamps. In terms of evolution, it is a further development of the ferns and thus
belongs to the cycad family. The light brown trunk is spherical when young, but
can become tree-high with age. It carries feathery and dark green fronds that
can reach a length of 8 m over time.
The evergreen, about 1.5 m high ribbon bush has flattened, about 2 cm wide
branches that are 1 mm thick and leafless. They appear clearly structured and
give the plant a rather bizarre appearance. The white flowers, on the other
hand, are small and inconspicuous. In winter the ribbon bush bears red
fruits. Although it is a tropical plant, the ribbon bush can also handle low
temperatures down to 0 °C very well.
The sago palm is native to Southeast Asia. The betel palm was also imported