South Dakota [sa u θdəko u ʹtə], abbreviated SD, US
state; 200,000 km2, 882,200 inhabitants (2018).The capital is Pierre.
South Dakota. State Map.
South Dakota is one of America's prairie states and is divided by the
Missouri River into two roughly equal areas. The eastern part has previously
been covered by inland ice and has soils with fertile moraine clay.
The western half has leaner soils and a landscape characterized by remnant
mountains and plateaus with deep cut canyon valleys. The highest part of South
Dakota is the Black Hills to the west, which at Harney Peak reaches 2,207 m asl.
The climate is continental with cold winters with average temperatures around
−5 °C to −10 °C and hot summers, when the temperature often reaches above 30 °
C. The rainfall varies between 350 and 600 mm per year.
A significant relocation resulted in South Dakota being one of the four
states whose population declined during the 1980s. During the 2000s the trend
has reversed and the population again increased.
Of the residents, 86 percent are white and 9 percent Native American. A large
part of the population has Scandinavian onset. About 50 percent live in the
countryside. The largest city is Sioux Falls (171,500 inhabitants,
2016). Incidentally, only Rapid City (75,600) and Aberdeen (28,100) have more
The state's economy is based on service and service industries, in the
healthcare and financial sectors, as well as agriculture. The rationalization is
far driven on the capital-intensive and highly mechanized farms (average area
over 500 ha), but the focus is often one-sided and the sensitivity to price
fluctuations is great. About 90 percent of the state's land is used for
agriculture, and 40 per cent of that is arable land, mainly east of
Missouri. Mainly maize, wheat and soybeans are grown, but also oats, rye and
sunflowers. Overall, livestock production provides the largest income. The
Ellsworth Air Force Base, near Rapid City, is one of the state's largest
workplaces. In the Black Hills, tourism plays a big role.
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism, which is mainly limited to the summer, is an important source of
income. The state has many monuments from the colonization period, i.a. from the
days of the gold rush and the wild west era of the 1870s in the Black Hills. It
now attracts both visits to various gold mines and a trip to the small town of
Deadwood with its partly preserved main street (northwest of Rapid City). In one
of the saloons, the legendary "Wild Bill" Hickok was shot dead during a poker
party in 1876. Both he and other well-known western figures, such as Calamity
Jane, are buried nearby.
Another historic visitor destination is Mount Rushmore (southwest of Rapid
City), where Gutzon Borglum carved directly from the cliff about 20 m high
portrait heads of Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore
Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
South Dakota. In 1927, work began to carve directly
from Mount Rockmore's northeastern side a portrait of (from left) Presidents
Washington, Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Lincoln.
In the southwestern part of the state is also Wounded Knee, known to the 1890
Native American massacre.
South Dakota is not directly known for its varied nature, but the Badlands
National Park exhibits one of the most distinctive habitats in the United
States, which attracts many visitors. So does the Wind Cave National Park (south
of Rapid City), which has one of the country's largest cave systems, of which
about 120 km are explored. In the eastern part of the state there are a variety
of small lakes known for their fishing and duck hunting opportunities.
In this prairie-dominated state, where many Scandinavians (mainly Swedes and
Norwegians) settled over 100 years ago, the food was something that would
saturate and give strength to the hard wear and tear on the fields; here was no
breeding ground for flirtatious recipes and no time for dinner
invitations. Instead, before the harvest, you could gather for a feast,
something that lives on in the buffet dinner that can almost be likened
to a sandwich table, and which still today consists of a rich selection of
powerful, simple dishes that cater to the taste and appetite of ham., chicken,
ribs, meatballs, meatloaf, fried potatoes, apple and cherry pies (eg apple
Jonathan and cherry cobbler) and bread.
The ysteries are very productive and the cheese contributes to the
substantial breakfasts, where pancakes, eggs and bacon are standard. Roast
venison (roe deer) and roast or grilled pike occur on the weekend menus.
The area came to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana
Purchase. The first permanent European settlement came into being in 1859.
Dakota became territory in 1861, and in the 1870s the discovery of gold deposits
made the population rapidly increase. South Dakota became the state in 1889,
when the territory was divided into a southern and a northern part. Agriculture
and livestock farming have always been the most important
industries. Politically, South Dakota has been dominated by Republicans, but
since the mid-1950s, Democrats have occasionally seized power in state