Uganda: Political System
Uganda is a presidential republic in the Commonwealth on paper. The
unicameral parliament consists of 276 members, 214 of whom are elected and 62
are appointed by the president. The Constituent Assembly consists of 288
members, 214 of whom are elected and 74 are appointed. The head of state is
directly elected every five years.
According to Digopaul.com,
the official name of the country is:
Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty has been Uganda's national anthem
since 1962. The music is by George Wilberforce Kakoma. Peter Wingard wrote the
||In the English translation
|Oh Uganda! may God uphold thee,
We lay our future in thy hand;
United, free for liberty
together we'll always stand.
Oh Uganda! the land of freedom,
Our love and labor we give;
And with neighbors all
At our country's call
In peace and friendship we'll live.
Oh Uganda! the land that feeds us,
By sun and fertile soil grown;
For our own dear land,
We'll always stand,
The Pearl of Africa's Crown.
|Oh, Uganda, may God keep you,
We put our future in your hands,
United, ready for freedom
Together we will always stand.
Oh Uganda! Land of freedom,
we give our love and our work
and with all our neighbors
we will live on the call of our land
peacefully and amicably.
Oh Uganda! The land that nourishes us
Grown by sun and fertile soil;
For our beloved land,
we will always stand up,
The pearl of Africa's crown.
The national flag (country flag) of Uganda was officially introduced on
October 9, 1962 after independence from the United Kingdom from Great Britain
and Northern Ireland (UK). Based on flag descriptions by
Countryaah.com, the colors and symbols of the flag are interpreted as
- Black symbolizes the people of Africa
- Yellow symbolizes the sun
- Red stands for the brotherhood of the people
- The crowned crane was not used by any of the previous kingdoms and tribes and
is therefore generally used as a neutral emblem accepted.
Uganda: People we know
Sulaiman Tenywa Bonseu (born 1976)
Bonseu is a Ugandan football player from Kampala. Most recently, he played for
the Pittsburgh Riverhounds and for the Ugandan national soccer team.
John Akii-Bua (1949-1997)
Akii-Bua became the first Ugandan runner to win a gold medal at the Olympic
Games. That was in 1972 when he was able to set a new world record time for the
400 meter hurdles in Munich.
Idi Amin Dada (1928-2003)
Idi Amin was considered one of the cruelest dictators in Africa. He ruled his
country with brutal violence from 1971 to 1979. As “His Excellency, President
for Life, Field Marshal Al Hadji Doctor Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, Lord of all
creatures on earth and all fish of the seas and conqueror of the British Empires
in Africa in general and Uganda in particular “politicians to be designated”
came to power in a 1971 coup. It is estimated that up to 400,000 people died
under him. In terms of foreign policy, he followed a racist, pro-Soviet and
anti-Israel course. In 1978 he declared war on Tanzania. The war was lost,
however, and Amine was also deposed. The "butcher of Africa" fled to Libya,
Iraq and finally to Saudi Arabia,
Moses Isegawa (born 1963)
The writer, born in 1963 in Kawempe, Uganda, became famous with his debut novel
Abyssinian Chronicle from 1990. His novel The Snake Pit, in which he deals with
the recent political history of his country, is also known.
Ayub Kalule (born 1954)
The former Ugandan boxer, born in Kampala in 1954, started his career as a
professional boxer in Denmark in 1976. In 1985 he became European champion.
China Keitetsi (born 1976 You can read about the
fact that girls in Uganda were also "recruited" as child soldiers in China
Keitetsi's novel They Took My Mother and gave me a gun.
David Kato Kisule (1964-2011)
In 2011, one of the most famous gay activists in his country was murdered by two
hammer blows on the head. Kisule's funeral in Namataba turned into a farce when
an Anglican priest gave a hate speech against homosexuals on the occasion.
Joseph Kony (born around 1961)
Joseph Kony is the leader of the Lord's Resistance Army from Odek. This feared
Ugandan rebel group is terrorizing the civilian population in the north of
Uganda and is waging a cruel guerrilla war against the Ugandan government. The
aim of Kony's group is to transform Uganda into a Christian state of God.
Taban lo Liyong (born 1938)
Taban lo Liyong is a Sudan-born Ugandan poet and literary scholar who has taught
at various universities around the world. A new translation of Okot p'Bitek's
“Lawinos Lied” from 1999 is part of his rather minor literary work.
Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1858-1945)
Lugard was a British soldier, explorer, and most importantly, colonial
administrator. In 1890 - after a number of other tasks - he was posted to
Buganda, where he was responsible as a colonial administrator. In this role he
founded the fort, in the vicinity of which Kampala was later built. His main
political task was to come to agreements with the Omukama (King) Kasagama of
Toro in order to bind Toro to the British Empire. This ultimately led to the
establishment of the Uganda Protectorate. The Kingdom of Toro was one of a
series of kingdoms at the time and is located on the south bank of Lake Albert.
Mahmood Mamdani (born 1946)
The anthropologist and political scientist Mahmood Mamdani was born in 1946 in
Bombay, India. But he grew up in the Ugandan capital Kampala. The main theme of
Mamdani is religious fundamentalism and its effects on politics and society.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (born 1944)
Museveni has been the President of Uganda since 1986. He privatized companies
and fueled conflicts with Rwanda, Sudan and the DR Congo through his
politics. Domestically, he fights against the radical Lord's Resistance Army,
which is pushing for the establishment of a state of God in Uganda. Museveni's
successes included the containment of the immune deficiency disease AIDS and the
diplomatic disarmament of Ugandan fighters.
Savio Nsereko (born 1989)
The German football player of AC Florence, known for short as Savio, was born in
1989 in the Ugandan capital Kampala. He is currently playing for the Bulgarian
first division club FC Chernomorez Burgas.
Apollo Milton Obote (1924-2005)
Obote was President of Uganda from 1966 to 1971 and again from 1980 to
1985. Between his first and second terms in office, his army chief Idi Amin
ruled the country with a hard hand.
Okot p'Bitek (1931-1982)
P'Bitek was a Ugandan poet and ethnologist whose most important work was Lawinos
Lied (Wer pa Lawino). The work, written in Acholi, was translated into English
by Taban lo Liyong in 1999.
Pilkington Ssengendo (born 1942)
The well-known Ugandan painter Pilkington Ssengendo is his 1992 Dean of the
Faculty of Fine Arts at Kampala's Makerere University. His art was initially
characterized by a landscape impressionism.
About half of all mountain gorillas worldwide live in the 391 km² Bwindi
National Park, an almost impenetrable rainforest in the extreme southwest of
- Beisa antelopes - Elliptical
waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) (see below)
- Swamp antelopes
- Ugandan grass antelope (Kobus thomasi), also known as Uganda Kob
Erdwolfe (Proteles cristata) belong to the genus Proteles in the subfamily of
the Protelinae and in the family of the hyenas (Hyaenidae). Aardwolf are the
smallest species in the hyena family. They reach a head-trunk length between 55
to 80 cm, with a bushy 20 to 30 cm long tail. Your shoulder height is between 45
and 50 cm. The weight varies between 8 and 12 kg in southern Africa and up to 14
kg in the east.
The golden monkey (Cercopithecus kandti) is a primate of the genus monkeys
(Cercopithecus) in the family of Cercopithecidae (Cercopithecidae). The animals
live exclusively in a few smaller areas in the area of the Virunga volcanoes
and around Lake Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Rwanda and Uganda.
The animals reach a head-trunk length of 55 to 65 and a tail about 80 cm
long. The weight of the males is 7 to 10 kg, that of the females 3 to 4 kg.
Their fur is golden yellow to reddish on the back. The shoulders, arms and legs,
the last third of the tail and the top of the head are blackish in color. The
perineum and the underside of the tail base are yellow and then alternately
colored red and black.
Spoonbills (Otocyon megalotis) are also known as spoonbills. The animals from
the genus Otocyon belong to the tribius of the real foxes (Vulpini) in the
family deer dogs (Canidae). The animals reach a head-trunk length between 45 and
65 cm, with a 25 to 35 cm long tail. The shoulder height is 30 to 40 cm, with a
weight of 3.0 to 5.5 kg. Their namesake black ears, which are up to 15 cm long,
are striking. Their about 3 cm long undercoat is gray with white tips, while the
about 5.5 cm long outer hair is colored black with a white tip. The face shows a
black mask drawing reminiscent of a raccoon.
The black-and-white-colored coat monkeys (Colobus guereza) with their flowing
white tail is found in Bwindi National Park, a close to impenetrable rainforest
in the far southwest of Uganda. The animals reach a head-trunk length of 50 to
65 cm, with a bushy tail that is 55 to 90 cm long. Their weight varies between 8
and 15 kg, with the males being significantly heavier than the females.
The reedbucks (Redunca) are a genus of African hornbucks (Bovidae) in the family
of hornbucks (Bovidae), which are related to the waterbuck. The reedbuck genus
is divided into nine species. The animals have a head-trunk length of between
110 to 160 cm, with a shoulder height of 60 to 100 cm. The color of their fur
varies from light brown to gray on the top, while the underside is whitish. Only
the males have horns 20 to 40 cm long.
Forest Pigs The Giant Forest Pigs (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) belong to the
genus Hylochoerus in the family of real pigs (Suidae). As the name suggests, the
animals are the largest representatives of the real pigs. Their head-torso
length ranges from 130 to 210 cm, with a shoulder height of 75 to 110 cm. Their
weight varies from 130 to 270 kg. The long and rough fur is black in color and
often falls out in the old animals. Their large head with large proboscis and
pronounced cheek bulges are striking, especially in the boar. Their canines are
strong, but not as long as the warthog.
Full-bearded monkeys , eastern The eastern full-bearded
monkey (Allochrocebus ihoeshi) belongs to the tribe (Cercopithecinae) in the
family (Cercopithecidae). These diurnal and ground-living monkeys reach a
head-trunk length between 45 to 60 cm. The animals are black and gray in color
with a dark face with the eponymous whitish facial hair.
The genus of the waterbuck (Kobus) is divided into two types. These are the
elliptical waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) and the Defassa waterbuck (Kobus
defassa). The elliptical waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) occurs in Uganda. This
antelope is a large, strong and up to 270 kg heavy antelope with shaggy,
gray-brown fur and a white ring around the base of the tail - the eponymous
ellipse. The face is also partially white, and a white streak runs from the
throat to the base of the ears. Only the males have long, strongly curled and
forward horns. The shoulder height is 1.30 m. This antelope species needs
permanent bodies of water in the vicinity of which there are forests, open
grassy areas and areas overgrown with thickets and reeds
African house snake
The African house snake (Boaedon fuliginosus) - also known as the brown house
snake - is a non-poisonous snake with an average length of 95 cm.
African spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis)
Ashe`s spitting cobra
The Ashe`s spitting cobra (Naja ashei) is the longest spitting cobra worldwide
with a length of up to 2.70 m. In addition, this aggressive snake injects an
extremely high amount of venom with one bite
Boomslang (Dipholidus typus)
Christy's water cobra
Christy's water cobra (Naja christyi) is also known as the
Congolese water cobra. The snake reaches an average length of about 1.50 m (with
the tail) - rarely more. They can be found in or near bodies of water, in bushy
or wooded lowland areas along lakes, rivers and streams.
Rock python (Python sebae)
Gaboon viper (Bitis gabonica)
Striped house snake
The striped house snake (Boaedon lineatus) is a non-poisonous snake with a
length of m
Common puff adder (Bitis arietans)
GŁnther's Green Tree
Snake The GŁnther's Green Tree Snake (Dipsadoboa unicolor) is a non-toxic snake
between 70 and 110 cm long, they are rarely larger. They are evenly green-blue
on the top and yellowish on the belly.
As a rule, the very poisonous Jamesons mamba (Dendroaspis jamesoni) grows to
around 2 m long - in rare cases over 3 m. She is slim and very agile. They are
green-yellow to grass-green in color, while the throat, belly and temples are
lemon-yellow. Lighter and darker spots form indistinct, backward running
The Jamesons Mamba is tree and ground dwelling. They are mainly found in
rainforests and in humid and warm forests on river banks. But they can also be
found near human settlements, on farmlands, and in urban parks.
Ball python (Python regius)
Olive house snake
The olive house snake (Boaedon olivaceus) is a non-poisonous mostly green to
dark olive colored snake. The males reach a size of 60 to 80 cm and the females
80 to 100 cm. The snake lives in grass, savannah and cultural landscapes and as
a cultural follower under stones and wood as well as in garbage heaps, holes in
the ground and termite mounds.
Radford's house snake
The approx. 80 cm long and non-poisonous Radford's house snake (Boaedon
radfordi) occurs only in the southwest of Uganda.
Black-tailed tree snake
The black-tailed tree snake (Dipsadoboa weileri) is a non-poisonous snake
between 70 and 95 cm long
Black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis)
Black and white cobra ( Naja melanoleuca)
Rhinoceros viper (Bitis nasicornis)
Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus):
Common crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis (
Uraeus snake (well, well)
In addition to many other birds, the following are particularly noteworthy:
hornbills, helmeted guinea fowl, cormorants, crowned cranes (= Uganda's heraldic
animal), Egyptian geese, pelicans, herons, weaver birds and the rare shoebill
In Uganda the East African savannah merges into the Central African
rainforest. Unfortunately, only about 7% of the country is covered by rainforest
- and the trend is decreasing. A relatively unspoilt area of jungle can still
be found in the Budongo Forest.
One can find eucalyptus trees, papyrus trees, lobelia and, increasingly, sugar
cane and oil palms in the country.
Water lilies and hyacinths grow in Lake Victoria - not necessarily to the
delight of the local people.