Vermont [term: ʹnt], abbreviated VT, state of northeastern United
States; 24,900 km2, 626,300 inhabitants (2018).Vermont, which is one
of the six New England states, is one of the smaller states in the United
States, both in population and area. The capital Montpelier is also small (7,600
Vermont. State Map.
The Green Mountains, which are part of the Appalachians, extend through
Vermont as a backbone in the north-south direction. The highest peak is Mount
Mansfield, 1,339 m above sea level. The forested landscape of Vermont has been
affected by the inland ice during the recent ice age, which is evident in great
sea richness and in the fact that moraine is the dominant soil type. The
Champlain Valley in the northwest of Vermont is a fertile lowland surrounded by
Vemont. Champlain Valley at Lake Champlain.
The climate is continental. The average temperature in Burlington on Lake
Champlain is −7 °C in January and 20 °C in July. The annual rainfall here is
about 800 mm but increases in the higher, snow-rich parts of the Green
Vermont's population is growing at about the same rate as in the US as a
whole. Almost the entire population is white and of mixed European origin. A
small minority have French as their first language, for example in the border
regions against Canadian Quebec. One third of residents live in cities, the
largest of which is Burlington (42,500 residents, 2016).
Agriculture's most important products are milk and other dairy products for
Boston and New York. During the 1990s, the number of organic cultivation has
increased sharply in the state. Vermont is the United States' largest producer
of maple syrup. Forest covers over 75 percent of the area. The wood and paper
industry is important, while the previously so significant textile industry has
almost ceased and has to some extent been replaced by the graphic and electronic
industry. Vermont is known for its quarrying and processing of stone, for
example granite in Barre (near Montpelier), marble in Proctor (near Rutland) and
Vemont. The granite quarry in Barre.
The beautiful nature and opportunities for winter sports have made tourism an
important industry. Vermont has some problems with faulty communications; among
other things, the road network is outdated.
Tourism and gastronomy
Vermont has no major and well-known destinations, but instead offers the
visitor a nature that is both exciting and beautiful, eg. the canyon landscape
of Quechee Gorge State Park, and which provides ample opportunities for outdoor
recreation and recreation. The leisure houses are many and tourist resorts with
facilities for, among other things. Skiing is available throughout the state,
most though in the Green Mountains. Hiking, canoeing and water sports, as well
as fishing and hunting, exercise great attraction. Car trips to Vermont are also
popular, especially during the fall when the deciduous forests glow in intense
red and yellow colors. Along the winding small roads, sometimes covered wooden
bridges pass through, one of many culturally historically interesting objects
that can be studied in the state.
Vermont. The Henry Covered Bridge over the
Walloomsac River at Bennington was originally erected in the 1830s and was
completely renovated in 1989.
There are also a number of museums here. Shelburne Museum south of
Burlington. It also shows the last wheelchair in passenger traffic on Lake
Champlain. War memorials are largely spared the state, although a significant
naval battle for the United States was fought on Lake Champlain in 1814.
The food tradition in Vermont, as in the other New England states, is still
based on long cooking - a tradition that goes back to the new-build era when
food was allowed to take care of the fire while taking advantage of the game,
fish, fruit, berries and corn. facing the harsh winter. A remnant of this
tradition is found today in New England boiled dinner, corned beef or
other meat that is cooked for a long time with the vegetables available. For
this, dumplings, cooked dumplings of flour and baking powder, are
served to dry out. White beans turn into baked beansand is included in
many of the week's meals. They tend to be sweeter than the more name-wise Boston
baked beans because Vermont is the real high seat of maple syrup. Corn also
plays a major role in traditional cuisine; a popular recipe with ancient
ancestors is cornbread, bread on cornmeal flavored with bacon fat and
maple syrup. Since the time of the first British settlers, the pump has been
part of the recipe flora, for example. in New England pumpking pie eaten
after the turkey on Thanksgiving. Apples are another important ingredient that
turns into mash, into pies or eaten fried as an accessory to meat dishes. The
dairy industry also has ancient origins and here an excellent cheddar cheese is
produced which is found in a large number of establishments.
France claimed sovereignty over the area until 1763, when it came to
Britain. Vermont was never a colony but a territory disputed between New
Hampshire and New York. In 1777, Vermont's inhabitants declared the area an
independent republic, and it remained as such until it became a state in the
United States in 1791. The population increased sharply until the 1810s. The
textile industry was important during the 19th century, but declined in
importance during the 20th century, when tourism instead became an important
industry. Politically, since the Civil War, Vermont was completely dominated by
Republicans, but since the 1960s, they and Democrats have been equally strong.