Virginia [vərdʒiʹnjə], abbreviated VA, state of the United States,
109,600 km2, 8.5 million inhabitants (2018).The capital is Richmond.
Virginia. State Map.
Eastern Virginia, which is part of the Atlantic coastal plain, is a giant
coastline with a lush coastline, submerged estuaries and large marshlands.
Virginia. On the Tangier Island in Chesapeak Bay,
the marsh area reaches the settlement.
The central part of the state, which is marked by a marked slope towards the
coastal plain, is a flat and undulating landscape, which to the west is replaced
by the Appalachian mountain ridges and valleys. At its peak, Blue Ridge reaches
the summit of Mount Rodgers, 1,746 meters above sea level.
The climate in Virginia is mild and rainy. Richmond on the coastal plain has
an average temperature in January of 4 ░C and in July of 25 ░ C. The average
annual rainfall here is 1 140 mm.
In recent years, Virginia has had a stronger population increase than the
United States on average. Just over 70 percent of residents are white and about
20 percent are African American. About 70 percent of the population lives in
cities. A densely populated area extends from Washington DC's suburban areas
south to Richmond and thence southeast to Norfolk, which is the state's largest
metropolitan area and includes the cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Newport
News, Chesapeake, Hampton and Portsmouth. Still more, however, live in
Washington's fast-growing suburban area of Virginia, while the largest urban
region in the state of the state is Roanoke.
Agriculture is now of limited importance. The formerly dominant tobacco
cultivation has been supplemented or replaced by the cultivation of maize,
peanuts and vegetables. Animal production (meat, pork and dairy products) plays
a big role. The Shenandoah Valley in northwest Virginia is known for its apples,
peaches and turkeys.
Virginia. Apple cultivation in the Shenandoah
Coal is mined in western Virginia. The industry encompasses the food and
tobacco industry, the chemical industry, the IT industry and the textile
industry. Also important is the shipbuilding industry (Newport News). Hampton
Roads has large and important ports, and the state generally has a first-class
transport network. During the 1990s, the northern parts of Virginia grew into
one of the nation's most densely populated areas.
In Virginia, there are many military bases and large federal workplaces
adjacent to Washington DC, making the federal government the state's largest
employer. Virginia also offers beautiful scenery, especially in the mountain
regions, and has many places of great historical interest (such as Mount Vernon,
Monticello, Williamsburg with the Colonial Parkway), and tourism is one of the
state's most important sources of income.
Tourism and gastronomy
The state is one of the top ten of the US in terms of tourism industry
turnover. One contributing reason is the close contact with Washington DC
Several of the federal capital's major sights, such as Arlington National
Cemetery Cemetery, is located in Virginia. Visitors who are mainly interested in
nature, sports and outdoor activities are looking for the Appalachian mountain
regions in the west, with ski areas, hiking trails, riding trails etc.
Motorists can enjoy the scenery of the Shenandoah National Park with its 170
km long Skyline Drive. This links south to the beautiful Blue Ridge Parkway (750
km long), which continues into North Carolina. On the coast is the recreation
resort of Virginia Beach.
For the historically interested, there are a large number of
memorials. Colonial Parkway (37 km) links Jamestown (the first settlement) with
Williamsburg (capital 1699-1780) and Yorktown (the site of the decisive battle
in the North American Liberty War 1781).
A large number of places are reminiscent of the American Civil War,
e.g. battlefields such as Manassas (Bull Run), Fredericksburg and Petersburg,
and Appomattox, where the capitulation took place in 1865. The naval battle
between the warships Monitor and Merrimac can be studied via shell models in the
Casemate Museum, Fort Monroe.
Other tourist destinations are the homes of various presidents, notably
George Washington's Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. The latter
got together with the nearby and by Jefferson the University of Virginia
(Charlottesville) created world cultural heritage in 1987.
Virginia. Thomas Jefferson's house Monticello in
Virginia designed Jefferson himself in stages and with remodeling between 1768
and 1809. In its final form, Monticello represents the classic Doric one-story
house in American vintage.
The southern parts of the United States have a very rich food tradition. The
first North American cookbook was published in Williamsburg, Virginia, and the
virtues highlighted there (home inputs, home slaughter, and own vegetable land)
have created habits that still sit today.
The pork is widespread, and one of Virginia's most famous products is ham, Virginia
ham which is smoked over hickory wood to get its characteristic
flavor. Accessories are e.g. sweet potato pone (sweet potato cake)
and coleslaw (cabbage salad).
Casseroles like Brunswick stew, with chicken and vegetable primers
(corn, beans and tomatoes), are part of the traditional home cooking, as well as
creamy dishes such as Richmond fried chicken or capitolade (frikassÚ)
Desserts usually consist of fruits (peaches, apples), often in the form of
pies. The recipe flora here is almost endless. Some examples are apple sauce
cake (with raisins, walnuts and apple mash), shirttail pies (fried
apple pie) and lemon chess pie (lemon pie).
Virginia, the first English colony in North America, was founded in Jamestown
in 1607 by the company Virginia Company of London (compare John Smith). After
some initial difficult years, the colony began to grow stronger from 1612,
partly as a result of successful tobacco cultivation. In 1619, The House of
Burgesses, the first representative legislative assembly of the colonizers,
was established. In the same year, the first black slaves were imported. Since
the company went bankrupt, the colony was taken over by the English crown in
1624. After Oliver Cromwell's victory in Civil War England, many aristocrats
moved to Virginia, and a plantation owner class grew up in its eastern
part. Virginia later played an important role during the liberation from England
and in 1774 initiated the first Continental Congress.
Of the first five Presidents of the United States, four came from
Virginia. In 1861, Virginia joined the southern states with great hesitation in
the American Civil War, but several counties in western Virginia refused to
leave the union, broke out of the state and formed West Virginia. Virginia was a
scene of war throughout the Civil War and was severely devastated. After the
war, the area was occupied by military occupation, which ceased in 1870, when
Virginia was reopened in the Union with a whole new constitution. Virginia
quickly recovered financially, and during the 20th century, industry has played
an important role in the state's economy.
From 1969, Virginia has developed into close enough a two-party state; before
that, the democrats completely dominated. As in other southern states, the issue
of race has been fierce, and during the 1950s large population groups strongly
resisted racial integration in schools. In 1988, Democrat Douglas Wilder was
elected Virginia's governor, the first black holder of the US governorship.