Wisconsin [wiskɑ: ʹnsin], abbreviated WI, state of the Midwest,
USA; 208 200 km2 (of which 67 500 km2 are water), 5.8
million inhabitants (2018).The capital is Madison.
Wisconsin. State Map.
Northern Wisconsin has an upland bedrock and is dominated by a vast highland
with the state's highest mountain, Huron Mountain (604 meters above sea
level). To the south is a semi-circular undulating plain with sandstone
bedrock. At the far south, a cuesta landscape dominates with alternating ridges
and lowers. Most of Wisconsin was covered by the latest inland ice, which
disappeared about 11,000 years ago, and this has resulted in a great deal of sea
wealth and a variety of glacial landforms.
Wisconsin. Wisconsin Dells in the Wisconsin River,
central Wisconsin, are sandstone formations eroded after the recent ice age.
The state mainly has a chilly continental climate, which is only partially
mitigated by the Upper Lake and Lake Michigan. Madison in the south has an
average temperature in January of −8 °C and in July of 22 ° C. The annual
rainfall is in Madison 630 mm, but in northeastern Wisconsin it exceeds 1,000
Wisconsin has low population growth (about 50 percent of the average in the
United States). Of the population, 86 percent are white, many of German or
Scandinavian origin. In recent decades, many blacks have moved to Wisconsin, and
now amount to 7 percent, the majority living in Milwaukee where they make up 40
percent of the city's 600,200 residents. The Milwaukee – Waukesha – West Allis
metropolitan area has 1.6 million inhabitants (2016). The countryside houses 1/3
of the state's population.
The economy is mainly based on three sectors: industry, agriculture and
tourism. Wisconsin is the United States leading state in the production of milk
and dairy products, such as cheese. The plant cultivation (maize, oats and
grassy plants) mainly provides fodder for the livestock. Forestry is the basis
for a significant pulp and paper industry.
Most of Wisconsin's industry is in the southeast along Lake Michigan,
especially in Milwaukee. The most important are the metal and machine industries
as well as the food industry. The brewing industry (beer) also plays a big role.
Wisconsin. Millers is a classic beer from
Milwaukee. The brewery was founded in 1855 by a German immigrant. Nowadays,
Miller's beer is produced in several locations in the United States but still
has a brewery and headquarters in Milwaukee.
Tourism is of the greatest importance in the northern parts, and sport
fishing is economically more important than commercial fishing in the Great
Lakes. Madison is the seat of the University of Wisconsin, which has about 25
branches around the state.
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism provides significant revenue. Primarily, it is nature that attracts,
not least the many lakes. Sport fishing is now economically more important than
commercial fishing in the Great Lakes. The hunt (deer, small game) also attracts
many visitors. Important destinations for nature enthusiasts are the Aposte
Islands National Lakeshore archipelago in the Upper Lake and the Saint Croix
National Scenic Riverways.
The state also has a number of colonial and forest exploration museums and
monuments, such as logging camps such as Historyland (Hayward) and Paul Bunyan
Logging Camp (Chippewa Museum, Eau Claire) as well as Heritage Hill and the Rail
America Rail Museum in Green Bay. For Scandinavian visitors, Little Norway, a
farm from 1856, is about 25 km west of Madison of interest. The beautifully
located capital is a major tourist destination, as is the big city of Milwaukee,
which is known for its beer breweries.
Wisconsin has a wealth of food traditions, a mix of Native American features
and influence from early European colonizers; the cheese, the sausages and the
lively brewery industry are reminiscent of the many Germans who settled
here. Many traditional recipes also boast German and also Scandinavian features,
such as old-time beef stew, a cabbage-like dish cooked with beer, roast
goose with red cabbage and green beans and potatoes (hot potato
salad with green beans)). Fish are eaten fried, but a traditional recipe with
Native American roots is the planked lake trout, where the fish (in
this case trout) is filled with herbs and tied to a plank of fragrant wood to
bake over the fire (or in the oven).Wilted green salad is happy to
serve this, the salad is flavored with bacon fat, which breaks well with the
From the middle of the 17th century, France claimed supremacy over the
area. This passed in 1763 to the United Kingdom and 1783 to the United
States. Wisconsin became territory in 1836 and the state in 1848 and then
developed rapidly through immigration, mainly from Germany and
Scandinavia. Agriculture and dairy were the most important for a long time, but
after the turn of the 1900s, extensive industrialization began.
Politically, the "progressive" wing of the Republicans dominated, led by
Robert La Follette and his sons, who at the beginning of the 20th century was at
the forefront of comprehensive reform legislation in the United States. In 1946,
the party's conservative faction took over power with Joseph McCarthy's victory
in the Senate election that year. Democrats have been progressing strongly since
the 1950s and are now evenly matched with Republicans.