Egypt Country Data

By | March 13, 2023

According to, Egypt is a country located in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. It is bordered by Sudan to the south and Libya to the west. Egypt is home to some of the most ancient civilizations in history, with its roots tracing back to around 3150 BC. The country covers an area of 1,010,000 square km and has a population of over 97 million people. The official language spoken in Egypt is Arabic and its currency is the Egyptian pound.

Egypt has a rich culture with many monuments, temples and pyramids that stand as testimony to its ancient past. The most famous of these monuments are the Great Pyramids of Giza which are one of the seven wonders of the world. Other popular tourist attractions include Luxor, Cairo, Aswan and Hurghada. Egypt has a generally dry climate with hot summers and mild winters making it an ideal destination for tourists all year round. Agriculture plays an important role in Egypt’s economy with major crops including cotton, sugar cane and rice as well as livestock such as cattle and poultry being produced across the country. Tourism also plays an important role in Egypt’s economy with millions of visitors coming from all over the world each year to marvel at its unique monuments, culture and history. In addition to this, Egypt also produces oil which contributes significantly to its GDP.

Capital City

According to, Cairo is the capital city of Egypt and is located on the banks of the Nile River. It is a bustling metropolis with a population of over 18 million people. The city has an ancient history, having been founded in 969 AD by the Fatimid Dynasty. Cairo is a bustling hub for commerce, culture, and politics in the Middle East. It is home to numerous historical sites, including the Great Pyramids of Giza, The Citadel of Saladin, and Islamic Cairo. The city also has an impressive skyline with many modern high-rise buildings and shopping malls that offer visitors a variety of experiences. Cairo’s public transportation system is extensive and efficient providing easy access to all parts of the city. Visitors can explore its vibrant markets including Khan el-Khalili bazaar or take in breathtaking views from atop one of its many minarets or towers. There are also plenty of museums to explore showcasing Egypt’s long history and culture. From its ancient ruins to its modern day attractions, Cairo provides something for everyone to enjoy!

National Day

Egypt’s national day is celebrated on July 23rd each year. This day marks the anniversary of the Revolution of 1952, which overthrew King Farouk and established Egypt as a republic. On this day, Egyptians fill the streets in celebration, proudly displaying their national flags and singing patriotic songs. The festivities are marked by colorful parades, marches, concerts and fireworks displays throughout the country. Schools and universities organize special activities to mark the occasion, such as debates on national issues or lectures on Egypt’s history. National monuments such as the Pyramids of Giza are lit up with festive lights to honor this historic event. In addition to celebrating the revolution, this day is also used to commemorate Egypt’s heroes who have sacrificed their lives for their country. Commemorative ceremonies are held in remembrance of these brave individuals who put their country before themselves.


Egypt is a multilingual country, with many of its citizens speaking more than one language. The official language of Egypt is Arabic, which is spoken by the majority of Egyptians. English and French are also widely spoken in the country, particularly in urban areas. In addition to these three languages, there are several minority languages spoken by small populations throughout Egypt. These include Nubian, Bedawi, Domari, and Siwi. Nubian is a language that has been spoken in Egypt since ancient times and is still used today by the Nubian people living along the Nile River Valley. Bedawi is a dialect of Arabic that is spoken mainly by nomadic people living in the Sinai Peninsula and parts of the Western Desert region. Domari is an Indo-Aryan language found among gypsy populations living throughout Egypt. Finally, Siwi is a Berber language that has been used for centuries by Berber-speaking communities in southern Egypt near Siwa Oasis.

Egypt Country Data