Eritrea Political System, Famous People, Animals and Plants

By | January 15, 2023

Eritrea: political system

According to CANCERMATTERS.NET, Eritrea is a republic with a transitional parliament that officially has 150 members, but due to a series of arrests this number has decreased, the governing party is the PFDJ (People’s Front for Democracy and Justice), a unity party that covers all political, economic, social and dominated the country’s cultural life. Opposition is not allowed. In fact, Eritrea is a dictatorship. See AbbreviationFinder for more information about Eritrea politics, and acronyms as well.

The official name of the country is:

State of Eritrea

National anthem

Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea) has been the national anthem of Eritrea since 1993. The lyrics were written by Solomon Tsehaye Beraki, the music by Isaac Abraham Meharezgi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion.

In English In German
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,Her enemy decimated

And her sacrifices vindicated by liberation. Steadfast in her goal,

Symbolizing endurance,

Eritrea, the pride of her oppressed people,

Proved that the truth prevails.CHORUS

Eritrea, Eritrea

Holds her rightful place in the world.

Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea,your enemy was pushed back,

the victims obtained liberation. Steadfast to the goal,

symbol of perseverance,

Eritrea, pride of your oppressed people,

convinced that the truth prevails. REFRAIN

Eritrea, Eritrea,

holds its rightful place in the world.

National flag

The flag of Eritrea was officially introduced on May 24th, 1993. It had its origin in the flag of the Eritrean Liberation Front (EPLF) founded in 1970. Based on flag descriptions by, the red stands for the blood spilled in the struggle for freedom, blue for the wealth of the sea and green for agriculture and fertility. The olive wreath with the olive branch symbolizes the UN globe to which Eritrea owes its political recognition.

  • Check top-mba-universities for public holidays, sports events, UNESCO world heritage sites and major places to visit in Eritrea.

Eritrea: animals


Most of the animals can be found in the country’s two national parks, such as the Dahlak Marine National Park on the Red Sea with its 350 different species of fish or the Semenawi Bahri National Park. Leopards, cheetahs and lions, spotted hyenas, jackals, baboons and monkeys live here. There are also various species of gazelle and antelope in the country, such as oryx as well as bushbuck and kudu.

Reptiles – without poisonous snakes


The Nile monitor, an ancient species of lizard, is also native to Eritrea

Rock python

The rock python (Python sebae) is a non-poisonous strangler, but it is by no means harmless. A detailed description can be found here >>>

Poisonous snakes

The following venomous snakes live in Eritrea, which are described in more detail in Goruma:

Egyptian cobra (uraeus snake)

Egyptian sand rattle otter

Boomslang, African tree snake

Ordinary puff adder

Nubian spitting cobra

Red spitting cobra, Naja pallida

Black mamba

Inverted viper


Flamingos, herons and sea eagles live on the coast. Flamingos can also be found on the salt lakes of the Danakil Desert. Saddle storks also live here. In general, the bird life in Eritrea is colorful and diverse.

The Danakil Desert is extremely hostile to life in areas of the world and extends as far as Ethiopia.


Unfortunately there are numerous mosquitos and flies here.

The country is rich in many butterfly species.

Water world

Various types of shark live in the corals, such as white tip and black tip reef sharks or angel sharks. In addition, numerous species of fish swim around here in the Red Sea. One of them is the clown fish. In addition, crabs, shrimps and lobsters live here relatively undisturbed.

Eritrea: plants

A large part of Eritrea is occupied by savannas and semi-deserts. Only plants that have adapted to these living conditions can survive here, such as succulents, acacias, aloes and myrrh. The north of Eritrea is more fertile than the south, where there are almost only dry forests with yews, juniper bushes or tamarisks. On the mountain slopes you can find grass and various bushes. Conifers are hardly found any more, as they were mostly cut down to produce firewood, among other things. Mangrove forests grow on the coasts.

The crops that are grown here include grain, cotton, corn, fruit and various vegetables.

Eritrea Politics