Guyana Political System, Famous People, Animals and Plants

By | January 15, 2023

Guyana: Political System

According to DISEASESLEARNING.COM, Guyana is a presidential republic. See AbbreviationFinder for more information about Guyana politics, and acronyms as well.

At the head of the state is a president who is indirectly elected every 5 years by the strongest political party in parliament.

He can be re-elected as often as desired, and his abundance of power is unusual even for Latin American standards.

The House of Representatives is the National Assembly. The National Assembly is elected every 5 years in free, equal and secret ballot and as of January 1, 2005 has a total of 65 members. 12 members are sent from the provinces. There are also local bodies that form the cooperative element of the political system:

  • the ” Congress of Local Democratic Organs
  • the ” Supreme Congress of People

However, both have limited skills. The head of government is a prime minister. The president can dissolve parliament and force new elections. All citizens over the age of 18 and members of a Commonwealth country who have lived in the country for at least one year are eligible to vote.

The official name of the country is:

The Co-operative Republic of Guyana

National anthem

The national anthem of a country is usually a piece of music underlaid with a text that represents the state or To express the national feeling of a country. It is usually played on particularly festive occasions, such as state visits, special holidays or to honor politicians, business leaders and others

The introduction of the national anthems goes back to the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The numerous former colonies that had become independent usually introduced their national anthems and also their national flags after independence, i.e. in the second half of the 20th century.

Based on flag descriptions by, the national anthem of Guyana was written for a competition in 1966 by Archibald Leonhard Luker (1917-1971) and set to music by Robert Cyrill Gladstone (1899-1981). It became the country’s official anthem in the same year. It’s called Dear Land of Guyana.

  • Check top-mba-universities for public holidays, sports events, UNESCO world heritage sites and major places to visit in Guyana.

It is in English

Dear land of Guyana, of rivers and plains;Made rich by the sunshine, and lush by the rains,

set gem like and fair, between mountains and sea,

your children salute you, dear land of the freeGreen land of Guyana, our heroes of yore,

Both bondsmen and free, laid their bones on your shore.

This soil so they hallowed, and from them are we,

All sons of one mother, Guyana the free.Great land of Guyana, diverse through our strains,

We are born of their sacrifice, heirs of their pains,

And ours is the glory their eyes did not see,

One land of six peoples, united and free.Dear land of Guyana, to you will we give,

Our homage, our service, each day that we live;

God guard you, great mother, and make us to be more

worthy of our heritage, land of the free.

And in the English translation

Favorite land of Guyana, land of rivers and plains, made richby the sun and blessed by the rain;

Finest jewels, between the mountains and the lake,

your children greet you, dearest land of the free.Green land of Guyana, our heroes

free and slaves from back then, their bodies lay in the surf,

this earth was sanctified, from which we come,

all are your sons, mother Guyana the free.Great country of Guyana, different from our roots,

We were born through their sacrifice and their pain,

We are the glory that their eyes never saw,

A land of six peoples, united and free.Dearest country of Guyana, you we will give

Our life, our ministry, every day we live;

God protect you, great mother, and make us

more valuable to our origins, the land of the free.

Guyana: Known People

Politicians and clergy

  • Chedi Jagan (Prime Minister 1951, 1957-1964 and President 1992-1997)
  • Forbes Burnham (Prime Minister 1964-1980 and President 1980-1985)
  • Hugh Desmond Hoyte (President 1985-1992)
  • Jim Jones (1931-1978), Guyana hit the headlines of the world in 1978 when the preacher Jim Jones (1931-1978) drove around 900 members of the sect – including 270 children – to mass suicide in the Guyanese jungle. The sect called “Peoples Temple” was founded by Jones in 1956 in the USA and lived according to a socialist and Christian belief in redemption. Since he’s in the USsaw no future in the USA for his sect, he moved with numerous members to Guyana in 1977. When he came into the sights of public investigations there, too, Jones, who had become more and more paranoid, saw only the way out in mass suicide, which was carried out with fruit drinks containing cyanide. However, many were also murdered against their will.

Writer and poet

  • Martin Carter (1920-1997)
  • Wilson Harris (born 1921)

Animals in Guyana

General preliminary remark

The tropical rainforest covers around 70% of the country, which is unfortunately now the exception in many countries.

In addition, you can find savannahs, especially in the coastal lowlands and in the southwest, and dense mangrove forests extend along the coasts.

The mangroves protect the coasts from the sea with various saltwater grasses.

Worth mentioning is the kilometer-long Burro Burro, an inland river that attracts the animals of the area during the dry season.

A diverse bird world finds good sources of food on its shallow banks.



Saki monkeys, capuchin monkeys and spider monkeys are among the local monkey species – they all live in the treetops of the jungle.

They feed mainly on leaves, fruits and flowers.


The agoutis (Dasyprocta) are a genus of rodents from the family of the agoutis and acouchis (Dasyproctidae). They have slender bodies and a thick and coarse coat that is usually dark orange or brownish in color.

They live in forests, dense bushland and savannahs, but also in fields and plantations. They are usually diurnal.

Their underside is white or yellowish. The animals reach a head-trunk length of 40 to 65 cm – with a weight between 1.5 to 4 kg.

As pure herbivores, agoutis feed on fruits, nuts and leaves. Stems or roots. In the Amazon region, they are almost the only animals that can open hard Brazil nuts with their teeth.

There are a total of eleven types of agoutis, of which the following species occurs in Guyana:

– Crested aguti (Dasyprocta cristata)


There are four different species from three different genera of the anteaters belonging to the Vermilingua suborder

. Their long, tubular snout is striking. They also have a thick coat and very strong claws on their front feet.

The different species reach a length between 20 to 140 cm – with a weight between 300 g and up to 50 kg for the great anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla).

The great anteater is exclusively a ground dweller and lives in savannah areas, while the pygmy anteater only lives on trees. The other two species live both on the ground and in trees.

They feed almost exclusively on ants and termites, which is where their name comes from. The animals mostly live as solitary animals in their own territories.

The females only give birth to one young at a time.


bat The ghost bat (Diclidurini) is the largest carnivorous bat in the world with a wingspan of 80 cm.

It hunts at night and its prey pattern includes amphibians, reptiles, small birds and mammals, as well as other species of bats and insects.

Big otter

Another species common in Guyana is the big otter, the largest species of otter in the world. Male animals can grow up to 1.8 m.

Due to the massive destruction of its habitat by humans, this species of otter has already been exterminated in Argentina and Uruguay and now still exists in Guiana, Suriname and a few other countries in South America. It is now considered an endangered species and must therefore be protected.


Armadillos have a head-torso length between 15 to 100 cm, with a weight that, depending on the body size, ranges from just 100 g for the gullet (Chlamyphorus truncatus) to 45 kg for the giant armadillo (Priodontes giganteus).

Particularly noteworthy is the well-known nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), which inhabits large parts of South and Central America to the southeastern USA.

Something special is their bony body armor, which covers the head as well as the back and even the tail and parts of the legs. The shell consists of horn and bone platelets that are formed in the skin.

The animals feed on insects such as ants and termites or small vertebrates such as lizards and mice, less often carrion and vegetable food;

But also beetles and their larvae as well as grasshoppers and spiders are on their menu.

– Attention

armadillos can be infected with the bacterium Mycobacterium lepra, the trigger of the leprosy disease, which is probably due to unusually low body temperature.

When eating armadillo meat there is therefore a risk of becoming infected with this disease. In addition, some armadillo species are carriers of Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes Chagas disease, which is common in South America.

Guyana squirrels

Guyana squirrels (Sciurus aestuans) are a species of squirrel from the genus of squirrels (Sciurus).

It reaches a head-torso length of about 16 to 19 cm, with a tail about 16 to 25 cm long. Their weight ranges from around 160 to 380 grams.

The back fur of the squirrels is olive to gray in color, with a brown and yellow mottling. The belly is white to sand-colored or yellowish.

The animals can be found from southern Brazil and the north from Argentina to Venezuela and Colombia, as well as in French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and the east of Bolivia.

The animals are tree-living loners and are diurnal. They feed mainly on the seeds and fruits of tropical trees and bushes and in autumn and winter also on mushrooms.

Their natural enemies are quite numerous, such as capuchin monkeys, cats and especially the ocelot, martens, snakes and raccoons.


The jaguar (Panthera onco) is the largest big cat on the American continent and the third largest big cat after the tiger and lion.

It occurs from Central America via Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia to Argentina and Brazil. The big cat can also be found in Guyana, Venezuela and French Guyana.

He prefers to stay in the dense, overgrown rainforest and is a loner.


The opossum is the best known representative of the opossum. The genus Didelphis includes a total of three species. The southern opossum lives in South America, the Central American opossum in Central America, and the northern opossum in North America.

All species are not endangered.

The local South American opossum reaches about the size of a cat, with a head body length of 25 to 45 cm, with a hairless, smooth tail that can be up to 50 cm long.

Their fur is predominantly grayish in color, with black stripes on their face and back.

In the wild, opossums live no more than 2 years old, in captivity they live 5 to 7 years.

You can find a detailed description of the possum at Goruma here >>>


The Pekaris (Peccaris) or umbilical pigs belong to the Tayassuidae family. Its four species belong to three different genera.

– Bisampekari, Weißbartpekari (Tayassu pecari)

The Bisampekari or Weißbartpekari has a head-trunk length between 80 to 110 cm, a shoulder height between 45 to 60 cm – with a weight of 20 to 50 kg. Males and females are about the same size.

The animals can be found from southern Mexico via Central America and the northeast of South America to Argentina. It is also native to Guyana.

– Chaco peccary (Catagonus wagneri)

The Chaco peccary lives in the thorny dry forests and savannah areas of the Gran Chaco in southeastern Bolivia, Paraguay and in northern Argentina.

– Collar pekari (Pecari tajacu)

The 14-30 kg collar peccary has a body length of 75 to 100 cm, a shoulder height of 40 to 60 cm and a tail length of 1 to 5 cm. Males and females are about the same size.

Their distribution area extends from the southwest USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas) over Central and Central America, up to the Río de la Plata in Argentina. The animals can also be found in Trinidad.

Its habitats are primeval forests, savannas, grass steppes and semi-deserts, but they can also be found in the higher foothills of the Andes. The animals prefer steep river valleys and thickets

– Giant pekari (Pecari maximus)

The giant peccary is only found in Brazil. With a length of up to 1.40 m and a weight of around 40 kg, it is the largest of the peccaries.


The Puma (Puma concolor) has a narrow body up to 130 cm long, a shoulder height of 65 cm and a strong, around 70 cm long tail with a black tip. It reaches a weight of 50 to 60 kg, whereby the females are about a third lighter.

Its dense and short fur varies in basic color according to the area of distribution and ranges from reddish brown to silver gray. It occurs almost all over South America.

You can find a detailed description of the animal at Goruma here >>

Giant otter

The giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is a freshwater otter found in the Amazon rainforest on the Amazon, Orinoco and Río de la Plata.

It belongs to the genus Pteronura, to the subfamily of the otters (Lutrinae) and to the family of the martens (Mustelidae).

The animal has a head-trunk length of about 1.30 m with a tail about 70 cm long – with a weight over 20 kg.

It lives along the rivers in groups of five to eight animals – rarely more. Its diet consists primarily of fish, but it also eats waterfowl, mice and bird eggs.

It is interesting that the animals of a group of otters drive the fish towards each other.

Since they have dangerous enemies with caimans, strangler snakes and jaguars, there are two births with up to five young animals per year.

South American otter

The South American otter (Lontra longicaudis) is a marten from the genus of the New World otter (Lontra), the subfamily of the otter (Lutrinae) and of the family of the marten (Mustelidae).

It is found in South and Central America. The subspecies Lontra longicaudis enudris is native to Guyana.

The animal reaches a head-trunk length of 35 to 65 cm and a tail length of 35 to 85 cm – with a weight of 5 to 15 kg. The fur of the animals is a solid dark brown, while the throat and neck are gray. The S

You can find the otter in large parts of the tropical forests of South and Central America and prefer faster flowing waters.

The South American otter has the following three subspecies:

– Lontra longicaudis longicaudis. You can find this subspecies in Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, southern Brazil and Uruguay

– Lontra longicaudis annectens. One finds this subspecies in Belize, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia, Nicaragua, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela

– Lontra longicaudis enudris. This subspecies is found in the northeast of Brazil, in Guyana and on Trinidad

Tapir e

The flatland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) living in Guyana has a head-trunk length of up to about 220 cm, a body height of up to 110 cm and a weight of 150 to 250 kg.

They are solitary animals and feed mainly on leaves, Fruits, branches and other parts of plants.

Their existence is considered threatened, which is particularly due to the destruction of their habitats.

There are five species of the genus Tapir (Tapirus), with the lowland, mountain and Kabomani tapir occurring in South America.

The Central American tapir can be found in Central America – and here in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama.

The saddleback tapir, on the other hand, is only found in Southeast Asia:

– Lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris)

– Mountain

tapir (Tapirus pinchaque) – Kabomani tapir (Tapirus kabomani)

– Central American tapir (Tapirus bairdii)

– Black-backed tapir (Tapirus indicus)

Two-toed sloth

The two- toed sloth can be found in the canopy of the local jungle.

It feeds on leaves and flowers. During the day it sleeps curled up and practically invisible in the green of the trees and lianas

Caimans, strangler snakes, iguanas

Caimans Caimans

live in the country’s rivers.

The caimans (Caimaninae) are a subfamily of the family of the alligators (Alligatoridae.

Caimans occur, with the exception of the crocodile caiman, whose distribution area extends to Central America, only in South America.

Since caimans have a slower metabolism than the “real crocodiles”) they are almost twice as old at 100 years of age.

Their preferred habitat are lakes, swamps and rivers.

The local crocodile

caiman reaches a maximum length of 3 m and has the following subspecies: – Common crocodilus crocodilus

– Northern crocodile caiman (Caiman crocodilus fuscus)

– Nicaraguan crocodile caiman (Caiman crocodilus chiapasius)

– Rio Apaporis crocodile caiman (Caiman crocodilus apaporiensis)

Idol snake

The idol snake (Boa constrictor) reaches sizes between 3 and 4 m and feeds on smaller and larger mammals as well as on birds and reptiles.

The prey is embraced and strangled by contracting the muscles.

The snake can be found in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Amapá, Pará, Rondonia, Bahia, Sergipe, Amazonas, Pará, Pernambuco, Federal District, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Piauí, Mato Grosso, Goiás, S Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte)

in Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guyana, Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia (Valle del Cauca).

Also in Mexico (Yucatan, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Quéretaro, Veracruz, Puebla, Jalisco, Morelos and Hidalgo), in Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay.

The snake is also at home in Peru (Pasco), Suriname and Venezuela (Merida, Isla Margarita), as well as in Florida/USA – where it was released.

They can also be found in Trinidad, Tobago, Martinique, Aruba and Antigua.

The snake has the following subspecies:

– Boa constrictor amarali

– Boa constrictor constrictor

– Boa constrictor nebulosa

– Boa constrictor occidentalis

– Boa constrictor orophias

– Boa constrictor ortonii You can find

a detailed description of the snake at Goruma here >>>


The great anaconda (Eunectes) can in rare cases be over 9 m long, making it the largest snake in the world alongside the reticulated python. Your prey is entwined and strangled or crushed by the contraction of the muscles.

It can also be life-threatening for humans. The Great Anakondo is found in Guyana, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Colombia, northern Bolivia, northeast Peru, eastern Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela.

A detailed description of the local Great Anaconda can be found at Goruma here >>>

There are four types of the genus Anaconda:

– Eunectes beniensis (Beni anaconda)

– Eunectes deschauenseei (De-Schauensee-Anaconda)

– Eunectes murinus (large anaconda)

– Eunectes notaeus (yellow anaconda)

Green iguana

The green iguana (Iguana iguana) belongs to the family of the iguanas (Iguanidae) and to the genus Iguana. The animals reach a head-trunk length up to about 50 cm, together with the tail it becomes about 2 m long.

Despite its name, the animal is not completely green, but rather greyish-green or they have a strong brown influence.

The diurnal animal lives mainly in trees, but is also a good swimmer. Its diet is purely vegetarian and consists mainly of leaves.

Its meat is offered as “Grünees chicken” because it is reminiscent of chicken A popular dish is the Sopa de Garrobo..

Iguanas can be found from the south of the USA to Paraguay, on the Caribbean Islands, the Galápagos Islands and the Fiji Islands in the South Pacific.The

different species of the animals reach a length of only around 15 cm to 2 m, with the tail is often longer than the body. Scale combs or dewlaps are often found on their heads.

Their way of life is quite different, some species live on the ground (Dipsosaurus, Cyclura), others on trees (Iguana, Brachylophus) or on rocks (Sauromalus, Ctenosaura, Conolophus, Amblyrhynchus)

All iguana species lay eggs. Their diet usually consists of plants. However, the marine iguanas of the Galápagos Islands feed on algae and seaweed.

Venomous snakes – lance vipers


The genus of the lance vipers (Bothrops) belongs to the subfamily of the pit vipers (Ctotalinae) and to the family of the vipers (Viperidae).

The genus of the lance viper comprises 45 species of snakes, some of which in turn have subspecies.

The smallest species or subspecies reach a length between 50 to 70 cm and the largest can be over 2 m long.

Their poison has tissue-destroying parts (proteases), blood-damaging and kidney-damaging parts.

It is worth mentioning that the enzyme reptilase in the venom of Bothrops atrox and Bothrops jararaca is used in diagnostics to determine coagulation disorders and as a therapeutic agent for anticoagulation.

The animals are viviparous. They get their name from their triangular head shape, which is reminiscent of a lance tip.

Brazilian lance viper

The Brazilian lance viper (Bothrops brazil) occurs in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Colombia, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Common lance viper

The common lance viper (Bothrops atrox) occurs in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Colombia, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.

Also on Trinidad, an island that belongs to the Lesser Antilles.

There are no subspecies of the snake

Speckled Wood Lance Viper

The Speckled Wood Lance Viper (Bothrops taeniatus) occurs in Bolivia, Brazil (Amazon, Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Roraima, Maranhão, Pará and Acre), Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela.

There are two subspecies of the snake, Bothrops taeniata taeniata and Bothrops taeniata lichenosa

Green Jararaca Lance Viper

The Green Jararaca Lance Viper (Bothrops bilineatus) occurs in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, Colombia, Suriname and Venezuela.

There are two subspecies of the snake

– Bothrops bilineata bilineata

– Bothrops bilineata smaragdin

Venomous snakes – coral snakes


These snakes of the genus Micrurus (coral snake, coral otter) with their black and white or yellow and red rings come in 79 species with various subspecies.

They can be found in the southern states of the USA via Mexico, Central America and almost all of South America – with the exception of Chile. Often, however, not nationwide but only in parts of the country or even in smaller regions.

They live mainly in moist, warm habitats and are between 60 to 150 cm long. Their head is barely wider than the trunk and their tail is short. They have The nocturnal snakes usually live hidden in holes in the ground, between dense vegetation or under stones and feed on small reptiles – more rarely on small mammals, amphibians, and young birds.

Bites are extremely rare in humans. They have a very effective neurotoxin, which interrupts the connection between nerves and between nerves and muscles (synapses).

In addition, numerous species of snake have poisonous parts that destroy muscle tissue (myotoxins). Without an antiserum, paralysis and even fatal respiratory arrest can be expected.

In Guyana, one finds the following coral snake species:

– Guyana Blackback Coral Snake (Micrurus collaris)

– Hempricht’s coral snake (Micrurus hembrichi)

– Caribbean coral snake (Micrurus psyches)

– Black-headed coral snake (Micrurus averyi), also known as Avery’s coral snake

– South American coral snake (Micrurus lemniscatus)

– Trinidad northern coral snake (Micrurus circinalis)

– Venezuela coral snake (Micrurus isozonus

More poisonous snakes and poisonous animals

Ore Spitznatter

The Ore Spitznatter (Oxybelis aeneus) has a large distribution area:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Amazon, Federal District, Minas Gerais, Rondonia, Roraima, Pará, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Mato Grosso, Ceará, Piauí, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco).

Also in Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guyana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Isla Margarita, Colombia in the Valle del Cauca, Mexico (Chiapas, Morelos, Oaxaca, Yucatan, Aguascalientes, Tamaulipas, Campeche, Quéretaro, Jalisco, Sonora, Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Nuevo León, Chihuahua), Nicaragua with Corn Island, Panama, Peru (Ancash), Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.

It is also found in the US state of Arizona and Venezuela (Mérida, Esqueda, La Marca).

Glossy Vine Snake

The gloss Vine Snake (Oxybelis fulgidus) reaches a Grööße over 1.80 m. You can find them in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Mato Grosso, Pará), Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guyana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras,

Colombia, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Campeche), Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname as well as Venezuela and Tobago.

Their poison is less strong and causes unpleasant local symptoms such as swelling, edema and pain as well as lymphangitis and lymph node swelling, but should still be taken seriously.

There are no subspecies of the snake.

South American Bushmaster

The South American Bushmaster (Lachesis muta) occurs in the following countries:

Northern Bolivia, Brazil (Minas Gerais, Acre, Amapéa, Amazonas, Pará, Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Alagoas, Ceará, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro), in the east of Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana, in the northeast and east of Peru, in Suriname, as well as in Trinidad and Venezuela.

There are no subspecies of the snake.

Tropical rattlesnake

The tropical rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus) is found in Argentina (Mendoza, La Pampa, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Fe, Córdoba, La Rioja, Catamarca, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones).

On the Caribbean island of Aruba, in Brazil (including in Rio Grande do Sul, Roraima, Amapá, Roraima, Goias, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro), in Guyana and French Guyana.

Also in Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela (Cojedes)

There are seven subspecies of the tropical rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus):

– Crotalus durissus cumanensis

– Crotalus durissus durissus

– Crotalus durissus marajoensis

– Crotalus durissus ruruima

– Crotalus durissus terrificu

– Crotalus durissus trigonicus

– Crotalus durissus unicolor


The tarantulas live mainly in self-made caves in swampy areas. A bite, while uncomfortable, is usually not threatening.


The bird world with its many different hummingbirds is also considered to be particularly rich in species. There are also green-winged macaws. They are dependent on giant old trees, because only here will they find suitable breeding caves for the offspring.

The same goes for harpies. On average, these only breed every third year. Its enormous size with a span of almost three meters has its price. It takes almost two years for the chick to grow up.

Harpies always build their nests in the tops of the tallest trees. Due to the massive growth of creepers, however, they hardly find any breeding places, with the result that their numbers are falling more and more

Animals in the water

Guyana dolphins

The Guyana dolphin, also known as coastal sotalia (Sotalia guianensis), lives on the coasts of the Caribbean and the Atlantic between Nicaragua and Honduras in the north and the Brazilian Florianópolis and the Abrolhos archipelago in the south.

They can also be found in Lake Maracaibo. The animals reach a length of 1.70 cm, whereas those in Lake Maracaibo are smaller.

The lake in the north-west of Venezuela covers an area of around 13,515 km² and is up to 35 m deep.

The 38 km long and 5.5 to 14.6 km wide strait “Canal de San Carlos”

connects it with the Gulf of Venezuela and thus with the Caribbean. Piraucu

The Piraucu is the local largest freshwater fish. It can reach a length of up to 4 m.


Various shark species also live in the coastal waters off Guyana.

Guyana Politics