Ghana is a country in Africa according to mathgeneral. Ghana is blessed with great natural wealth and although its national parks and wildlife sanctuaries are relatively small compared to other African countries, various species of antelope, monkeys, lions and elephants can be seen here. Above all, birds and butterflies are numerous in the Ghanaian forests. A narrow grassy plain begins at the coast and widens inland. On the coast there are beaches and lagoons where you can practice various water sports. The south and west are covered with dense rainforests, which are increasingly becoming nature reserves such as appointed to the Kakum National Park and expanded accordingly. Ecotourism in particular has a future here, but throughout Ghana one can also explore the country’s rich history. Ghana still has 42 European forts and castles such as Elmina and Cape Coast, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as battlefields between the British colonial power and the local population.
Arriving by plane
There are no non-stop flights to Accra from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. KLM (KL) connects Frankfurt/M., Vienna and Zurich with Accra via Amsterdam. Lufthansa (LH) flies from Frankfurt/M. including in cooperation with Brussels Airlines (SN) via Brussels and with TAP Air Portugal (TP) via Lisbon to Accra. Austrian Airlines (OS) flies from Vienna in cooperation with KLM (KL) via Amsterdam and with Brussels Airlines (SN) via Brussels to Accra. Swiss (LX) connects Zurich in cooperation with Brussels Airlines (SN) via Brussels with Accra.
Frankfurt/M. – Accra: 9 hrs 5 mins; Vienna – Accra: 10 hrs 15 mins; Zurich – Accra: 9 hours 5 minutes (each with a stopover).
Arrival by car
A coastal road connects Lagos (Nigeria), Cotonou (Benin) and Lomé (Togo) with Accra. The best road leads inland from Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire) via Kumasi. The Strait of Burkina Faso crosses the border at Navrongo, buses, taxis and tro-tros (minibuses) operate. With long-distance taxis you can easily reach the neighboring countries. Tolls: The highway between Accra and Tema is subject to tolls. Fees are payable at toll booths. Documents: The international driver’s license is required in addition to the national driver’s license.
Arrival by train
There is no cross-border rail traffic.
Arrival by ship
Ghana has two deep-sea ports in Takoradi and Tema, where cruise ships also dock. With Grimaldi cargo ships, it is possible to travel by sea from Hamburg or Antwerp to Tema with or without a car (journey time from Antwerp: approx. 12 days).
The shipping company Regent Seven Seas also docks in Ghana on its cruises departing from Europe. Seabourn, Silversea and Holland America Line also offer Ghana on their cruises from South Africa.
Traveling by plane
Domestic flights operated by Africa World Airlines (AW) connect cities in Ghana; including several times a day Accra with Kumasi and Tamale.
Traveling by car/bus
The road network covers approx. 62,000 km. A highway runs from Accra to Tema and a relatively good road to Kumasi and Tamale. Tolls: The highway between Accra and Tema is subject to tolls. Fees are payable at toll booths. Gas stations are plentiful along the main roads.
Right-hand traffic/left-hand traffic
Condition of the roads
The roads in the cities are in fair condition. Most major roads are also maintained. The secondary roads are not paved and can practically only be used with four-wheel drive vehicles; during the rainy season they are often completely impassable. Night driving should generally be avoided.
Roads in Ghana are identified with a letter and number, with trunk roads beginning with N, inter-regional roads with IR and regional roads with R.
Rental cars can be hired with or without a driver from international and local companies. Drivers must be at least 21 years old.
Taxis are available. They can be stopped at any time by a show of hands. The fare should definitely be negotiated before you start your journey, otherwise you might end up paying double or triple the normal fare. There are also the so-called Tro-Tros in Ghana; Vehicles that have been converted in such a way that as many passengers, objects or farm animals as possible can be transported. Tro-Tros run on fixed routes and at low fixed prices.
Intercity STC buses connect the country’s cities. The newer bus companies, such as VIP and Metro Mass Transit Ltd., operate between cities on more modern, air-conditioned buses. Smaller towns are served by minibuses and vans.
Traffic regulations: – Alcohol limit: 0.8 ‰. – Children up to the age of 5 must be carried in child seats in the back seat. – Helmets are compulsory for motorcyclists and moped drivers. Speed limits: – in built-up areas: 30-50 km/h (depending on the signs); – country roads: 80 km/h; – Motorways: 100 km/h.
The ADAC foreign emergency call offers ADAC members and holders of ADAC foreign health and accident insurance comprehensive assistance in the event of vehicle breakdowns, traffic accidents, loss of documents and money, and medical emergencies. The emergency number is available around the clock; in the event of damage to the vehicle: Tel. +49 (0)89 22 22 22, in the event of illness: +49 (0)89 76 76 76. In the event of breakdowns or accidents with the rental car, the car rental company should be contacted first.
The international driver’s license is required in addition to the national driver’s license.
Traveling in the city
Accra has an extensive bus network, mostly operated by private companies. They use small buses (Moto-way), a variety of minibuses (Tro-Tro) and wooden-bodied buses (Mammy Wagons). Taxis and shared taxis are also available, and fares should be agreed in advance.
Locally on the way by train
The state-owned Ghana Railway Corporation operates Ghana’s rail network, only a small part of which is in operation. The routes Accra-Tema, Accra-Kotoku and Awaso-Dunkwa-Takoradi are operated.
Traveling by ship
A steamship, the Yapei Queen, runs regularly on Lake Volta between Akosombo and Yeji. There are also ferry services from Yeji to Buipe and Makongo. For more information, contact the Ministry of Tourism.