Syria is a country in Asia according to ehealthfacts. The Syrian Arab Republic revels in its past, stretching back tens of thousands of years, and the cultural richness that comes with it. Syria holds innumerable relics documenting the rise and fall of different civilizations, and it remains open to such cultural diversity. The long history of Syria is full of dramatic episodes that tell of its incorporation into past empires (the Babylonians, Canaanites, Assyrians, Phoenicians, etc.), Napoleon’s campaign in 1799/1800, the invasion of Egypt in the 1830s, the uprising of 1860-61 and from the civil war in the 21st century. Century. However, this troubled past has resulted in a landscape of places steeped in history, ranging from the entire city of Damascus to the country’s many mosques. The drama of the story, however, could not harm the character of the Syrian people, who, surprisingly for some, exude friendliness and warmth, and Syrians are justifiably proud of their country.
Arriving by plane
Syria’s national airline, Syrian Arab Airlines (RB), is banned from flying and landing in the EU and Switzerland. EU citizens are only allowed to buy plane tickets from Syrian Arab Airlines (RB) for evacuation from Syria. Cham Wings Airlines (6Q) offers flights between Damascus and the United Arab Emirates, Iraq and Iran, among others.
Arrival by car
The most important international roads lead from Istanbul to Syria via the E5 to Ankara, Adana and Iskenderun (Turkey). Coming from Europe, from Antakya, take the Bab-al-Hawa road that leads to Aleppo and at Kassab to Latakia. The best southbound roads come from Aqaba on the Red Sea (Jordan). Bus: Daily bus services between Amman and Damascus. Tolls: There are currently no toll roads in Syria. Documents: In addition to the national driver’s license, the international driver’s license is required.
Arrival by train
There is no cross-border rail traffic.
Arrival by ship
Latakia and Tartus are the country’s main port cities.
Traveling by plane
Domestic flights are currently not operated.
Traveling by car/bus
The road network covers around 25,900 km, of which 22,500 km are paved. Some roads are impassable during the rainy season. The main road runs from Aleppo to Damascus and Dar’a (north-south axis).
Right-hand traffic/left-hand traffic
Rental cars are available in Damascus at the airport and in the city, as well as in other major cities. Drivers must be at least 21 years old to rent a car; An additional young driver fee is often payable under the age of 25.
Taxis are everywhere in the country’s larger cities. All taxis are metered; Travelers should make sure these are turned on or agree on a fare before boarding. Shared taxis go to almost all parts of the country.
Regular buses connect Damascus and Aleppo with most towns. The white and orange Karnak Government buses are air-conditioned; booking in advance is recommended. Buses usually stop in the city center. Although private buses and minibuses are cheaper, they are less comfortable and do not have fixed timetables.
Traffic regulations: – Children must be carried in the back seat; – alcohol limit: 0.00 ‰; strict ban on alcohol; – Seatbelt obligation. Speed limits: – in built-up areas: 40 km/h; – on rural roads: 80 km/h; – on motorways: 120 km/h.
In addition to the national driver’s license, the international driver’s license is required. The green insurance card has not yet been recognised. Insurance is required by law. To import a car, a customs certificate is required, which is available from all automobile clubs.
Traveling in the city
State buses operate in all larger towns. However, almost all buses outside the capital only have Arabic lettering. Taxis are available.
Locally on the way by train
The state railway company Chemin de fer Syrias (CFS) operates the rail traffic in the country. Trains operate on the Damascus – Aleppo – Deir ez-Zor – Al-Hasakah – Qamishli and Aleppo – Latakia – Banias – Tartus – Homs – Damascus – Deraa routes. 1st class is air-conditioned.