Welcome to the top MBA directory in Alaska. We have created the list of best Alaska business colleges that provide BBA, MBA or DBA programs. Most business schools offer full-time, part-time and executive education. Such rankings are based on the student surveys, alumni reviews, admissions profiles, employment rates, average starting salary and peer school assessment. To find out detailed information about admissions and career about each school in Alaska, just follow the link below.
- University of Alaska-Anchorage College of Business and Public Policy
- University of Alaska-Fairbanks School of Management
Alaska [English pronunciation əlæʹskə; Russian pronunciation ɐl j aʹskə], abbreviated AK, state of the northwest US; 1.5 million km2, 737,400 residents (2018).Alaska makes up 1/6 of the entire US area and is separated from Asia by the only 90 km wide Bering Strait. Alaska became the 49th state of the United States in 1959. The capital is Juneau. Check abbreviationfinder for more abbreviations of Alaska as well as other acronyms that have the same abbreviation like Alaska.
Alaska. State Map.
Terrain shapes and bedrock
Alaska encompasses most of the peninsula that makes up the northwestern part of North America and extends to the Asian continent. The majority is mountainous and inaccessible with glaciers and volcanoes. From a geographical point of view, Alaska can be divided into four regions.
Farthest to the coast in the south, the pacific mountain region is spread by two arcuate mountain ranges, which run parallel to the Pacific coast. The exterior of them is a continuation to the north of the US Coast Mountains and forms the Kenai Peninsula and Kodia Island with nearby islands. The inner chain, which is a continuation to the north of the mountain range with the Sierra Nevada and the Cascade Mountains, includes the mighty Alaska Range.
Alaska. Denali, located in the Alaska Range and is the highest mountain in the United States and North America (6,194 meters above sea level).
It continues southwest and forms the Alaska Peninsula and the long archipelago of the Aleutians. There are large glaciers and about ten active volcanoes, for example Katmai, on the peninsula itself and some forty on the Aleutians, of which more than 25 are active.
To the north of the Pacific mountains the region of the Inner Basin is spreading with plains and plateaus. The area is dominated by the mighty Yukon River, which flows into the southern part of the Bering Sea. The average height of the plateau is 1,050 m above sea level. In the northern part of Alaska is the third landform region, an arctic rock massif with the Brooks Mountains as the main mountain range.
Alaska. Dalton Highway with Brooks Mountains in the background. To the right are oil lines.
There are extremely inaccessible and partly unknown mountain regions. A northern slope area forms the fourth natural region, the Arctic coastal plain, which reaches a width of up to 240 km.
The climate shows great differences, partly as a result of topographical differences. Along the Pacific coast there is a temperate climate with cool summers and high rainfall. The interior of the country has a cold continental climate with low rainfall and permafrost in the soil. In the northern Bering Sound and along the Arctic coast there are polar climates with short, chilly summers and long, cold winters. The annual rainfall is more than 2,000 mm in the west and 300 mm along the north coast. The vegetation period is short, 132 days in the Kenai Peninsula and 97 days at Fairbanks.
Flora and fauna
The coastal areas of the north and west, including the Aleutians, have treeless tundra vegetation. The coastal strip bordering Canada in the southeast is overgrown with coniferous forests of, for example, sitkagran and hemlock species. The central lowlands, including the southern slopes of Brooksbergen, are largely covered by boreal coniferous forests with spruces and birch. About 1,560 species of vascular plants are known from Alaska.
Reindeer and moose are numerous. The area houses many predators, e.g. wolf, mountain fox, wolverine, brown bear (grizzly bear), black bear and along the northern coast polar bear. The tundra is an important breeding ground for pockets, geese, ducks and waders. Along the coast, dozens of algae breed. Humpback and dog salmon migrate into the rivers to play and are then popular prey for both brown bears and anglers. Sea otters and northern fur seals were both few at the beginning of the 20th century due to hard hunting, but are now again in a satisfactory number. Walrus and several species of whales are also found along the coasts.
Alaska’s indigenous population of Indians, Inuit (Eskimos) and Aleutians in recent years has constituted just under 15 percent of the population. From 1940, when the population was 70,000, immigration to Alaska has been large, mainly to the Anchorage area, which now houses just under half of the state’s population (402,600 residents, 2016) and which is the economically dominant region. Attempts have been made in recent years to move the capital here from Juneau, which, like Sitka (capital during the 19th century) is located in the southeast. The second largest city is Fairbanks (32,300 residents) inland. At the far north is Barrow, which with its 4,200 residents is one of America’s largest Inuit settlements. See towns in Alaska.
Fur hunting and later whaling were the most important industries in Alaska from the beginning. During the latter part of the 1800s and early 1900s, Alaska experienced a huge gold rush. Many cities, such as Juneau, Skagway, Nome and Fairbanks, are gold mining communities from the beginning. Major federal investments for military purposes have been made in Alaska during and after the Second World War, including in airfields and roads, which have contributed greatly to business development. In the 1950s, oil and natural gas began to be mined, and in 1968 major oil discoveries were made at the Arctic Ocean. Following opposition from indigenous peoples and environmental representatives, a pipeline was completed across Alaska from 1977, from Prudhoe Bay to the ice-free port of Valdez in the south (see Alaska Line). Oil revenues now account for about 80 percent of the state’s revenue. Fishing, with associated freezing and canning industries, is also of great importance to Alaska’s business community.
An industry under strong growth is also tourism, but the “exploitation” of the wilderness entails conflicts with conservation interests. The climate allows agriculture to a limited extent, including around Anchorage and Fairbanks (barley, potatoes, some vegetables). Forest resources in the south and southeast have begun to be utilized, and wood processing industries have been built. Large mineral resources exist, such as copper, tin, mercury and platinum, but they are difficult to extract. Lower quality coal is broken. Gold production still has some significance.
Tourism and gastronomy
After oil extraction, tourism (along with fishing and forestry) is the state’s most important source of income; nature experiences as well as sport fishing and hunting attract in the first place. Alaska’s main asset in the longer term is considered to be the largely untouched nature. There are a large number of national parks or otherwise protected natural areas. The most famous and accessible national parks are Denali and Glacier Bay. The largest is Wrangell-Saint Elias with an area corresponding to Jämtlands.
Those interested in cultural history can study, among other things. Native American totem poles in Totem Bight (Tlingit and Haida Indians) near Ketchikan in southern Alaska, as well as in the old capital Sitka (Tlingit), which also has monuments from the Russian era.
Gold digging epoch can be experienced in Skagway and Fairbanks. Skagway was the gateway to the Klondike gold rush in Canada, and here is the large Klondike Gold Rush Historic Park.
The gastronomic diversity can surprise many. In the valleys of the south you manage to grow cabbage, lettuce, barley and oats, otherwise the pantry is filled from the sea (salmon, halibut and herring; however, whale meat has lost its popularity in any case among tourists) or through the wild (bear, elk, reindeer). Cranberry ketchup and ice cream on strawberries can be offered to the reindeer basket.
Sourdough bread is a signal for this part of the United States; a tradition that has emerged from the harsh conditions of the gold miners. These carried a small piece of dough with them from the last bread tray where they went to get the next dough to ferment; The dough lump is soured by yeast fungi and the lactic acid bacteria in the air. This the only way previously known to have bread to ferment has evolved into a flora of recipes in Alaska, such as potato bread with poppy seeds, white French bread and whole grain bread.
Flight is the most important mode of transport. Alaska has a well-developed regular flight network and an extensive private flight. The only railroad is the Seward-Anchorage-Fairbanks line. The road network is limited. The Alaska Highway (2,450 km), built during the Second World War from Fairbanks to Dawson Creek in Canada, is the only land transport connection to the rest of the United States. It is supplemented by ferry service (Marine Highway) from Seattle / Prince Rupert through port cities in southeastern Alaska to Haines, from where there is a road connection (about 250 km) to Alaska Highway west of Whitehorse in Canada. Freight transport to and from Alaska goes to 90 percent by sea, primarily via Seattle.
Alaska was discovered in 1741 by Vitus Bering, a Danish explorer in Russian service, and was crossed early by Russian fur hunters. During the 18th century, Britain, Spain and France also showed interest in the area. Later, conflicts erupted with the Hudson’s Bay Company expanding from Canada, until a treaty regulated the boundary of the area. Russia had only exploited Alaska and not colonized it, and when the profitability of the fur trade began to decline, in 1867 Alaska was sold to the United States for $ 7.2 million. The discovery of gold deposits caused new border disputes, before a treaty in 1903 determined the Alaska-Canada border. The discovery of gold in i.a. The Klondike in 1896 led to increased settlement, and in 1912 Alaska was given the status of territory with its own legislative assembly.
During World War II, Alaska gained strategic importance, which was further accentuated by the growing contradictions to the Soviet Union after the war. Requirements for the state of Alaska were crowned with success in 1959, when Alaska became the United States’ 49th state. The political contradictions have later been mainly between groups that wanted to develop Alaska industrially and economically with the help of the country’s large natural resources and, on the other, groups that wanted to guard Alaska’s natural areas. These contradictions were sharpened by the discovery of large oil deposits. Initially dominated by the Democratic Party, Alaska has developed into a two-party state with stiff competition between Democrats and Republicans.