Much of the African population suffers from hunger, misery, wars, unemployment, among many other decadent situations. Africa is undoubtedly the continent with the worst social indicators in the world. The African continent is currently home to about 930 million inhabitants. Of this total, a large part is concentrated in Nigeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo and South Africa, which are the most populous countries.
The regions with the highest demographic densities are those with fertile soils, such as the river valley and the Nile and Niger Delta, in addition to the coastal coast, a place with good rainfall. The regions of Africa with low population density comprise desert areas, such as the Sahara desert (Islamic Africa), the Namibian and Calaari desert and the forests of Congo (Sub-Saharan Africa).
|Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
|Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
|Johannesburg, South Africa
|Abidjan, Ivory Coast
|Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Currently, the continent has undergone an intense process of urbanization, even so, large urban centers are restricted: the largest cities are Cairo (Egypt), with about 7 million inhabitants; Alexandria (Egypt), with 4 million; Lagos (Nigeria), with 7 million; Casablanca (Morocco), with 3.7 million; Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo), with 9 million; Algiers (Algeria), with 2.5 million; and Cape Town (South Africa), with 3.4 million.
African countries have the worst mortality rates (13.5%), in addition to having a high birth rate (35.2%) and the highest vegetative growth in the world (2.17%), showing that the quality of life of population is decadent. Hunger and AIDS are problems that affect Africa almost entirely. According to data from the United Nations, about 150 million Africans do not eat the minimum amount of calories daily, and another 23 million are at risk of starvation.
All the social problems identified in Africa (poverty, hunger, unemployment, wars, etc) can be aggravated, considering that if vegetative growth continues at the same pace (around 1.9% per year), in 2015 the African population will be 1 billion, a fact that will trigger an increase in the demand for food, increasing hunger.
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Welcome to the top MBA directory in Africa. We have created the list of best African business colleges that provide BBA, MBA or DBA programs. Most business schools offer full-time, part-time and executive education. Such rankings are based on the student surveys, alumni reviews, admissions profiles, employment rates, average starting salary and peer school assessment. To find out detailed information about admissions and career about each school in Africa, just follow the link below.
|Lagos Business School
|Gordon Institute of Business Science
|American University in Cairo School of Business
|The University of Dar es Salaam Business School
|Makerere University Business School
|Wits Business School
|Strathmore Business School
|University of Ghana Business School
|HEM Business School
|The United States International University-Africa Business School
Note: According to Countryaah, there are 54 countries in Africa. Among these countries and regions, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda host the African leading 10 famous business MBA programs.
The threat to nature is one of the major problems in Africa. The reasons must be sought in the rising poverty and in the changes that characterized the continent in the 1900’s. The population has grown and production has been shifted from self-sufficiency to a production that to a greater extent includes sales and exports. Population pressure has led to a shortening of the fallow period of agricultural land, and the traditional natural adaptation of nomadic communities is threatened by modern agriculture, fencing and the expansion of infrastructure.
In many countries, the difficult economic situation, and in some places also the government’s development policy, has led to urban growth. This has led to extensive slums on the outskirts of most major cities. These neighborhoods have their own environmental problems in the form of inadequate water supply, waste disposal and sewerage; in combination with miserable housing conditions, the result is high morbidity and mortality, especially among children. In the largest industrial cities and in densely trafficked districts, air pollution can be a major problem, and in most cities wastewater is discharged untreated with hygiene problems as a result. In some countries, the prospect of foreign exchange earnings has led the government to accept environmentally hazardous waste from the developing countries.
The African rainforests have supplied large quantities of tropical timber to the European market. Especially on the coast of Guinea in West Africa, a lot of rainforest has been cleared. In addition to logging, clearings for plantations, small farms, roads, urban growth and fuel have removed most of the forest. Also in East Africa (Ethiopia, Uganda) and in Madagascar, large areas of forest have been cleared. The Democratic Republic of Congo has the largest of the remaining rainforest areas (1 million km2).
Deforestation leaves room for soil erosion in connection with heavy rainfall and runoff, and certain tropical soil types are transformed into barren laterite when exposed to precipitation of iron minerals in the surface.
Most of the energy used for cooking is obtained from firewood and charcoal, and in many areas wood consumption is greater than the growth of trees. This can also lead to erosion problems and local desertification. As the modern energy supply is largely undeveloped in rural and urban slums, it is not possible to replace the fire with fossil energy sources. Several aid projects support the development of renewable energy sources, streamlining firewood utilization and tree planting.
The savannah areas are home to the large, well-known African mammals such as elephant, giraffe, rhino, zebra and lion. Here, nature is adapted to the change between rainy and dry times. Population growth has meant an incipient cultivation of the outskirts of the savannah; wear and tear of plant growth and soil erosion has increased and certain animal species are threatened by hunting pressure.
Especially in East Africa, which has a particularly rich animal and plant life, large savannah areas have been protected to counteract these threats. One consequence is that the original residents are excluded, which has caused problems especially for the nomads when traditional grazing areas have been laid out as national parks.