Vietnam Political System, Famous People, Animals and Plants

By | January 15, 2023

Vietnam: Political System

According to EQUZHOU.NET, Vietnam is a one-party system of the Communist Party of Vietnam CPV. No opposition is allowed! At the head of the state is the Prime Minister, who is also the General Secretary of the CPV. The parliament, the national assembly, is a unicameral system. The parliament is elected every 5 years and has 498 members, of which only about 10% do not belong to the CPV. Lately Parliament has been given a little more decision-making powers. The cabinet consists of 26 department ministers and 3 deputy prime ministers. See AbbreviationFinder for more information about Vietnam politics, and acronyms as well.

Communist Party of Vietnam CPV

The party was founded by Ho Chi Minh in 1946. The political bureau, which consists of 15 members, leads the party. The central committee with 150 members meets about twice a year. Every five years at the party congress, the direction of politics is determined. The official voting age is 18 years.

The official name of the country is:

Socialist Republic of Vietnam Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam

Administrative structure

States of

Vietnam are divided into the following 59 states and the 5 municipalities shown:

States of

An Giang, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Ben Tre, Binh Dinh, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Binh Thuan, Ca Mau, Cao Bang, Dac Lak, Dac Nong, Dien Bien, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Hai Duong, Ha Nam, Ha Tay, Ha Tinh, Hau Giang, Hoa Binh, Hung Yen, Khanh Hoa, Kien Giang, Kon Tum, Lai Chau, Lam Dong, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Long An, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Ninh Thuan, Phu Tho, Phu Yen, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Soc Trang, Son La, Tay Ninh, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien-Hue, Tien Giang, Tra Vinh, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Long, Vinh Phuc, Yen Bai


Can Tho, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh

National anthem

Based on flag descriptions by, the national anthem of Vietnam was written and composed in 1944 by Nguyen Van Cao (1923-1995). It became the country’s official anthem in 1945. In Vietnamese it is:

  • Check top-mba-universities for public holidays, sports events, UNESCO world heritage sites and major places to visit in Vietnam.
Đoàn Quân Việt Nam điChung lòng Cuu Quoc

Buoc chân Don vang trên đường xa Gap Ghenh

Cờ in Mau chiến Thắng vang Hon nước,

Sung Ngoại xa chen Khuc Quân hành about

Đường vinh quang Xay XAC Quân Thu,

Thắng gian lao cùng nhau Lập chiến khu.

Vì nhân dân chiến đấu không ngừng,

Tiến mau ra xa trường,

Tiến lên, cùng tiến lên.

Nước non Việt Nam ta vững bền.Đoàn quân Việt Nam đi

Sao vàng phấp phới

Dắt giống nòi quê hương qua nơi lầm than

Cùng chung sức phấn đấu xây đời mới,

Đứng đều lên gông xích ta đập tan.

Từ bao lâu ta nuốt căm hờn,

Quyết hy sinh đời ta tươi thắm hơn.

Vì nhân dân chiến đấu không ngừng,

Tiến mau ra xa trường,

Tiến lên, cùng tiến lên.

Nước non Việt Nam ta vững bền.

And in the English translation

Soldiers of Vietnam, we are advancingwith the sole desire to save our fatherland.

Our quick steps resound on the long and arduous journey.

Our flag, red with the blood of victory, carries the soul of the land.

The thunderous thunder of weapons mingles with our marching song.

The path to honor is through our foes’ bodies.

Forward! Let’s move forward together!

Our Vietnam is powerful and eternal.Soldiers of Vietnam, we are advancing,

The golden star of our flag in the wind.

Lead our people, our homeland, out of misery and suffering.

Let us bundle our efforts in the struggle for a new life.

Let’s stand up and break our chains.

We have swallowed our hatred to land.

Let us be ready for sacrifice and our lives will be bright.Ceaselessly let’s

fight for the people.

Let’s rush to the battlefield.

Forward! Let’s move forward together!

Our Vietnam is strong and eternal.

Vietnam: Known People

Politicians and rulers

  • Trần Hưng Đạo (1228? -1300)was a Vietnamese general during the Trần dynasty . He is considered a national hero in today’s Vietnam.
  • Lei LoiHe is a Vietnamese national hero. He defeated and expelled the Chinese in 1448. He then proclaimed himself ruler.
  • Ngô Đình Diệm (1901-1963)Diem was the first American-backed President of the Republic of Vietnam from 1955-1963. In 1963 he was dropped by the Americans and executed on November 1, 1963, along with his younger brother and some members of the government, by coup generals.
  • Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (born 1923 in Vietnam – 2001 in the USA)was a general and from 1967 to 1975 President of South Vietnam.
  • Ho Chi Minh (1890 – 1969),which means the Bringer of Light, his real name was Nguyen Tat Thanh. He was the founder of the Communist Party of Vietnam, of which he was party leader from 1946 until his death in 1969. He was the symbol of the Vietnamese in the fight against the Americans. Millions of people demonstrated under his likeness and with Ho Chi Minh shouts during the Vietnam War in the capitals of the world – including the USA.
  • Pierre Pigneau de Bahaime (1741-1799),also known as the “Prince of Indochina”, helped the French to power in Vietnam and helped Vietnam achieve independence.
  • Paul Doumer (1857-1932)Paul Doumer was French Governor General of Indochina from 1897 to 1902. In France he was elected President of the State much later, on May 13, 1931. Almost exactly a year later, on May 6, 1932, at the opening of a book fair in Paris, the Russian émigré Paul Gorguloff shot Doumer and injured him so badly that he died of gunshot wounds the following day.

Writer and poet

  • Nguyen Trai (1380-1442)was a well-known poet of his time.
  • Tran Cao VanPoet. Attempted the uprising against the French with the ruler Duy Tan towards the end of the 19th century.
  • Ngayen Du (1765-1820)he wrote “Kim Van Kein”, The Kien Saga.


  • Khan Ly (born 1913)pop singer who has lived in the USA since 1975.
  • Quang LinhBorn in Hue, the former banker is now a successful pop singer.
  • Phnong Thanhfemale Vietnamese pop icon.


  • Alexandre De Rhodes (1591 – 1666)The French Jesuit is responsible for the fact that the Vietnamese script is still based on Latin letters today.

Vietnam Politics