South Carolina [sa u θkerəla in ʹnə], abbreviated SC, state
of the United States; 83,000 km2, 5.1 million inhabitants (2018).The
capital and largest city is Columbia.
South Carolina. State Map.
The western part of South Carolina reaches into Blue Ridge, one of the
Appalachian ridges, with Sassafras Mountain (1,083 m above sea level) as the
state's highest peak. Further east, the rolling Piedmont Plateau with hills of
150-300 m asl. It is bounded on the coastal plain by The Fall Line, a
steep terrain area with raging rivers. The coastal plain is South Carolina's
largest fertile area; the state has a relatively regular coast with large
South Carolina. Bridge connection between the
mainland and the Isle of Palms in southern South Carolina. The bridge, which
extends over a wide marsh area, is one of the few connections between the island
and the mainland.
The annual rainfall varies between 1,000 mm in the east to over 1,500 mm in
the mountains. The average temperature in January is around 10 °C on the coast
and 5 °C in the west. Corresponding values for July are 27 °C and 24 ° C,
In recent years, South Carolina has had a slightly stronger population
increase than the United States on average. 28 percent of the population is
African American. Just over 60 percent live in metropolitan regions; the largest
are the Greenville region, Columbia and Charleston.
During the 1900s, South Carolina changed from a society entirely dependent on
cotton cultivation and, to a certain extent, the textile industry to a state of
balanced economy, based on an increasingly diverse industry, a more diverse
agriculture and a well-developed service sector. Small farms were replaced by
large, mechanized farms. Tobacco is the most economically important crop,
followed by soybeans, corn, vegetables and cotton. Animal production plays a big
role. Fishing, especially of seafood, is also important.
The textile industry, which once started in the Piedmont area, is still the
leading industry in spite of increasing international competition. South
Carolina also has the food, chemical and electronic industries as well as a
rapidly growing forest-based industry. Tourism, including on the Atlantic coast,
plays a major economic role. South Carolina has good communications and the most
important port city is Charleston.
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism is a significant source of income. The main sights are along the
Atlantic coast, the northern part of which has a 100 km long sandy beach with
the town of Myrtle Beach as the center and with many small seaside resorts. The
coast to the south includes a number of islands, of which Hilton Head has been
expanded into an exclusive holiday area.
The state's leading tourist destination is its oldest city and first
capital, Charleston, which has preserved much of its old cultural-historically
interesting settlement. Such buildings can also be seen in Beaufort and
Georgetown (southwest and northeast of Charleston), which are the second oldest
cities. In Charleston and its surroundings there are a number of palace-like
dwelling houses, once erected by wealthy plantation owners and often surrounded
by notable gardens. Points of interest, for example, are Middleton Place and
South Carolina. Founded in 1676, Magnolia Gardens
is one of the state's most popular tourist destinations.
A popular tourist destination is Fort Sumter in the inlet of Charleston,
where the Civil War began in 1861. In other parts of South Carolina there are
also various memorial sites from both the North American Freedom War and the
Civil War, for example. the Kings Mountain National Military Park in the
northern part of the state.
Many tourists also apply to the capital, Columbia. For the nature enthusiast,
South Carolina has few well-known travel destinations, although the state of the
west reaches up into the Appallachians and Blue Ridge Mountains.
The food is a mixture of English, African and to some extent West Indian,
with the ubiquitous corn as the basis. Spoon bread, a corn meal, was
most common among small farmers who did not have access to bread seed; otherwise
the recipes tend to reflect a richer plant life, where American / English (batter-fried
chicken, breaded and golden fried chicken pieces; baked rice
pudding, sweet rice pudding with raisins) are mixed with African-inspired
dishes (okra gumbo, where pork and beef stew with okra, tomatoes,
onions and cayenne pepper; hopping John, rice and black-eyed beans with
pork eaten on New Year's Day).
Some of the most famous seafood recipes are deviled crab,
where the crab meat is mixed with onions, green peppers, eggs, mayonnaise and
cayenne pepper and grilled in the crab shell, as well as shecrab soup,
cream-based crab soup with crab bromine and hard boiled, chopped egg yolk.
South Carolina was established as an English settlement in 1670 and in 1729
became a royal colony. In 1776, the area broke with the mother country and,
after the North American War of Independence, became one of the 13 colonies that
in 1789 formed the United States. The economy was dominated by a slave-based
plantation system along the coast, with poorer small-scale farming inland.
During the 19th century, South Carolina was the most prominent advocate for
the rights of the states and, during the 1860 crisis, the first state to exit
the Union. After the Civil War, South Carolina was given a new constitution in
1868, with extensive rights for the former slaves. After the northern state
troops withdrew in 1876, the plantation-owning upper class regained control, but
in 1890 lost political power to the inland peasants. The development led to a
strong racist policy, and in a new constitution in 1895 the blacks were
completely deprived of their civil rights, which they first regained with the
federal civil rights laws 1964-65.
As in all southern states, Democrats have long been the completely dominant
party, but since the 1980s, Republicans have made major inroads among white
voters and thus become the stronger party.