Welcome to the top MBA directory in Hawaii. We have created the list of best Hawaii business colleges that provide BBA, MBA or DBA programs. Most business schools offer full-time, part-time and executive education. Such rankings are based on the student surveys, alumni reviews, admissions profiles, employment rates, average starting salary and peer school assessment. To find out detailed information about admissions and career about each school in Hawaii, just follow the link below.
Admitted to the United States on August 21, 1959, Hawaii is the 50th state of the country. With population of 1,420,480, the state has a land area of 10,931 sq miles. See Countryaah.com for country profile of United States of America.
Hawaii [Swedish pronunciation havaʹji; English pronunciation həwa: ʹi] , abbreviated HI, since 1959 US 50th state; 16,760 km2, 1.4 million residents (2018).Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean, about the northern tropic, and besides the actual Hawaiian Islands (of which the seven largest are inhabited) many smaller islands in a nearly 2,500 km long desert stretching in a north-west-southeast direction. The state capital is Honolulu on the island of Oahu. There are suggestions to Hawaii to count the Midway Islands farthest to the northwest. Check abbreviationfinder for more abbreviations of Hawaii as well as other acronyms that have the same abbreviation like Hawaii. Visit topschoolsoflaw for top law colleges in Hawaii.
Hawaii. State Map.
Terrain shapes and bedrock
The Hawaiian Islands and the underwater mountains that continue to the northwest are all volcanoes that rise from the sea floor, 4,000–5,000 m uh The chain of volcanoes is a clear example of volcanism caused by a so-called hot spot, over which a seabed moves, in this case from the southeast to the northwest. Volcanism today is active only on the largest and youngest island, Hawaii, farthest to the southeast, where volcanoes Mauna Loa (4,169m asl) and Kilauea (1,243m ash) often erupt. These two volcanoes are located in a national park that was listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list in 1987.
Hawaii. The crater Puu Oo in the active shield volcano Kilauea.
Southeast of Hawaii, a new island is being built up by volcanic eruptions on the seabed. The island, which has not yet reached the sea surface, has been named Loihi. The easy-flowing basalt lava forms shield volcanoes and has given the younger islands their judgment form with clearly prominent craters. The older islands in the northwest are often surrounded by coral reefs and are heavily eroded. They are characterized by sharp-edged shapes as well as high cliff slopes with hollowed out caves and deep ravines. The loose soil cover on the islands consists of weathering soil and in the valleys alluvial soil with sand and ash, usually strongly red colored by oxidized iron.
The climate is markedly oceanic and temperate due to the constant northeast passage. The average temperature at sea level is 22 °C in January and 26 °C in July, while the mountains can have frost and snow in winter. The rainfall varies greatly. Mount Waialeale on Kauai has the highest rainfall on earth, 11,684 mm per year, over a 32-year period, while Puako in Hawaii gets 240 mm per year and Honolulu on Oahu gets 600 mm per year.
Flora and fauna
The larger islands were originally covered by lush rainforest-like vegetation. Nowadays, especially the coastal areas are cultivated or have received secondary vegetation with a very large element of non-native species. The number of original veneerogam species amounts to about 2,000, of which about 95 percent are endemic.
As a result of the highly isolated location of the desert chain, the higher wildlife is species poor, while the insect fauna due to species formation on the site is rich. The species originates from a few colonizers, who underwent rapid evolution in Hawaii, where many vacant niches existed. The only native land mammal is gray bats. Today there are four species of amphibians, one freshwater turtle species, twelve species of lizards and one snake, but all are introduced with human help.
When the first Polynesians arrived more than 1,000 years ago, there were at least 88 native endemic bird species, among them seven species of geese (several unable to fly), seven species of rallies, five species of honey eaters and at least 42 species of Hawaiian finches. Of these, 39 species had been exterminated as a result of introduced rats, feral pigs and hunting even when the first Europeans arrived in the 18th century. Since then a further at least 14 species have been eradicated, and several are on the verge of extinction. The same has happened with a wide range of invertebrate species due to the introduced species.
On the smaller islands in the northwest are the endemic and highly endangered Hawaiian monk seals (Moʹnachus schauinslaʹndi) as well as large colonies of seabirds. The island of Laysan houses one million saturns, further among others. fairytale, magnificent frigate bird and laysanal batatross. Coral reefs are found around several of the islands, and humpback whales flood in the waters.
Population and ethnography
Hawaii’s original population consisted of Polynesians who immigrated from central Polynesia until about 1100. When Captain Cook arrived in the islands in 1778, they had a population of just over 300,000. breeding of chickens and pigs. Despite self-sufficiency economics and relatively simple technology, the social structure was markedly hierarchical. Each island was a chief deity, whose ruler (moi) basically owned all land and was considered an incarnate deity, holding an extreme degree of sacred power (kapu; see further taboo). The noble layer also had kapu, which separated them from the “bourgeoisie”. The lowest strata of society were the slaves, who, by virtue of their negative capu, were considered unclean.
In line with the increasing European colonization, the indigenous population (drastically from diseases such as syphilis and smallpox) was drastically reduced to about 70,000 in the mid-1800s and only about 14,000 hundreds years later. The commercial exploitation of the islands by sugar and (later) pineapple plantations required a large supply of labor, and between 1852 and World War II tens of thousands of Chinese, Portuguese, Japanese and Filipinos were imported. This immigration history is reflected in today’s very mixed population.
An important contribution to the documentation of Hawaiian culture and history was made in the mid-19th century by the Swedish Abraham Fornander (1812–87), who in 1878–85 published “An Account of the Polynesian Race” (1-3).
Hawaii’s population has more than doubled since 1950. In 1980-90, the relative increase was 50 percent higher than the US average. Thereafter, the rate of growth has decreased and during the 00s, the population increase was lower than in the US as a whole. The strong growth in 1950–2000 was due to both large-scale migration and strong natural growth. The breed mix is large and mixed marriage very common. Most of the population now lives on the island of Oahu, which is included in the Honolulus metropolitan area. The largest island, named Hawaii (main city of Hilo) and named for the archipelago, comprises 10,500 km2, but has just over 10 percent of the population. See towns in Hawaii.
Hawaii’s population is largely English-speaking. Hawaiian, the original language, is now almost dead, but lives in geographical names and street names. Japanese and Chinese are spoken by some older immigrants. The Filipino languages are starting to spread as a result of immigration from the Philippines in recent years.
Tourism is Hawaii’s main industry. Tourist destinations such as the capital Honolulu, the beaches (such as Waikiki Beach) and the distinctive nature (such as the main island of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, which was listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1987) attract more than 7 million tourists to Hawaii each year. Tourism is estimated to provide employment (directly and indirectly) to more than half the population.
Also of great economic importance to Hawaii are the federal defense facilities (such as Pearl Harbor on Oahu). Agriculture is, after tourism, the most important industry. Highly mechanized plantation agriculture mainly produces sugar cane and pineapple. Furthermore, vegetables and macadamia nuts are grown. The products mainly go to the US market, partly after processing in the industry (sugar refineries, canning factories, etc.). Apart from some production for the domestic market (for example oil refineries, steel, cement and aluminum production), the other industry is of limited importance.
Hawaii, primarily Honolulu, is an important traffic hub for Pacific and air traffic. Passenger traffic between the islands is by air. In the field of education, the University of Hawaii with the East – West Center can be mentioned.
Tourism and gastronomy
Tourism has become the lifeblood of Hawaii. The peculiar nature, ancient Polynesian culture, a pleasant climate and fine beaches attract around seven million visitors annually, most from the rest of the United States and Japan.
There are many tourist destinations. The nature lover seeks out to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park with the active volcano Kilauea, from which since 1983 almost constantly flowing liquid lava. The huge volcanoes Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea are also major attractions. Another popular volcano is Haleakala on Maui.
Magnificent scenery with partly very lush vegetation and rich bird life is also found on the northern island of Kauai, which also has a number of places of cultural and historical interest. Studies of ancient Polynesian culture can be done in, for example, Honolulu, where the Bishop’s Museum with its famous collections is located. Also located in the capital is Iolani Palace, which is the only royal palace in the United States.
The historically interested can also visit Pearl Harbor and Arizona Memorial with the lowered battleship “Arizona”.
Outside Honolulu is the famous Waikiki Beach, which is surrounded by numerous hotels and various tourist facilities. All the islands, however, have an excellent climate and nice beaches, but the opportunities for shopping and nightlife vary.
The richness of raw materials from the sea (lobster, octopus, crab, tuna, shark, barley mackerel) and the crops (pineapple, papaya, guava, lychee, avocado, macadamia nuts) characterize the supply of food, which is characterized by a slight spice. The traditional dishes include luau, pork roasted whole in a pit in the ground lined with banana leaves, lomi lomi, salmon salmon, tomatoes and onions, as well as dishes with poi, starchy, mashed taro roots with mild flavor. Fresh pineapple is served with a preference for pork. Chicken stew with tao leaves is another common dish. Bread is often baked with bananas in the dough.
According to what can now be shown, the desert chain was inhabited even before 400 AD. (compare Bellows Beach). Isolated from other island groups, the residents, which brought pigs, dogs, and houseplants (possibly also chickens), developed a highly organized farming community based on fishing villages with small earthlings. Chieftains served as spiritual heads and administrators. They set up smart networks of walls, terraces, canals and ponds for erosion control, irrigation, salt extraction and fishing. Large stone temples were also erected (compare Halawa Valley). Goods and messages were conveyed through the waterway and through cluttered paths between different ahupua’a (districts).
In proportion to its size, Hawaii had a remarkable influence on international popular music during the 20th century. Genres such as blues, country, western swing, jazz and drummer have all been temporarily or more profoundly influenced by Hawaiian features.
Characteristic of the traditional music culture in Hawaii are various variants of hula (dance) and mele (recitative song), with the support of the pahu drum. Similar functional and ceremonial music has been found all over Polynesia.
The European immigrants who arrived in Hawaii in the 19th century also followed their culture, which largely broke the traditional islands. The Protestant anthem gained a strong foothold as did brass music. Mexican cowboys brought the guitar and Portuguese brought with them the predecessor of the ukulele, Braguinha.
Towards the end of the 19th century, attempts were made to re-create older traditions through musical mixed forms where, for example, hula dance was accompanied by guitar and ukulele. Typically, songs were also called hapa haole, where Hawaiian words were mixed into an otherwise English text. New indigenous innovative playing techniques such as slack key (open guitar tuning) and steel guitar, also called hawaiian guitar (landscape guitar played with chord guitar), as well as the special falsetto song, ka leo ki’eki’e (possibly developed from the mexican jodgling), provided the music a characteristic that we today consider Hawaiian.
The composer, as well as the former Queen of Hawaii, Lili’uokalani (1838-1917), wrote the emblematic song “Aloha ʻOe” (1878), where the relationship with salvation song is noticeable.
Since the US annexed Hawaii, a lively cultural exchange began, resulting in the popularization of Hawaiian styles; Hawaiian musicians began touring and a record market and tourism industry took off. At the World Exhibition in San Francisco in 1915, the (in the eyes of the West) exotic music gained international exposure. Soon its fame developed into a complete “craze”, not only in the United States (where Hawaiian-style slaughter topped record sales in 1916) but also in large parts of Europe and Asia. Sweden was visited in 1920 by the Hawaiian singer and ukulele player Segis Luvaun (1882-1937) who sang the butcher “Yaaka Hula Hickey Dula” at the Fenix Palace and made recordings with Ernst Rolf.
Important names in the popularization of Hawaiian music were the composer and musician John Kameaaloha Almeida (1897–1985), the falset-singing quartet Kalama Quartet, steel guitarists Bennie Nawahi (1899–1985) and Sol Ho’opi’i (1902–53), who both brought together Hawaiian features with jazz, as well as steel guitarist Lani McIntyre (1904–51), who through his collaboration with Jimmie Rodgers became of great importance for the development of country.
During the golden era of Hawaiian music around 1930-60, Hawaiian orchestras were formed around the world and the exotic style features of the music were used in schlager. Popularity was intensified through the US soldiers who crossed Hawaii during World War II. In Sweden, steel guitarist Yngve Stoor became synonymous with the genre.
With the rock and pop of the 1960s, young Hawaiians lost interest in the over-exposed and standardized Hawaiian music. But in the 1970s, a new awareness of one’s own culture was raised. A front name in this renaissance was slack key guitarist Gabby Pahinui (1921-80), whose acoustic style gained many followers. Common to the Hawaiian Renaissance artists was the avoidance of steel guitar.
Today, Hawaiian music has influences from rock, hip hop, reggae (so-called Jawaiian) and many other modern styles. Recent artists with international reputation include the ukulele player and singer Israel Kamakawiwoʻole (1959–97).
The first Europeans came to the islands in 1778 with James Cook, who named them Sandwich Islands. At this time, the islands consisted of several kingdoms. In 1796 a kingdom was established under Kamehameha I, which united the archipelago during its dynasty. During the 19th century, new immigrant groups, including from China and Japan and also American missionaries. The Americans soon became a political force, and tensions between them and the indigenous kings increased. In 1893, Queen Lilioukalani was deposed, and a republic was established with an American president. In 1898, Hawaii was annexed by the United States and gained 1900 status as a territory.
During the 20th century, Hawaii gained a greater strategic importance, and the United States placed bases there, among other things. a large naval base at Pearl Harbor. US participation in World War II began since Pearl Harbor was bombed on December 7, 1941. Hawaii long sought to gain the state of the United States, which was realized in 1959, when Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States. Hawaii was Americanized during the 20th century in many areas, including politically with the Republicans as the dominant party. From the early 1960s, the Democrats have taken over the leading position in politics.