Maine [me in n], abbreviated ME, the northeastern state
of the United States; 80,000 km2, 1.3 million inhabitants
(2018).Maine is the largest of the six New England states. The capital is
Maine. State Map.
Eastern Maine is a lowland area and is generally less than 200 meters above
sea level. The area has a fjord and archipelago coast, which testifies to past
icing and land elevation.
Maine. Portland Head Light in Cape Elizabeth is a
famous landmark on Maines coast.
In the small hilly landscape west of the coast, the bedrock is generally
covered by a thin layer of moraine. In western Maine, the Appalachian highlands
form a rolling, wooded plateau with occasional peaks of up to 1,600 m above sea
The climate is cool: the average temperature is −7 °C in January and 15 °C in
July. The rainfall is high throughout the year and varies between about 800 and
1 100 mm per year.
The majority of Maine's inhabitants are of British origin, about 25 percent
French-Canadian. The population lives largely in villages and smaller
cities. The densest population is the southwestern coastal area. The largest
cities are Portland (66,900, 2016), Lewiston (36,200) and Bangor (32,400).
In the woods of Maine, the forest industries, especially pulp and paper
production, play a dominant role. There is also the leather, plastic and food
industry. The shipbuilding industry and port operations in Portland are also of
central importance to the business community. Despite some decline, fishing,
especially lobster fishing, is still of economic importance.
Agriculture produces dairy products, potatoes and poultry products. The state
is also the United States' largest supplier of blueberries and a popular
recreation area. During the 2000s, tourism has become an increasingly important
source of income.
Tourism and gastronomy
Although the state lacks large and well-known tourist destinations, tourism
plays an important economic role. Maine has a varied landscape with a large
number of small lakes and streams, as well as many islands and fine sandy
beaches along the Atlantic coast. Acadia National Park has millions of visitors
Maine. Cadillac Mountain in Acadia National Park
has many popular hiking trails.
Maine's tourist season covers the entire year. Outdoor activities, swimming,
sailing and other boating sports attract during the summer and skiing during the
winter. Hunting and especially sport fishing also play a big role. The
historically interested visitor can study the colonial settlement or visit
The geographical location with cold and long winters has characterized the
food attitude in Maine. So the long-cooked became legion, and even today, New
England stew is a concept and an everyday dish. From the indigenous
population, the newcomers learned how to make use of corn, turkey, beans, maple
syrup, pumpkin and a large abundance of seafood. Traditional dishes in Maine
today are clam bakes (including chicken, corn, potatoes, lobster and
mussels), boiled lobster with lemon and melted butter, hot potato salad with
egg-based dressing, blueberry pie and chocolate brownies.
The first permanent European settlements were founded in the 1620s. In 1677,
the entire area was purchased by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and Maine later
became a district within Massachusetts. In connection with the so-called
Missouri Compromise 1820, Maine became its own state. Agriculture, fishing and
shipbuilding as well as the timber and paper industries were important
industries early on, and in the 19th century the textile industry was
added. During the 20th century, Maine often had financial problems. Politically,
Republicans have dominated from the Civil War until the mid-1950s, but then they
and Democrats have been strong.