Author Archives: topmbadirectory

Panama Economy and Culture

Republic of Panama. Located in the center of the Western Hemisphere, between the following coordinates: 7º12’07 “and 9º38’46” of North Latitude and 77º09’24 “and 83º03’07” of West Longitude. It limits to the North with the Caribbean Sea, to the East with the Republic of Colombia, to the South with the Pacific Ocean and to the West with the Republic of… Read More »

Panama Geography

As a country located in Central America according to, the Republic of Panama receives its name from the City of Panama, where the town hall was held and the Act of Separation of Panama from Colombia was signed, and in the same way for the Isthmus of Panama, which encompasses said territory. The word Panama… Read More »

Panama History Part 2

Republican era Panama Canal Once the separation of Panama from Colombia was declared, the new government, through its plenipotentiary ambassador Philippe-Jean Bunau-Varilla, achieved the signing of the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty for the construction of an interoceanic canal through the isthmus with the government of the United States of America. In 1904 the construction of the Panama Canal began by the Americans,… Read More »

Panama History Part 1

As a country located in Central America according to, the Isthmus of Panama was visited for the first time by the Spanish conquerors during the expedition of the Triana scribe, Rodrigo de Bastidas, in 1501. Bastidas sailed the Caribbean coast of the current province of Colón and the islands of the archipelago of the Comarca de… Read More »

Puerto Rico Geography

Located in Central America according to, Puerto Rico is an archipelago formed by the island of Puerto Rico (the smallest of the Greater Antilles) and several islands, islets and keys, among which are the islands of Mona, Monito, Vieques, Culebra, Desecheo, Caja de Muertos and numerous keys and islets mainly to the east and south… Read More »

Puerto Rico Government and Politics

Located in Central America according to, Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States. This means that Puerto Rico belongs to the United States, but is not part of them. Territories and their citizens are only entitled to the full protection of the Constitution when the United States Congress has incorporated them… Read More »

Puerto Rico in Twentieth Century

In 1900, the Foraker Act created a civilian government that replaced the occupying military government. Puerto Rico was administered by the United States Department of the Interior, but the governor was appointed by the president of the United States. An important piece of information is the creation of the post of Resident Commissioner, representative of the… Read More »

Puerto Rico History During Colonization

The Spanish arrived on the island of Puerto Rico on November 19, 1493, guided by Christopher Columbus, on his second voyage of exploration. Some historians are of the opinion that Puerto Rico was discovered by Martín Alonso Yáñez Pinzón in 1492 during the time he was separated from Columbus. The native Taínos, original residents of the Island, called it “Boriquén” or “Borinquén”,… Read More »

Aruba State Overview

Government and politics Located in Central America according to, Aruba is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but maintains extensive control over its affairs except for matters related to national defense, citizenship, foreign affairs, and extradition. Aruba has its own laws, constitution, government, and official currency. The judiciary resides in the Supreme Court… Read More »

Aruba Society

Languages Multilingualism prevails, where the majority of the population can speak more than four languages. As in the islands of the Netherlands Antilles, the official languages are Papiamento and Dutch, the latter is the language of instruction in schools and government work, being the third most widely spoken language since its daily use is limited… Read More »

Aruba Festivities

Carnival Carnival in Aruba is filled with the sounds of steel drums, marching bands, and Calypso-inspired tunes marching through the streets. The carnival season is characterized by its frenzied weeks of queen elections, street marches, grave and calypso contests, parties and parades, followed by the illuminated parade and grand parades in San Nicolás and Oranjestad.… Read More »

Aruba History

Located in Central America according to, Aruba is an island of the Lesser Antilles, the westernmost of the Sotavento group 25 km north of the Paraguaná peninsula, northwest of Venezuela and south of the Caribbean Sea, just west of the island of Curaçao. He was part of the Netherlands Antilles, although from the 1 of January of 1986 is an autonomous country within… Read More »

U.S. Virgin Islands Economy and Culture

Economy Located in Central America according to, the United States Virgin Islands is a relatively developed territory, with a per capita income of around $ 14,500. The economy of the islands is oriented, fundamentally, to the service sector, which contributes 80% of GDP, behind which is industry (19%) and little agriculture (1%). Tourism is… Read More »

U.S. Virgin Islands History and Geography

Located in Central America according to, the Virgin Islands of the United States (United States Virgin Islands) are a group of islands located in the Caribbean, dependent on the United States of America. These islands are part of the Virgin Islands archipelago; It is made up of four main islands (Saint Thomas, Saint John, Saint Croix and Water Island) and some… Read More »

British Virgin Islands Overview

As a country located in Central America according to, British Virgin Islands is a British overseas territory. It includes some forty islands and islets of volcanic origin belonging to the archipelago of the Virgin Islands, in the small Antilles. Geographic location Located to the East of Puerto Rico, they are part of the Lesser Antilles and it is located between… Read More »

Cayman Islands Overview

As a country located in Central America according to, Cayman Islands is a British Overseas Territory dependent on the United Kingdom and located northwest of Jamaica, between the island of Cuba and the coast of Honduras, in the waters of the Caribbean Sea. History Christopher Columbus on his fourth voyage, in 1503, set out from Hispaniola, and came across three small islands near Jamaica,… Read More »

Yemen History

According to topschoolsintheusa, Yemen is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Middle East. Its land, relatively fertile in some valleys, and its humid climate allowed the development of a stable population. Its nomadic residents were dedicated throughout ancient times to grazing and raising birds. The Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemy referred to Yemen in his… Read More »

Ecuador Geography

Ecuador borders Colombia to the north and Peru to the east and south. the country was named after its location under the equator (Spanish: Ecuador). Quito is almost exactly below the equator, the northern limit is 2 ° north and the southern limit is 5 ° south. In the west-east direction, the state lies in… Read More »

Tanzania History

Origin of the Swahili culture The coast of East Africa was already known to the European and Asian seafarers of antiquity. From the 12th century, the mixture of native cultures with Arabs (traders) in the coastal area of ​​today’s Tanzania gave rise to the Islamic Swahili culture with Swahili, a Bantu language with strong Arabic… Read More »

Sri Lanka Early History

The early settlement The oldest part of the population on the island (old name in Sanskrit and Pali: Lanka, ancient Greek name: Taprobane) is represented by the Wedda. In prehistoric times, members of a presumably pre-Ravidian arable population immigrated from southern India over the Adam’s Bridge. Around the middle of the 1st millennium BC, according… Read More »

Syria Arts and Music

CULTURE: ARCHEOLOGY AND ART According to Softwareleverage, ancient Syria was the meeting point of all the historical-artistic processes of the vast region between the Nile and the Euphrates. Its most ancient artistic manifestations, represented by the constructions of Ugarit and by the cave drawings of Demir Kapu, date back to the fifth millennium BC. The… Read More »

Switzerland Cinema

A 1964 study by Cinémathèque Suisse, founded in Lausanne in 1948 and, under the guidance of F. Bauche, devoted to the recovery of heritage sheds some light on the origins of cinema in Lausanne and Geneva from 1895 to 1914, first shrouded in fog. national. The exhumations and discoveries up to 1940 concern animated cinema… Read More »

Romania History: the Birth of the Romanian State

The path to freedom could no longer be stopped: the Romanians now demanded independence and in 1857 the election for the dīvān resulted in a triumphal victory for the nationalists. It is due to M. Kogălniceanu and his determination that the Paris Conference of 1858 recognized, albeit with many reservations (and without affecting the formal sovereignty of… Read More »

Poznan in Poland

According to Computergees, Poznan is a city in Poland and is considered one of the oldest in the country. Visitors to Poland will love Poznan as the city has a lot of historical buildings. Both the cathedral in Poznan and numerous other sacred buildings of the city are worth a visit. The advantage of Poznan is… Read More »

Scotland Brief History

The journey through the Scottish Highlands was part of a travel plan that I called “Journey in Viking Settlements” and which included visits to, in addition to the journey through this region, the Shetland Islands, the Orkney Islands and a visit to the outer Hebrides. The Nordic heritage lives on in these areas, especially in… Read More »