Category Archives: Europe

For the complete list of nations in Europe, please visit thesciencetutor.org.

Austria Custom and Traditions

According to topschoolsintheusa, the traditional costume is worn almost only for celebrations. In the side valleys the men had, until recently, short jackets of brown or gray loden with a red cloth on the chest, while in the major valleys long jackets and leather shoes have penetrated up to the knee. In addition to pointed… Read More »

Denmark Under Frederick V

Even at the time of Frederick IV, the policy of internal accommodation was continued: schools were built, a territorial militia (Landmilits) was created (1701), serfdom was abolished (1702). In addition to this, despite the expensive constructions made and the great fire that had almost reduced Copenhagen to ashes (1728), it was possible to restore order… Read More »

Poland Post-war Economic Conditions

The post-war territorial changes contributed to radically transform the economic structures and functions of Poland, a predominantly agricultural country until the Second World War. After the first phase of reconstruction from the devastation of the war, the new socialist government issued important measures regarding the nationalization of industry and commerce and agrarian reform. From the… Read More »

Sweden in the 15th and 16th Centuries

The period of King Charles and the following period are characterized by great party struggles. There was a group opposed to the union which – especially in the province of Dalarna – thanks to the support of the peasants, had a certain democratic aspect; their leader was initially Charles Knutsson himself. On the other hand,… Read More »

Hungary in the 1990’s

In the Hungary the transition from the socialist regime to democracy took place without major shocks. At the beginning of the nineties, the first free elections had taken place which guaranteed a majority in Parliament to the center formations, but the governments that had been an expression of this, having failed with the planned economic… Read More »

Portugal History – The Contemporary Age

Charles I himself was assassinated and his successor, Emanuele II, was deposed in 1910 by a revolution that proclaimed a republic. A provisional government, led by JFT Braga, enacted a series of anticlerical measures and prepared the election of a constituent assembly; the latter gave the Portugal a new fundamental charter and elected M. de… Read More »

Lithuania Geography

Lithuania, resurrected to new life among the states of Europe at the end of the world war, now embraces, including the Territory of Memel (lit. Klaip ė da), an area of ​​55,670 sq km. (54,780 if we exclude the stretches of water with a surface greater than 0.5 sq. Km.), Equal to that of Piedmont… Read More »

Belgium Economic Conditions – Agriculture

Economic well-being, which is a factor of such importance in ensuring the moral and material structure of the Belgian state, has its main root in the treasures of agricultural and mining soil. Not that the generally favorable conditions of the climate and the abundance and happy distribution of the waters correspond equally to the favor… Read More »

Austria in the 18th Century Up to Maria Theresa

The happy outcome of oriental politics had given new vigor to the Austrian state and to the dynasty that ruled its fate. The weakening of France, since the early century. XVIII, still had to favor both and allow the Habsburgs of Austria to resume in the first half of the century. XVIII, a preponderant position… Read More »

Bulgaria History in the 1920’s and 1930’s

The government of the so-called “Democratic Entente” (Demokrati è eski Zgovor), which occurred as a reaction to that of the murdered Stambolijski, under the presidency of A. Cankov (June 1923), neither did it last long. Serious discontent continued to spread among the masses, excited and bewildered by the tragic conditions of the nation’s political, economic… Read More »

Cyprus Geopolitics

Cyprus still represents today the emblem of a disputed territory within the European continent. Due to its peculiar position, Cyprus historically represents the crossroads between the Middle East and Europe. A former colonial possession of the British Empire, Cyprus became independent in 1960, following the signing of the Treaty of Zurich and London. The treaty,… Read More »

Switzerland Cinema

A 1964 study by Cinémathèque Suisse, founded in Lausanne in 1948 and, under the guidance of F. Bauche, devoted to the recovery of heritage sheds some light on the origins of cinema in Lausanne and Geneva from 1895 to 1914, first shrouded in fog. national. The exhumations and discoveries up to 1940 concern animated cinema… Read More »

Romania History: the Birth of the Romanian State

The path to freedom could no longer be stopped: the Romanians now demanded independence and in 1857 the election for the dīvān resulted in a triumphal victory for the nationalists. It is due to M. Kogălniceanu and his determination that the Paris Conference of 1858 recognized, albeit with many reservations (and without affecting the formal sovereignty of… Read More »

Poznan in Poland

According to Computergees, Poznan is a city in Poland and is considered one of the oldest in the country. Visitors to Poland will love Poznan as the city has a lot of historical buildings. Both the cathedral in Poznan and numerous other sacred buildings of the city are worth a visit. The advantage of Poznan is… Read More »

Scotland Brief History

The journey through the Scottish Highlands was part of a travel plan that I called “Journey in Viking Settlements” and which included visits to, in addition to the journey through this region, the Shetland Islands, the Orkney Islands and a visit to the outer Hebrides. The Nordic heritage lives on in these areas, especially in… Read More »

Facts of Italy

Below you will find practical information in connection with trips to Italy Language: Italian Capital: Gypsy Population: 62 mill. Religion: Roman Catholicism Currency: Euro Surface: 301 340 km2 Worth knowing Time difference There is no time difference between Italy and Sweden. Transport in Italy The buses we travel with in Italy are in good condition… Read More »

Travel to Albania

Albania is a land of contrasts. Here you will find both high mountains with rushing rivers and the beautiful Albanian Riviera. There are old towns with churches and mosques, but also modern buildings that shoot up everywhere. Albanian cuisine is characterized by Italian and Greek food culture. See trips to Albania Residents: 3 mill. Capital:… Read More »

Latvia Economy

The economy, nationalized immediately after the Second World War, following the independence achieved in September 1991, it initiated the transition to the market system, with the difficulties deriving from the strong interdependence consolidated during the previous fifty years, in a context of relative sectoral specialization with the other former Soviet republics. The country’s difficulties largely… Read More »

London Attractions

London in particular has many interesting sights to offer. Highlights is the Palace of Westminster or Houses of Parliament. The Palace is the seat of the British House of Lords and the House of Parliament. The building itself was built in the neo-Gothic style and is located near the Thames in Westminster. The Palace of Westminster… Read More »

Slovakia Geography

Slovakia, Slovak Slovensko, officially Slovak Republic, Slovak Slovenská republika, state in Eastern Central Europe with (2020) 5.4 million residents; The capital is Bratislava. Population and Religion Slovakia has a population of 5.4 million (2020). Slovaks make up the majority of the population (81%), the two largest minorities are Hungarians in the south of the country… Read More »

Travel to Switzerland

Visa As an EU citizen, no visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days. No residence permit is required during this period. However, if you are in gainful employment, you must report it. A residence permit must be applied for for stays longer than 90 days. This is usually issued without any problems with proof of work… Read More »

Emigration to Slovakia

Area: 49,034 km² Residents: 5,443,120 (December 31, 2017) Population density: 111 E / km² Form of Government: Parliamentary republic System of Government: Parliamentary democracy Neighboring countries: Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Austria Capital: Bratislava National language: Slovak Religions: 68% Roman Catholic, 6.9% Evang. Augsburg Church, 4.09% Greek-Catholic. Church, 2.04% Evangelical Reformed Church, 0.94% Orthodox Church, 0.2% Jehovah’s Witnesses Currency: Euro Telephone area code: +421 Time zone: UTC… Read More »

Belarus History

Belarus, whose name appears historically in the century. XIII, was colonized between the sec. V and VIII from Slavic tribes, fell under the rule of the Principality of Kijev around the century. IX and at the end of the century. XIV, after undergoing the Mongol invasion and being passed to the Dukes of Lithuania, for… Read More »

Cyprus History Timeline

According to computergees, Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean 50 km south of Turkey. Internationally, the Republic of Cyprus is recognized as the rightful government of the whole island, but it controls only the southern two thirds of the island. In ancient times, the natives called Cyprus Alashiya. In Mari, a large city on… Read More »

Hungary Arts

Romanized in the period from the Flavians to Marcus Aurelius, in the sec. I and II Hungary was enriched with numerous cities such as Sabaria (Szombathely), Scarbantia (Sopron), Valcum (Fenékpuszta), Sopianae (Pécs). Among the major documents of the time are the frescoes and mosaic floors of the governor’s villa in Obuda and the statues of the capitolium of Scarbantia. Under the Huns metalworking reached a… Read More »

Malta Geography

Malta – key data Area: 316 km² Population: 408,333 (July 2011 estimate, CIA). The Maltese population is made up of descendants of Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong influences fromItalians and other Mediterranean peoples together. Population density: 1,292 people per km² Population growth: 0.375% per year (2011, CIA). Capital: Valetta (6,300 residents, 2005) Highest point: Ta’Dmejrek… Read More »

Finland Sightseeing

A holiday in Finland is definitely worth it, as the country has a large number of different attractions to show. Visit sunglasseswill for Top 10 Sights in Finland. The Aleksis Kivi birthplace should not be missed. This is a museum in honor of a world-famous Finnish playwright and novelist. The museum still shows the original furnishings of… Read More »

Germany Early History

HISTORY: PREHISTORY The territory between the Rhine and the Oder was inhabited since very ancient times. Among the oldest known human remains on the European continent is the Mauer jaw in Baden-Württemberg, discovered in 1907, associated with a Middle Pleistocene fauna at Elephas antiquus, Rhinoceros etruscus and Machaïrodus and attributed to a European variety of… Read More »

Vatican City (World Heritage)

The world heritage includes the entire Vatican City with St. Peter’s Church, St. Peter’s Square and the Vatican Palace with the Vatican Museums and Gardens. The Vatican has been the papal residence since 1377. St. Peter’s Basilica, which was built in the 15th century, and the Papal Palace are the centers of Catholic Christianity not… Read More »